XMC is a family of microcontroller ICs by Infineon. The XMC microcontrollers use the 32-bit RISC ARM processor cores from ARM Holdings, such as Cortex-M4F and Cortex-M0 . XMC stands for "cross-market microcontrollers," meaning that this family can cover due to compatibility and configuration options, a wide range in industrial applications. The family supports three essential trends in the industry: It increases the energy efficiency of the systems, supports a variety of communication standards and reduces software complexity in the development of the application's software environment with the parallel released eclipse based software tool DAVE.
- 1 XMC1000
- 2 XMC4000
- 3 Development tools
- 4 Development tools
- 5 Documentation
- 6 References
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
XMC4000 is a 32-bit microcontroller family with a Cortex-M4 core by ARM Holdings which was first introduced in early 2012 by Infineon. This microcontroller family uses the Cortex-M4 processor core with DSP function which is represented in numerous applications. Target applications in the industrial sector and multi-market can be: Actuators, solar inverters, manufacturing and building-automation, renewable energy and transportation. The XMC4000 family is divided into further series covering the various service areas and price ranges.
The XMC4000 family is specifically designed for the industrial sector and positioned in the Infineon microcontroller portfolio between the 16 - bit and 32-bit MCU technology. The focus is on target areas such as logistics, transportation, renewable energy, building control, and automation. Moreover, the ongoing trend of worldwide energy efficiency can also be found in this family. The goal is to reduce energy consumptions in controls of motors, solar inverters, SMPS I/O devices, without burdening this performance.
XMC4000 uses an ARM Cortex-M4 core, including single cycle DSP MAC and floating point unit (FPU) covering a frequency range from 80 MHz to 180 MHz. It uses 1 MB embedded Flash with built-in ECC hardware. It also has a 160 kB RAM.
|Clock||Flash||RAM||Cache||POSIF||CCU4 (4ch)||CCU8 (4ch)||High-res PWM||ADC 12-bit||Delta-sigma demodulator||DAC||Ethernet MAC||USB||SD/MMC||Serial||External memory||CAN||Touch button|
|XMC4100||80 MHz||128 kB||20 kB||4 kB||1||2||1||4||2||2||FS device||No||4||No||2||Yes|
|XMC4200||80 MHz||256 kB||40 kB||4 kB||1||2||1||4||2||2||FS device||No||4||No||2||Yes|
|XMC4400||120 MHz||512 kB||80 kB||4 kB||2||4||2||4||4||4||2||1||FS OTG||No||4||No||2||Yes|
|XMC4500||120 MHz||1 MB||160 kB||4 kB||2||4||2||4||4||2||1||FS OTG||Yes||6||Yes||3||Yes|
Both high-end family members have a 120 MHz CPU. Both XMC4500/XMC4400 are running on a 1 MB/512 kB flash and 160 kB/80 kB RAM.
Infineon expands in November 2012 the XMC4000 Microcontroller Family. Both families the XMC4200 and the XMC4100 run with an 80 MHz CPU using an ARM Cortex-M4 core architecture. The difference between those two members is that the XMC4200 has a 256 kB Flash, 40 kB and the XMC4100 a 128 kB Flash with 20 kB RAM.
XMC4000 Application Kit
The XMC4000 Application Kit is a modular, extensible application board consisting of a CPU board in the center and 3 satellites, the so-called extension boards. Due to this construction, the kit can be functionally extended to certain target applications and customized. The three satellites include the automation I/O Kit, an Ethernet / CAN / RS-485 Interface kit and a standard human interface kit. The Human Interface Board also (HMI), in addition to the OLED display plus audio, a touch and SD / MMC function. The COM board allows developers to create a kind of remote control over Ethernet. This board also supports MultiCAN and RS-485 interfaces. In addition to these three satellites, it allows developers to connect their own boards.
