Infosys

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Infosys
Public
Traded as BSE500209
NSEINFY
NYSEINFY
BSE SENSEX Constituent
CNX Nifty Constituent
Industry IT services, IT consulting
Founded 2 July 1981 Pune, Maharashtra
Founder
Headquarters Electronics City, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
K. V. Kamath (Chairman)
Vishal Sikka (CEO & MD)
Services IT, business consulting and outsourcing services
Revenue Increase US$ 8.71 billion (2015)[1]
Increase US$ 2.26 billion (2015)[1]
Profit Increase US$ 2.01 billion (2015)[1]
Total assets Increase US$ 10.62 billion (2015)[1]
Total equity Increase US$ 8.76 billion (2015)[1]
Number of employees
176,187 (As of 31 March, 2015)[2]
Divisions Infosys BPO Limited
Lodestone Management Consultants
Website infosys.com

Infosys Ltd (formerly Infosys Technologies Limited) is an Indian multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology, software engineering and outsourcing services. It is headquartered in Bangalore, Karnataka.[3]

Infosys is the second-largest India-based IT services company by 2014 revenues,[4] and the fifth largest employer of H-1B visa[5][6] professionals in the United States in FY 2013.[7] On 15 February 2015, its market capitalisation was 263,735 crores ($42.51 billion), making it India's sixth largest publicly traded company.[8][9][10]

History[edit]

Infosys was co-founded in 1981 by Narayan Murthy, Nandan Nilekani, N. S. Raghavan, S. Gopalakrishnan, S. D. Shibulal, K. Dinesh and Ashok Arora after they resigned from Patni Computer Systems.[11] The company was incorporated as "Infosys Consultants Pvt Ltd." with a capital of Rs. 10,000 (roughly $250) in Model Colony, Pune as the registered office.[12] It signed its first client, Data Basics Corporation, in New York.[13] In 1983, the company's corporate headquarters was relocated from Pune to Bangalore.[13]

Change in name: The company changed its name to "Infosys Technologies Private Limited" in April 1992 and to "Infosys Technologies Limited" when it became a public limited company in June 1992. It was later renamed to "Infosys Limited" in June 2011.[14]

an initial public offer (IPO) in February 1993 with an offer price of Rs. 95 per share against book value of Rs. 20 per share. The Infosys IPO was under subscribed but it was "bailed out" by US investment bank Morgan Stanley which picked up 13% of equity at the offer price.[15] Its shares were listed in stock exchanges in June 1993 with trading opening at Rs. 145 per share.[16]

In October 1994, it made a private placement of 5,50,000 shares at Rs. 450 each against book value of Rs. 10 per share to Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs), Financial Institutions (FIs) and Corporates.[citation needed]

In March 1999, it issued 2,070,000 ADSs (equivalent to 1,035,000 equity shares of par value of Rs. 10 each) at US $34 per ADS under the American Depositary Shares Program and the same were listed on the NASDAQ National Market in US. The total issue amount was US $70.38 million.[citation needed]

The share price surged to Rs. 8,100 by 1999 making it the costliest share on the market at the time. At that time, Infosys was among the 20 biggest companies by market capitalization on the NASDAQ.[15]

During July 2003, June 2005 and November 2006, it made secondary ADS issues of US $294 million, US $1.07 billion and US $1.605 billion respectively.[citation needed]

In December 2002,Infosys transferred the listing of its American Depositary Shares (ADS) from the NASDAQ to the NYSE.[17]

The credit rating of the company is A- (given by Standard & Poor's on 13-Dec-2013).[18]

In February 2015, Infosys announced it would acquire the US automation technology company Panaya for around $200 million.[19]

Operations[edit]

The Headquarters of Infosys is located in Bengaluru

On 31 March 2015, Infosys had 950 clients across 50 countries.[3][20]

Infosys has a global footprint with offices and development centers across the world.[21]

In 2012, Infosys announced a new office in Milwaukee, Wisconsin to service Harley-Davidson, being the 18th international office in the United States.[22][23] Infosys hired 1,200 United States employees in 2011, and expanded the workforce by an additional 2,000 employees in 2012.[23]

Products and Services[edit]

It provides software development, maintenance and independent validation services to companies in banking, finance, insurance, manufacturing and other domains.[24]

One of its known products is Finacle[25] which is a universal banking solution with various modules for retail and corporate banking.

