Inferior hypogastric plexus

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Nerve: Inferior hypogastric plexus
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The right sympathetic chain and its connections with the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic plexuses. (Pelvic plexus labeled at bottom right.)
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Lower half of right sympathetic cord. (Hypogastric plexus labeled at bottom right.)
Latin plexus hypogastricus inferior

The inferior hypogastric plexus (pelvic plexus in some texts)[1] is a plexus of nerves that supplies the viscera of the pelvic cavity.

The inferior hypogastric plexus is a paired structure, with each situated on the side of the rectum in the male, and at the sides of the rectum and vagina in the female.

Sources[edit]

Contributions to the plexus include:

At the points of junction of these nerves small ganglia are found.

Course[edit]

From these plexuses numerous branches are distributed to the viscera of the pelvis.

They accompany the branches of the internal iliac artery.

It is the source for the middle rectal plexus, vesical plexus, prostatic plexus, and uterovaginal plexus.[2]

Additional images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yokochi, Chihiro; Rohen, Johannes W. (2006). Color Atlas of Anatomy: A Photographic Study of the Human Body. Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 346. ISBN 0-7817-9013-1. 
  2. ^ Jeyarajah S, King A, Papagrigoriadis S (2007). "Faecal incontinence as presentation of an ependymomas of the spinal cord". World J Surg Oncol 5: 107. doi:10.1186/1477-7819-5-107. PMC 2034572. PMID 17894884. 

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.