Infantry Assault Badge

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Infantry Assault Badge
Infanterie Sturmabzeichen
IAB.jpg
Infantry Assault Badge in Silver.
Awarded by Nazi Germany
Type Badge
Eligibility Military personnel
Awarded for Silver grade awarded to non-motorized infantry and mountain personnel who participated in combat action and bronze grade was meant for motorized infantry troops.
Campaign World War II
Status Obsolete
Statistics
Established December 20, 1939 (Silver grade)
June 1, 1940 (Bronze grade).
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B22173, Russland, Kampf um Stalingrad, Infanterist.jpg
An infantry soldier displaying the Infantry Assault Badge in Silver on his tunic in Stalingrad in September 1942.

The Infantry Assault Badge (German: Infanterie Sturmabzeichen) was a German war badge awarded to Waffen SS and Wehrmacht Heer soldiers during World War II. This decoration was instituted on December 20, 1939 by the Oberstbefehlshaber des Heeres, Generalfeldmarschall von Brauchitsch. It could be awarded to members of non-motorized Infantry units and units of the Gebirgsjäger that had participated in Infantry assaults, with light Infantry weapons, on at least three days of battle in the front line as from January 1, 1940. When a counter offensive led to fighting at short distance, it could also apply. Award of the Infanterie Sturmabzeichen was authorized at regimental command level or above. The first two awards were given to an officer and an enlisted soldier on a special occasion on May 28, 1940, by von Brauchitsch himself.[1][2]

Classes[edit]

Silver[edit]

The silver class was instituted on December 20, 1939 by the commander of the OKH, Walther von Brauchitsch, and was awarded to infantry soldiers according to one of the following criteria:[3]

  • To have taken part in three or more infantry assaults.
  • To have taken part in three or more infantry counter-attacks.
  • To have taken part in three or more armed reconnaissance operations.
  • To have engaged in hand-to-hand combat in an assault position.
  • To have participated on three separate days in the restitution of combat positions.

Bronze[edit]

The bronze class was instituted on June 1, 1940. It was awarded to motorized/ Mechanized Infantry troops according to the following criteria:

  • To have taken part in three or more motorized infantry assaults.
  • To have taken part in three or more motorized infantry counter-attacks.
  • To have taken part in three or more motorized armed reconnaissance operations.
  • To have been engaged in hand-to-hand combat in motorized assault positions.
  • To have participated on three separate days in the restitution of a motorized combat position.

Maker's Marks[edit]

1, 2, 3, 4, Assmann, BSW, CW, DH Aurich, Franke & Reif, FO, FLL, FZS, G&W, GWL, H, JB & Co., JFS, L/10, L/18, L/51, L/53, L/56, L/61, MK 1, MK 2, MK 3, MK 4, MK 5, MK 6, MK 7, R.S., RSS, S.H.u.Co 41, W.H., ÜÜ Wiedmann.[4]

Design[edit]

The badge was designed by the company C. E. Junker of Berlin. It is oval in shape, with four oak leaves on each side; on the top is an eagle standing on a swastika and there is a rifle across the badge. The reverse of the badge is plain and has a pin attached to it. With the institution of the Ordensgesetz of 1957, German military personnel were permitted to wear de-nazified versions of German decorations. Also the Infanterie- Sturmabzeichen was produced from 1957 as a de-nazified version in Silver and Bronze, without the eagle and the Swastika.

References[edit]

  • Antonio Scapini, Decorazioni, distintivi e attestati di conferimento del Terzo Reich, Parma, Ermanno Albertelli Editore, 2012. ISBN 9788887372991