Glass building in Pune campus

Acquisitions[edit]

  • In December 2003, Infosys had acquired Australia-based IT service provider Expert Information Services for $23 million.[26][27]
  • In December 2009, Infosys BPO acquired Atlanta-based McCamish Systems for about $38 million.[28]
  • In January 2012, Infosys BPO acquired Australia-based Portland Group, provider of strategic sourcing and category management services, for about AUD 37 million.[29][30]
  • In September 2012, Infosys acquired Switzerland-based Lodestone Management Consultants for about $345 million.[31]
  • In March 2015, Infosys acquired Panaya, Inc., a leading provider of automation technology for large scale enterprise software management. [32]

Current shareholding[edit]

A building in Thiruvananthapuram campus
Shareholders (as on 31-Mar-2014) Shareholding[1]
Promoters group 15.94%
Foreign Institutional Investors (FII)
ADR 16.10%
Individual shareholders 09.95%
Banks, Financial Institutions and Insurance Companies 09.08%
Mutual Funds 04.58%
Others 02.25%
Total 100.00%

Initiatives[edit]

Main block in Chennai campus
Infosys, Bangalore

Infosys Foundation[edit]

Main article: Infosys Foundation

In 1996, Infosys established the Infosys Foundation, to support the underprivileged sections of society.[33] At the outset, the Infosys Foundation implemented programs in Karnataka. It subsequently covered Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, and Punjab in a phased manner. A team at the Foundation identifies programs in the areas of Healthcare, Education, Culture, Destitute Care and Rural Development.[34]

Academic Entente[edit]

Infosys' Global Academic Relations team forges Academic Entente (AcE)[clarification needed] with academic and partner institutions.[35] It explores co-creation opportunities between Infosys and academia through case studies, student trips and speaking engagements. They also collaborate on technology, emerging economies, globalization, and research. Some initiatives include research collaborations, publications, conferences and speaking sessions, campus visits and campus hiring.[36]

Infosys Labs[edit]

Infosys Labs is organized as a global network of research labs and innovation hubs.[37]

Infosys Labs collaborates with leading national and international universities such as the University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering,[38] University of Cambridge, Queens University of Belfast,[39] University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, IITB-Monash Research Academy, Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Purdue University,[40] Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore.[41]

Infosys Prize[edit]

The Infosys Prize is an annual award given to scientists, researchers, engineers and social scientists connected to India. It is given by the Infosys Science Foundation, a not-for-profit trust which was set up in February 2009 by Infosys and some members of its Board. The prize is given under six categories. Each category includes a gold medallion, a citation certificate, and prize money of Rs. 65 Lakh.[42][43]

Employees[edit]

The Development Center in Mysore campus

Infosys has a total of 176,187 employees as of 30 April 2015, of which 34.7% were women. Its workforce consists of employees representing 89 nationalities working from 32 countries.[44] Out of its total workforce, 79% are software professionals, 15% are working in its BPO arm and remaining 5% work for support and sales.[20] The attrition rate of Infosys Ltd., excluding its subsidiaries, for 12 months ending 31 March 2014, was 18.7%. And following the annual hike for employees during 2015-16, the attrition rate is likely to increase.[20]

During FY 2013-14, Infosys received 911,220 applications from prospective employees and had a gross addition of 39,985 employees.[45]

Training Centre in Mysore[edit]

As the world's largest corporate university, the Infosys global education centre in the 340 acre[46][47] campus has 500 instructors and 200 classrooms, with international benchmarks at its core.[48] Established in 2002, it had trained around 100,000 engineering graduates by June 2012.[48] It can train 12,000 employees with 3 batches of 4000 employees for 4 months each.[49][50]

Infosys Leadership Institute (ILI)
ILI based in Mysore has 96 rooms and trains about 400 Infoscians annually to become the 'leaders'.[50]

List of CEOs[edit]

Vishal Sikka is the CEO and MD of Infosys. Prior to joining Infosys, Dr. Sikka was a member of the Executive Board of SAP AG and the Global Managing Board, leading all SAP products and innovation globally. He took over from S.D. Shibulal, one of the founders, on 1 August.[51] He was inducted as a whole-time director of the Board and CEO & MD (Designate) of Infosys on 14 June.[52] He receives $5.08 Million (30 Crores) and stock options worth $2 million as annual compensation.[53]

Name Period
N. R. Narayana Murthy 1981 to March 2002
Nandan Nilekani March 2002 to April 2007
S Gopalakrishnan April 2007 to August 2011
S D Shibulal August 2011 to July 2014
Vishal Sikka August 2014 to date [54]

