Skin infection

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A skin infection is an infection of the skin. Infection of the skin is distinguished from dermatitis,[1] which is inflammation of the skin, but a skin infection can result in skin inflammation. Skin inflammation due to skin infection is called infective dermatitis.[1]

Cause[edit]

Bacterial[edit]

Bacterial skin infections include:

Example of cellulitis showing 3+ edema of left leg

Fungal[edit]

Fungal skin infections may present as either a superficial or deep infection of the skin, hair, and/or nails.[6][7] As of 2010, they affect about one billion people globally.[8]

Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites[edit]

Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites in humans are caused by several groups of organisms belonging to the following phyla: Annelida, Arthropoda, Bryozoa, Chordata, Cnidaria, Cyanobacteria, Echinodermata, Nemathelminthes, Platyhelminthes, and Protozoa.[6][9]

Viral[edit]

Virus-related cutaneous conditions are caused by two main groups of virusesDNA and RNA types–both of which are obligatory intracellular parasites.[6][10]

Research[edit]

Dempster-Shafer Theory for detecting skin infection and displaying the result of detection process.[11]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ICD-10 > Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (L00-L99) > Infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (L00-L08) Stating: "Excludes: ... infective dermatitis ..."
  2. ^ NHS Impetigo
  3. ^ Kumar, Vinay; Abbas, Abul K.; Fausto, Nelson; & Mitchell, Richard N. (2007). Robbins Basic Pathology (8th ed.). Saunders Elsevier. pp. 843 ISBN 978-1-4160-2973-1
  4. ^ "erysipelas" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  5. ^ "cellulitis" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  6. ^ a b c Habif, Thomas P. (2001). Skin disease: diagnosis and treatment. Mosby. ISBN 0-8151-3762-1. 
  7. ^ David J. DiCaudo; Dirk Elston MD; Dirk M. Elston; Tammie Ferringer; Christine J. Ko; Christine Ko MD; Steven Peckham; Whitney A. High (2009). Dermatopathology. Philadelphia: Saunders. ISBN 0-7020-3023-6. 
  8. ^ Vos, T (Dec 15, 2012). "Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.". Lancet 380 (9859): 2163–96. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61729-2. PMID 23245607. 
  9. ^ Diaz JH (2010). "Mite-transmitted dermatoses and infectious diseases in returning travelers". J Travel Med 17 (1): 21–31. doi:10.1111/j.1708-8305.2009.00352.x. PMID 20074098. 
  10. ^ Lebwohl MG, Rosen T, Stockfleth E (November 2010). "The role of human papillomavirus in common skin conditions: current viewpoints and therapeutic options". Cutis 86 (5): suppl 1–11; quiz suppl 12. PMID 21214125. 
  11. ^ Maseleno A, Hasan M (2012). "Skin Diseases Expert System using Dempster-Shafer Theory". International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications. 4 (5): 38–44. doi:10.5815/ijisa.2012.05.06.