Information Security Oversight Office
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|Information Security Oversight Office|
|Formed||December 1, 1978|
|Preceding Agency||Interagency Classification Review Committee|
|Jurisdiction||Federal government of the United States|
|Headquarters||700 Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, D.C.|
|Parent agency||National Archives and Records Administration|
|Key document||Classified National Security Information |
The Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO) is responsible to the President for policy and oversight of the government-wide security classification system and the National Industrial Security Program. The ISOO receives authority from:
- Executive Order 13526 "Classified National Security Information"
- Executive Order 13587 "Structural Reforms To Improve the Security of Classified Networks and the Responsible Sharing and Safeguarding of Classified Information"
- Executive Order 12829 "National Industrial Security Program"
- Executive Order 13549 "Classified National Security Information Program for State, Local, Tribal, and Private Sector Entities"
- Executive Order 13556 "Controlled Unclassified Information"
- 1 History
- 2 Government openness and public access
- 3 ISOO Components
- 4 Our Mission
- 5 Our Vision
- 6 Functions
- 7 Goals
- 8 Annual reports
- 9 Policy documents
- 10 Staff
- 11 Notices
- 12 See also
- 13 Notes and references
- 14 External links
The Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO) was established by President Jimmy Carter with the signing of Executive Order 12065, "National Security Information," on December 1, 1978.
ISOO replaced the Interagency Classification Review Committee (ICRC) which was created by Executive Order 11652, "Classification and Declassification of National Security Information and Material," issued by President Richard Nixon in 1972. The ICRC was composed of representatives from the Departments of Defense, Justice and State; the predecessor to the United States Department of Energy, the Atomic Energy Commission, and the Central Intelligence Agency. John Eisenhower chaired the ICRC, which met monthly at the White House. After Mr. Eisenhower resigned in 1973, the administrative function of the ICRC was moved to the National Archives and Records Service, a component of the General Services Administration, with the Archivist of the United States, James Rhodes, named as acting chairman. William L. Brown, an attorney with the Atomic Energy Commission, was appointed Executive Director in October 1973 and served until December, 1975. The committee continued to meet monthly in the Roosevelt Room of the White House.
Former Congressman Michael Blouin from Iowa served as the first Director of ISOO. When Mr. Blouin stepped down in 1980, President Carter appointed Steven Garfinkel as ISOO's second Director. Mr. Garfinkel served as Director until his retirement in January 2002. In May 2002, the Archivist of the United States appointed J. William Leonard as Director with the approval of President Bush. Mr. Leonard served as Director until his retirement in January 2008. William J. Bosanko was named the acting Director in January 2008 and was formally appointed as Director by the Archivist of the United States, with the approval of President Bush, on April 16, 2008. Mr. Bosanko served as Director until March 2011 when he was named as the Executive for Agency Services at the National Archives and Records Administration. On August 1, 2011, the appointment of John P. Fitzpatrick as ISOO's fifth Director became effective.
Government openness and public access
The ISOO strives to provide for an informed American public by ensuring that the minimum information necessary to the interest of national security is classified and that information is declassified as soon as it no longer requires protection. This is carefully balanced by the imperative to hold certain information in confidence in order to protect from harm America's citizens, its democratic institutions, and its participation in the community of nations.
The Classification Management Staff
Develops security classification policies for classifying, declassifying and safeguarding national security information generated in Government and industry.
The Operations Staff
Evaluates the effectiveness of the security classification programs established by Government and industry to protect information vital to our national security interests.
Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) Office
Develops standardized CUI policies and procedures that appropriately protect sensitive information through effective data access and control measures.
We support the President by ensuring that the Government protects and provides proper access to information to advance the national and public interest. We lead efforts to standardize and assess the management of classified and controlled unclassified information through oversight, policy development, guidance, education, and reporting.
- A Government whose information is properly shared, protected, and managed to serve the national interest.
- An informed American public that has trust in its Government.
- Develops implementing directives and instructions.
- Reviews and approves agency implementing regulations.
- Maintains liaison relationships with agency counterparts and conducts on-site and document reviews to monitor agency compliance.
- Develops and disseminates security education materials for Government and industry; monitors security education and training programs.
- Receives and takes action on complaints, appeals, and suggestions.
- Collects and analyzes relevant statistical data and, along with other information, reports them annually to the President. ISOO analyzes these data and reports them, along with other relevant information, in its Annual Report to the President and its Cost Report. Copies of ISOO Annual Reports are available upon request or for download at the ISOO's section for Reports .