Awards and recognitions[edit]

  • Infosys was ranked 15th largest IT services provider in the world by HfS Research in its 2013 ranking.[55]
  • Infosys was ranked 19th on the world's most innovative companies list by Forbes.[56]
  • Infosys was in the list of top twenty green companies in Newsweek's Green Rankings for 2012.[57]
  • The company has been voted India's most admired company in The Wall Street Journal Asia 200[58]

Controversies[edit]

Accusation of visa fraud
In 2011, Infosys was accused of committing visa fraud by using B-1 (visitor) visas for work requiring H-1B (work) visas. The allegations were initially made by an American employee of Infosys in an internal complaint. He subsequently sued the company, claiming that he was harassed and sidelined after speaking out. Although that case was dismissed,[59] it along with another similar case,[60][61][62] brought the allegations to the notice of the US authorities — and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and a federal grand jury started investigating.[63]

In October 2013, Infosys agreed to settle the civil suit with US authorities by paying US$34 million.[64] Infosys refused to admit guilt and stressed that it only agreed to pay the fine to avoid the nuisance of 'prolonged litigation'.[65] In its statement the company said "As reflected in the settlement, Infosys denies and disputes any claims of systemic visa fraud, misuse of visas for competitive advantage, or immigration abuse. Those claims are assertions that remain unproven".[66]

Allegation of language bias
In July 2014 Former US employees of Infosys have filed a lawsuit against it for alleging discrimination because of their inability to communicate in Hindi. According to the lawsuit filed in the US District Court of Eastern District of Wisconsin, the former employees alleged that they were "excluded" from work conversations by their supervisors and co-workers who "regularly spoke in Hindi" in front of them. The case has been filed by Layla Bolten, Gregor Handloser and two more employees. Bolten was hired as a tester, while Handloser was hired by Infosys in 2004 as a sales manager.[67]

Deals[edit]

