|Key people||Gustavo do Vale, (CEO)|
|Revenue||US$ 2.0 billion (2012)|
|Net income||US$ 52.5 million (2012)|
Empresa Brasileira de Infraestrutura Aeroportuária, Infraero in short, is a Brazilian government corporation created on December 12, 1972 by Law 5,862/1972 and responsible for operating the main Brazilian commercial airports. In 2011 Infraero's airports carried 179,482,228 passengers and 1,464,484 tons of cargo and operated 2,893,631 take-offs and landings. It manages 66 airports, which represent 97% of the regular air carriage activity in Brazil, 81 Air Navigation Stations and 32 Cargo Logistics Terminals. Present all over Brazil the company employs approximately 23 thousand effective and subcontracted workers, nationwide. It is headquartered in the Infraero Building in Brasília, Federal District.
- 1 Investments
- 2 Concessions
- 3 Saturation levels
- 4 Investments related to the 2014 FIFA World Cup
- 5 List of airports administered by Infraero
- 6 Top 10
- 7 Other Brazilian Airports
- 8 See also
- 9 References
The company implements a workplan which covers practically all airports managed by it and which generates over 50 thousand jobs all over Brazil. The Brazilian airport infrastructure, which may match to the international standards, is being updated to meet the next years demand.
The works are performed with the company's own revenue, mainly generated by the air cargo storage and custom duty, granting of commercial areas in the airports, boarding, landing and stay tariffs, and rendering of communication and air navigation auxiliary services.
On 9 October 2009, it was announced that Infraero will invest in airports abroad: Infraero was invited by the Government of Paraguay to administer Silvio Pettirossi International Airport in Asunción and invited to participate in the privatization of Ruzyně Airport in Prague, Czech Republic, among other investments.
On March 4, 2010, the Federal Government of Brazil announced that it would adopt the model of concession to airports. For this reason Infraero would become a concessionary rather than an administrator of the airports that it currently operates. The main consequence is the fact that Infraero will be able to open its capital and obtain resources necessary for infra-structure investiments. Another consequence is that municipal or state governments would have it easier to change concessionaries, such as the intention announced on 28 August 2009 by Rosinha Matheus, the Mayor of Campos dos Goytacazes, who requested Infraero the transfer of the administration of Bartolomeu Lysandro Airport to the Municipality. The Minister of Defense, to whom Infraero was subordinate (currently it belongs to Civil Aviation Secretary), announced being in favor of the transfer.
On April 26, 2011 it was confirmed that in order to speed-up much needed renovation and up-grade works, private companies would be granted a concession to commercially explore some Infraero airports in exchange for the implementation of those works. Listed airports include São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport, Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport, Campinas – Viracopos International Airport, and later Belo Horizonte – Tancredo Neves International Airport and Rio de Janeiro – Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport. The plan was confirmed on May 31, 2011 and it was added that Infraero would retain 49% of the shares of each privatized airport and that negotiations are expected to be concluded on the first half of 2012.
The first concessionary airport is Natal – São Gonçalo do Amarante International Airport, still in construction. On August 22, 2011 its concession was won by the Consortium Inframérica, formed by the Brazilian Engineering Group Engevix (50%) and the Argentinean Group Corporación América (50%), which already operates airports in Argentina (35), Armenia (1), Ecuador (2), Italy (1), Peru (5), and Uruguay (2). After the signature of the contract of concession, works of the passenger and cargo terminals started. Inframérica Consortium has 3 years to build the terminals and is authorized to commercially explore the facility for 25 years (with one possible 5-year extension). The Brazilian Government via Infraero, as per agreement prior to the auction, will be responsible to complete the works of runway, taxiways, apron and control tower. This facility is the only airport in the concessions program in which Infraero will hold no participation.
On an auction that took place on February 6, 2012, the same Consortium Inframérica won the concession of Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport, which will be explored for a period of 25 years; the Consortium Invepar-ACSA composed by the Brazilian Invepar, an Investments and Funds Society (90%) and the South African ACSA – Airports Company South Africa (10%) won the concession for São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport and is authorized to explore the facility for 20 years. ACSA operates airports in South Africa; the Consortium Aeroportos Brasil composed by the Brazilian Triunfo, an Investments and Funds Society (45%) and UTC Engenharia e Participações, an Engineering and Investments Society (45%), and the French Egis Avia (10%) won the concession for Campinas – Viracopos International Airport, to be explored for 30 years. Infraero, will remain with 49% of the shares of the company incorporated for the administration.