XMC4500 Relax / Relax Lite Kit
The Relax Kit and the Relax Lite Kit are low budget evaluation boards for the XMC4000 microcontroller family. The board contains the XMC4500 microcontroller (XMC4500-F100F1024 AA, Package: PG-LQFP-100), an ARM Cortex-M4F CPU running at 120 MHz, 1 MB Flash and 160 kB RAM. Besides that the Relax and Relax Lite Kit have a detachable on-board debugger so developers can download and validate the code without additional hardware. The Relax Kit and the Relax Lite Kit offer a complete set of on-board devices and plugs to run USB-based applications and to develop human machine interfaces with buttons and LEDs. The Relax Kit extends the feature set with an Ethernet-enabled communication option. It also allows developers to explore mass storage and file systems using a microSD card. In addition, it comes with serial flash memory. DAVE 3 is a suitable free software for those kits to reduce software developing time by using so called DAVE apps. Dave apps are sw component blocks which easily can be combined and implemented from the DAVE3 library.
DAVE - Auto code generation free software tool
DAVE (Digital Application Virtual Engineer) is an Eclipse-based software platform designed especially to reduce the software development effort and development time required for this. DAVE includes a GNU - compiler, a Debugger, and a visualization utility for graphic presentation of data. Other standard compiler and debugger can be added to the development environment. With pre-defined, tested applications, DAVE also supports automatic code generation. Alternatively, developers are free to integrate their own applications. Apps can be easily configured and adjusted using the graphical user interface to different applications.
Third Party Tools
Following development tool vendors support the XMC4000 family:
- Compiler, Debuger, Flash Loader:
- Operating systems, middleware, stacks
The amount of documentation for all ARM chips is daunting, especially for newcomers. The documentation for microcontrollers from past decades would easily be inclusive in a single document, but as chips have evolved so has the documentation grown. The total documentation is especially hard to grasp for all ARM chips since it consists of documents from the IC manufacturer (Infineon) and documents from CPU core vendor (ARM Holdings).
A typical top-down documentation tree is: manufacturer website, manufacturer marketing slides, manufacturer datasheet for the exact physical chip, manufacturer detailed reference manual that describes common peripherals and aspects of a physical chip family, ARM core generic user guide, ARM core technical reference manual, ARM architecture reference manual that describes the instruction set(s).
- XMC documentation tree (top to bottom)
- XMC website.
- XMC marketing slides.
- XMC datasheet.
- XMC reference manual.
- ARM core website.
- ARM core generic user guide.
- ARM core technical reference manual.
- ARM architecture reference manual.
Access to this documentation on the infineon website is only granted after accepting a NDA like license. This license e.g. forbids to publish any information from these documents, except one can proof that this information was published before.
STMicroelectronics has additional documents, such as: evaluation board user manuals, application notes, getting started guides, software library documents, errata, and more. See External Links section for links to official XMC and ARM documents.
- ARM Cortex-M
- Digital Signal Processing and Applications Using the ARM Cortex M4; 1st Edition; Donald Reay; Wiley; 250 pages; 2014; ISBN 978-1118859049.
- Assembly Language Programming : ARM Cortex-M3; 1st Edition; Vincent Mahout; Wiley-ISTE; 256 pages; 2012; ISBN 978-1848213296.
- The Definitive Guide to the ARM Cortex-M3 and Cortex-M4 Processors; 3rd Edition; Joseph Yiu; Newnes; 600 pages; 2013; ISBN 978-0124080829.
- The Definitive Guide to the ARM Cortex-M0; 1st Edition; Joseph Yiu; Newnes; 552 pages; 2011; ISBN 978-0-12-385477-3.
- XMC Documents
- Official website of the XMC4000 family
- Official website of the XMC4000-development tools
- Official website of DAVE3 Auto code generation and free tool
- Infineon XMC4500 datasheet
- Infineon mcu forum
- Hitex XMC4000 Support
- XMC4500 Automation Kit No.1 via Hitex
- iXperience M4 Development Kit
- ARM Official Documents