- Serves as spokesperson to Congress, the media, special interest groups, professional organizations, and the public.
- Conducts special studies on identified or potential problem areas and develops remedial approaches for program improvement.
- Recommends policy changes to the President through the National Security Advisor. As appropriate, ISOO convenes and chairs interagency meetings to discuss matters, including possible policy changes, pertaining to the security classification program.
- Provides program and administrative support for the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP) under E.O. 13526.
- Provides program and administrative support for the Public Interest Declassification Board (PIDB).
- Reviews requests for original classification authority from agencies.
- Chairs the National Industrial Security Program Policy Advisory Committee (NISPPAC) under E.O. 12829, as amended.
- Chairs the State, Local, Tribal, and Private Sector Policy Advisory Committee (SLTPSPAC) under E.O. 13549.
- Promote and enhance the system that protects the national security information that safeguards the American government and its people.
- Provide for an informed American public by ensuring that the minimum information necessary to the interest of national security is classified and that information is declassified as soon as it no longer requires protection.
- Promote and enhance concepts that facilitate the sharing of information in the fulfillment of mission-critical functions related to national security.
- Provide expert advice and guidance pertinent to the principles of information security.
- 1980 - 1981
On December 29, 2009, the White House released a new Executive order entitled "Classified National Security Information." It prescribes a uniform system for classifying, safeguarding, and declassifying national security information.
On December 29, 2009, the White House released a Presidential memorandum entitled "Implementation of the Executive Order 'Classified National Security Information.'" This memorandum imparts specific requirements to the Executive branch concerning implementation of the new order.
On December 29, 2009, the White House released a Presidential order entitled "Original Classification Authority." This order designates those agency heads and officials as having the authority to classify information.
Sets forth guidance to agencies on original and derivative classification, downgrading, declassification, and safeguarding of classified national security information.
Describes the procedures to be followed by individuals or organizations who wish to bring matters before the Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel (ISCAP), and the procedures that ISCAP will follow to resolve these matters.
Establishes a National Industrial Security Program to safeguard Federal Government classified information that is released to contractors, licensees, and grantees of the United States Government.
Safeguards Federal Government classified information that is released to contractors, licensees, and grantees of the United States Government.
Amendment to the National Industrial Security Program Directive that provides guidance to agencies on release of certain classified information (referred to as "proscribed information") to contractors that are owned or under the control of a foreign interest and have had the foreign ownership or control mitigated by an arrangement known as an Special Security Agreement (SSA).
Provides guidance to safeguard and govern access to classified national security information shared by the Federal Government with State, local, tribal, and private sector (SLTPS) entities.
Establishes a program between the Executive Agent (EA), departments or agencies, other stakeholders, and the general public to consolidate and standardize CUI terms.
Ensures sharing and safeguarding of classified information on computer networks shall be consistent with appropriate protections for privacy and civil liberties.
ISOO has three directorates and a staff of 28 people.
- The Directorate for Policy develops security classification policies for classifying, declassifying and safeguarding national security information generated in government and industry.
- The Directorate for Operations evaluates the effectiveness of the security classification programs established by government and industry to protect information vital to our national security interests.
- The Directorate for Controlled Unclassified Information Develops standardized CUI policies and procedures that appropriately protect sensitive information through effective data access and control measures.
- Currently John P. Fitzpatrick serves as Director with Greg Pannoni as Associate Director for Operations, William A. Cira serves as Associate Director of Classification Management, and Patrick D. Viscuso serves as Associate Director for Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI)
Since September 30, 2008, the Information Security Oversight Office has issued ISOO Notices to disseminate and provide consistent guidance to Federal Agencies, in an effort to improve their classified national security information programs. Each ISOO Notice focuses on a single topic related to classification, safeguarding, or declassification.
As of September 30, 2010, due to the issuance of Executive Order 13526 and the revision to 32 CFR Part 2001, many of the original notices have been revised, canceled, or superseded. The notices listed reflect these changes.
- National Archives and Records Administration
- Public Interest Declassification Board
- The Controlled Unclassified Information
- Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel
Notes and references
- "Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) Office".www.archives.gov
- Federal Register, The Daily Journal of the United States Government , January 5, 2010,
- Federal Register, The Daily Journal of the United States Government , June 28, 2010,
- Federal Register, The Daily Journal of the United States Government , August 23, 2010,