Infectious disease (medical specialty)
|Significant diseases||Infections, HIV/AIDS, Pneumonia, Osteomyelitis, Tuberculosis|
|Significant tests||Indium-111 WBC scan, Blood culture|
Infectious disease is a medical specialty dealing with the control and treatment of infections. An infectious disease (ID) specialist's practice may consist largely of managing nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infections, or it may be out-patient based, in which case it focuses more on community-acquired infections. ID is historically associated with travel medicine and tropical medicine, as many diseases acquired in tropical and subtropical areas are infective in nature. ID specialists typically serve as consultants in cases of complex infections or immunologic issues, and often manage patients with HIV/AIDS and other forms of immunodeficiency.
In the US, ID is a subspecialty of internal medicine or pediatrics (i.e., an internist or pediatrician trains for an additional 1-2 years as a medical fellow to qualify as an ID specialist and sit for the ID boards).
- Joint Royal Colleges Postgraduate Training Board. "Infectious Diseases". Retrieved 2013-12-12.
- "Infectious Disease". American College of Physicians.
- "What is an Infectious Disease Specialist?". Infectious Diseases Society of America.
- "Infectious Disease, Internal Medicine". American Association of Medical Colleges.
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