Responding to critiques to the situation of its airports, on May 18, 2011 Infraero released a list evaluating some of its most important airports according to its saturation levels. According to the list:
Airports critically saturated, operating above 85% of their capacity
- Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport
- Cuiabá/Várzea Grande – Mal. Rondon International Airport
- São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport
Airports requiring attention, operating between 70% and 85% of their capacity
- Belo Horizonte – Tancredo Neves International Airport
- Campinas – Viracopos International Airport
- Curitiba – Afonso Pena International Airport
- Fortaleza – Pinto Martins International Airport
Airports with good situation, operating with less than 70% of their capacity
- Manaus – Eduardo Gomes International Airport
- Porto Alegre – Salgado Filho International Airport
- Recife – Guararapes/Gilberto Freyre International Airport
- Rio de Janeiro – Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport
- Salvador – Deputado Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport
On 31 August 2009 Infraero unveiled an ambitious BRL5.3 billion (USD2.8 billion; EUR2.0 billion) investment plan to upgrade airports of ten cities focusing mainly the preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup which will be held in Brazil, and for the 2016 Summer Olympics, which will be held in Rio de Janeiro. Of the twelve cities that will hold venues, ten will receive major investments. Natal – Augusto Severo International Airport and Salvador – Dep. Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport were excluded because their upgrade works have been recently completed.
The investments will be distributed as follows (in BRL million):
On going works
- Pampulha/Carlos Drummond de Andrade Airport
- New control tower. Value 5.6. Completion: originally November 2010; postponed to the end of 2012
- Upgrade of general aviation hangars. Value 1.2. Completion: July 2013
- Enlargement of the apron. Value 1.6. Completion: July 2013
- Tancredo Neves International Airport (Confins)
- Extension of runway, enlargement of apron and cargo terminal, construction of further taxiways. Value 120.0. Completion: July 2013
- Renovation of the passenger terminal. Value 215.5. Completion: March 2014
- Enlargement of apron and taxiways. Value 34.5. Completion: April 2011
- Renovation of the existing passenger terminal. Value 22.5. Completion: November 2011
- Enlargement of the passenger terminal. Value 439.0. Completion: April 2013
- Parking. Value 18.8. Completion: April 2014
- Construction of the second runway. Value 314.0. Completion: April 2013
- Construction of phase 1 of a new passenger terminal. Value 2,500.0. Completion: May 2015
- Renovation of passenger terminal, parking and access to the airport. Value 30.9. Completion: October 2012
- Enlargement of the apron and implementation of taxiways. Value 30.0. Completion: March 2011
- Renovation and enlargement of passenger terminal, apron, and parking. Value 525.0. Completion: November 2013
- Enlargement of apron and existing runway. Construction of second runway. Value 600.0. Completion: July 2013
- Enlargement and renovation of the passenger terminal. Value 193.5. Completion: December 2013
- Extension of the runway. Value 122.0. Completion: July 2012
- Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport
- Renovation of passenger terminal 1. Value 314.9. Completion: February 2011
- Completion and renovation of passenger terminal 2. Value 284.0. Completion: May 2012
- Construction of further parking. Value 220.0. Completion: May 2013
- Santos Dumont Airport
- Completion of the renovation of the passenger arrivals terminal. Value 152.2. Completion: November 2011
- Congonhas Airport
- Renovation of the apron. Value 20.6. Completion: January 2012
- Conclusion of the renovation on the south portion of the passenger terminal. Value 67.1. Completion: October 2012
- Renovation of the north portion of the passenger terminal. Value 65.1. Completion: October 2014
- Guarulhos/Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport
- Construction of further taxiways. Value 19.0. Completion: April 2011 (work not yet completed in August 2011)
- Enlargement of apron and taxiways. Value 370.5. Completion: July 2011 (work not yet completed in August 2011)
- Construction of the passenger terminal 3. Value 1,100.0. Completion: March 2014
- Enlargement of Parking. Value 6.8. Completed on July 26, 2010
- Conclusion of the passenger terminal renovation with installation of further 8 jetways. Value: 8.75. Completed on July 1, 2011
- New control tower. Value 11.9. Completed on May 8, 2013
List of airports administered by Infraero
The following airports are administered by Infraero:
- Altamira – Altamira Airport