  • House of Fraser, a British-based department store opted for Infosys as strategic partner to transform its business channel, IT infrastructure and to expand its global footprint. This multi-year deal is signed in the presence of Mr. Yuan Yafei, Chairman, Sanpower Group and Dr. Vishal Sikka, Chief Executive Officer, Infosys.[68]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Infosys Ltd Annual Report" (PDF). Infosys Ltd. 
  2. ^ "Infosys Investor FAQs" (PDF). Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Infosys Overview". Infosys. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Top 5 India-Based IT Services Providers' Worldwide Revenue, 2012". Gartner. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  5. ^ H1-b history for Infosys Ltd
  6. ^ Infosys Technologies Limited
  7. ^ "Top 10 Employers" (PDF). H-1B Temporary Visa Program — Selected Statistics, FY 2013. OFFICE OF FOREIGN LABOR CERTIFICATION. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Infosys Market Cap (INFY)". ycharts.com. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Top 100 Companies by Market Capitalization BSE". BSE. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  10. ^ "Infosys Q2 Profit Rises to Rs. 3,096 Crore, Shares Jump on Bonus Issue.". NDTV. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Murthy to Patni, with love". Economic Times. 18 October 2002. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "The amazing success story of Infosys". Rediff.com. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Reports, Company History, Directors Report, Chairman's Speech, Auditors Report of Infosys". NDTVProfit.com. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "About Infosys". Infosys. Retrieved 23 September 2013. 
  15. ^ a b "Infosys Technologies Bio". in.com. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "Equity Shares Information". infosys.com. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "Infosys Celebrates Cross-Listing on NYSE Euronext London and NYSE Euronext Paris and Highlights Recent Transfer to NYSE". NYSE. February 2013. 
  18. ^ "S&P upgrades TCS, Infosys, Wipro to 'A-' from 'BBB+'". Economic Times. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  19. ^ "Infosys buys U.S. automation tech firm for enterprise value of $200 million" (Press release). Reuters. 15 February 2015. 
  20. ^ a b c "Investor Sheet". Infosys.com. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  21. ^ Infosys has a global footprint with offices and development centers across the world., Infoys.com, 21 May 2015 
  22. ^ "Services: The next big thing". The Economist. 19 January 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  23. ^ a b "Infosys to expand its U.S. operations with a new Delivery Center in Wisconsin" (PDF). Infosys.com. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Infosys realigns organisation structure". The Financial Express (India). 16 Feb 2015. 
  25. ^ "Core Banking Systems -- Gartner Says The Debate Has Shifted". Gartner. 26 Nov 2014. 
  26. ^ "Infosys to buy Australian firm Expert for $22.9 m". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  27. ^ "Infosys Media Release — Infosys announces agreement to acquire Expert url=http://www.infosys.com/australia/news/Documents/infosys-acquires-expert.pdf". Infosys. 
  28. ^ "Infosys BPO to acquire US company McCamish". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  29. ^ "Infosys BPO looking for buyouts to double its revenues to $1 bn". Economic Times. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  30. ^ "Infosys BPO signs definitive agreement to acquire Portland Group Pty Ltd in Australia". BizJournals.com. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  31. ^ "Infosys acquires Swiss firm Lodestone for Rs. 1,925 crore". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  32. ^ "Infosys buys automation technology startup Panaya, deal valued at Rs 1200 crore". The Economic Times. 
  33. ^ "Infosys Foundation". Karnataka.com. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  34. ^ "Infosys Foundation". Infosys. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  35. ^ "Academic Entente (AcE)". 13 March 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  36. ^ "Academic Entente". Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  37. ^ "Infosys Ltd". The Times Of India. 
  38. ^ "USC — Infosys CAST". Viterbi School of Engineering. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  39. ^ "Infosys — Queen's University Strategic Partnership — Cyber Security Threats & Consulting". 16 April 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  40. ^ "Infosys, Israel sign pact for industrial R&D". MoneyControl.com. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  41. ^ "Global Academic Relations". Infosys. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  42. ^ "Infosys Prize — Securing India's scientific future". Infosys Science Foundation. Retrieved 7 Jun 2014. 
  43. ^ "7 scientists, academics bag Infosys Prize". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 Jun 2014. 
  44. ^ "Sustainability". Infosys.com. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  45. ^ "Annual Report 2012-13" (PDF). Infosys. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  46. ^ "Infosys touts resort-like campus to attract talent". Deccan Herald. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  47. ^ "Infosys campus reflects commitment to a greener world". Infosys. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  48. ^ a b "Infosys has trained 100,000 graduates at Mysore campus". Mathrubhumi. 1 June 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  49. ^ "Infosys builds world's biggest training centre in Mysore". Mysore Samachar. 9 September. Retrieved 8 September 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  50. ^ a b "Infy plans biggest training centre". Economic Times. 18 June 2004. Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  51. ^ http://gadgets.ndtv.com/others/news/infosys-names-vishal-sikka-as-first-external-ceo-540106?pfrom=home-rightnow
  52. ^ http://www.infosys.com/newsroom/press-releases/Pages/ceo-announcement.aspx
  53. ^ "Infosys to pay its CEO Vishal Sikka Rs. 30 Crores annually". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  54. ^ "Vishal Sikka to be CEO and MD of Infosys from August 1". news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  55. ^ "TCS joins top 10 global IT services companies club". Times of India. 22 Apr 2014. Retrieved 8 Jun 2014. 
  56. ^ "The world's most innovative companies". Forbes. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  57. ^ "Newsweek's Green Rankings 2012". Newsweek. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  58. ^ "The Wall Street Journal Asia 200". WSJ. 2 November 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  59. ^ Preston, Julia (20 August 2012). "Judge dismisses Infosys suit". The New York Times (New York Times). Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  60. ^ "Former Employee Sues Infosys", 9 August 2012, Wall Street Journal
  61. ^ "‘Infosys slashed 80% of my portfolio’", Shayan Ghosh, 14 August 2012, Deccan Herald
  62. ^ "Infosys says settles whistleblower...", 14 Dec 2012, Indian Express
  63. ^ Thibodeau, Patrick. "Whistleblower to continue helping U.S. Infosys probe". Computerworld. Retrieved 2012-09-27. 
  64. ^ "Infosys to pay $34m fine within 10 days. settlement not to affect future visas". Times of India. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  65. ^ "Infosys doesn’t admit to guilt, but will pay $34 mn US visa fine". First Post. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  66. ^ "Infosys settles visa fraud investigation, pays $34m". Times of India. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  67. ^ "Former US employees of Infosys file a law suit". Deccan-Journal. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  68. ^ http://www.indiainfoline.com/article/news-top-story/house-of-fraser-selects-infosys-to-deliver-strategic-retail-transformation-program-115042800283_1.html

External links[edit]