- Boa Vista – Atlas Brasil Cantanhede International Airport
- Carajás (Parauapebas) – Carajás Airport
- Cruzeiro do Sul – Cruzeiro do Sul International Airport
- Macapá – Alberto Alcolumbre International Airport
- Manaus – Brig. Eduardo Gomes International Airport
- Marabá – Marabá Airport
- Palmas – Brig. Lysias Rodrigues Airport
- Porto Velho – Gov. Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira International Airport
- Rio Branco – Plácido de Castro International Airport
- Santarém – Maestro Wilson Fonseca Airport
- Tabatinga – Tabatinga International Airport
- Tefé – Tefé Airport
- Aracaju – Santa Maria Airport
- Campina Grande – Pres. João Suassuna Airport
- Fortaleza – Pinto Martins International Airport
- Ilhéus – Jorge Amado Airport
- Imperatriz – Pref. Renato Moreira Airport
- João Pessoa – Pres. Castro Pinto International Airport
- Juazeiro do Norte – Orlando Bezerra de Menezes Airport
- Maceió – Zumbi dos Palmares International Airport
- Natal – Augusto Severo International Airport
- Parnaíba – Pref. Dr. João Silva Filho International Airport (Santos Dumont)
- Paulo Afonso – Paulo Afonso Airport
- Petrolina – Sen. Nilo Coelho Airport
- Recife – Guararapes/Gilberto Freyre International Airport
- Salvador da Bahia – Dep. Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport (formerly 2 de Julho)
- São Luís – Mal. Cunha Machado International Airport (Tirirical)
- Teresina – Sen. Petrônio Portella Airport
- Campo Grande – Campo Grande International Airport (Antonio João)
- Corumbá – Corumbá International Airport
- Cuiabá / Várzea Grande – Mal. Rondon International Airport
- Goiânia – Goiânia Airport (Santa Genoveva)
- Ponta Porã – Ponta Porã International Airport
- Belo Horizonte
- Campos dos Goytacazes – Bartolomeu Lysandro Airport
- Macaé – Macaé Airport
- Montes Claros – Mário Ribeiro Airport
- Rio de Janeiro
- São José dos Campos – Prof. Urbano Ernesto Stumpf Airport
- São Paulo
- Uberaba – Mário de Almeida Franco Airport
- Uberlândia – Ten. Cel. Av. César Bombonato Airport
- Vitória – Eurico de Aguiar Salles Airport (Goiabeiras)
- Bagé – Comte. Gustavo Kraemer International Airport
- Criciúma / Forquilhinha – Diomício Freitas Airport
- Florianópolis – Florianópolis International Airport (Hercílio Luz)
- Foz do Iguaçu – Cataratas International Airport
- Joinville – Lauro Carneiro de Loyola Airport
- Londrina – Gov. José Richa Airport
- Navegantes – Min. Victor Konder International Airport
- Pelotas – Pelotas International Airport
- Porto Alegre – Salgado Filho International Airport
- Uruguaiana – Ruben Berta International Airport
The following airports are administrated by concessionaries in which Infraero has minoritary participation in shares:
- Brasília – Pres. Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport (Concession to Inframérica)
- Campinas – Viracopos International Airport (Concession to Aeroportos Brasil)
- Natal – São Gonçalo do Amarante International Airport (in construction, concession to Inframérica)
- São Paulo – Guarulhos-Gov. André Franco Montoro International Airport (Cumbica) (Concession to Invepar-ACSA)
In 2012 those were the top 10 airports according to number of transported passengers, metric tonnes of cargo handled (excluding mail), and number of aircraft operations (domestic and international combined):
Number of transported passengers
- 1 – São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport - 32,177,594
- 2 – Rio de Janeiro – Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport - 17,491,744
- 3 – São Paulo – Congonhas Airport - 16,775,785
- 4 – Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport - 15,665,045
- 5 – Belo Horizonte – Tancredo Neves International Airport - 10,200,348
- 6 – Rio de Janeiro – Santos Dumont Airport - 8,960,345
- 7 – Campinas – Viracopos International Airport - 8,824,074
- 8 – Salvador – Deputado Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport- 8,520,837
- 9 – Porto Alegre – Salgado Filho International Airport - 7,606,507
- 10 – Curitiba – Afonso Pena International Airport - 6,825,666
Metric tonnes of cargo handled (excluding mail)
- 1 – São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport - 448,274
- 2 – Campinas – Viracopos International Airport - 246,219
- 3 – Manaus – Eduardo Gomes International Airport - 156,043
- 4 – Rio de Janeiro – Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport- 118,752
- 5 – Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport - 60,656
- 6 – Curitiba – Afonso Pena International Airport - 44,441
- 7 – Fortaleza – Pinto Martins International Airport - 44,298
- 8 – Recife – Guararapes/Gilberto Freyre International Airport - 30,741
- 9 – Belém – Val de Cans/Júlio Cezar Ribeiro International Airport - 30,594
- 10 – Salvador – Deputado Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport- 27,900
Number of aircraft operations
- 1 – São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport - 273,882
- 2 – São Paulo – Congonhas Airport - 213,164
- 3 – Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport - 194,686
- 4 – Rio de Janeiro – Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport - 154,318
- 5 – São Paulo – Campo de Marte Airport - 143,540
- 6 – Rio de Janeiro – Santos Dumont Airport - 135,373
- 7 – Salvador – Deputado Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport - 121,596
- 8 – Belo Horizonte – Tancredo Neves International Airport - 120,149
- 9 – Campinas – Viracopos International Airport - 115,548
- 10 – Porto Alegre – Salgado Filho International Airport - 96,696
Other Brazilian Airports
Many Brazilian airports are not operated by Infraero. They are mostly civil facilities of relative importance and are under government (public) responsibility. In those cases Infraero does not exert any power. They can be operated by:
- Organizations directly related to State administration, such as in:
- Transportation Secretariats or semi-independent public organizations related to Municipal administration, with the support of State administration, such as in:
- Private concessionaries from Municipalities, as in the case of Cabo Frio International Airport;
- Private initiative, as in the case of Ipatinga – Usiminas Airport.
Furthermore, Infraero does not have any control or responsibility over Brazilian military bases which are entirely operated by the Air Force or Navy Commands of the Brazilian Ministry of Defense. One of those Air Force Bases has a civilian terminal with scheduled operations:
- Infraero, os primeiros 16 anos 1973-1989: Memória de uma empresa - História da Infraero período da idealização até 1989, 1a. parte, a criação, o presente, a perspectiva do futuro (in Portuguese). Infraero. 1989. p. 40.
- "Infraero Statistics for the Airport" (in Portuguese). Infraero.
- "The Company." Infraero. Retrieved on May 2, 2010.
- "Infraero em expansão no país e no exterior". Valor Econômico. 9 October 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- Romero, Cristiano; Costa, Raymundo (4 February 2010). "Governo adota modelo de concessão para aeroportos". Valor Econômico.
- Note about the intention of change of airport administrator Jornal do Brasil, 28 August 2009
- Bitencourt, Rafael (April 26, 2011). "Governo define concessão de obras em 3 aeroportos, diz Palocci" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- Salomon, Marta; Monteiro, Tânia (June 1, 2011). "Governo pretende privatizar três aeroportos e abrir o capital da Infraero" (in Portuguese). O Estado de São Paulo: Economia. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
- Bitencourt, Rafael (May 13, 2011). "ANAC corrige data do leilão do aeroporto de São Gonçalo (RN)" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- Guimarães, Ligia (August 22, 2011). "Consórcio Inframérica vence leilão de aeroporto São Gonçalo do Amarante" (in Portuguese). G1. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- Rittner, Daniel (February 7, 2012). "Cumbica, Viracopos e Brasília são privatizados" (in Portuguese). Valor Econômico. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Salomon, Marta; Monteiro, Tânia (June 1, 2011). "Governo pretende privatizar três aeroportos e abrir o capital da Infraero" (in Portuguese). O Estado de São Paulo: Economia. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- "Brazil moves swiftly (at last) to award airport concessions". CAPA. February 9, 2012. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- Salomon, Marta; Monteiro, Tânia (19 May 2011). "Governo muda critério de avaliação e 'melhora' desempenho de aeroportos" (in Portuguese). O Estado de São Paulo. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "Infraero vai gastar R$5 bi em reforma de aeroportos" (in Portuguese). Valor Econômico. 31 August 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- Schapochnik, Claudio (1 June 2011). "Pampulha (BH) terá nova torre de controle, diz Infraero" (in Portuguese). Panrotas. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
- "Aeroporto de Confins (MG) amplia estacionamento de veículos" (in Portuguese). Jornal de Turismo. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
- "Infraero conclui obra no Aeroporto Internacional do Recife" (in Portuguese). Diário de Pernambuco. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- "Congonhas: nova torre começa a funcionar" (in Portuguese). O Estado de São Paulo. May 8, 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- "Aeroportos" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Retrieved 3 March 2011.
- "Movimento Operacional da Rede Infraero de janeiro a dezembro de 2012" (in Portuguese). Infraero. January 14, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2012.