Ingeborg of Denmark, Queen of Norway

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Ingeborg Eriksdatter
Queen consort of Norway
Reign 1263–1280
Spouse Magnus VI of Norway
House House of Estridsen (by birth)
House of Sverre (Fairhair dynasty)
(by marriage)
Father Eric IV of Denmark
Mother Jutta of Saxony
Born 1244
Denmark
Died 1287
Religion Roman Catholicism
Danish Royalty
House of Estridsen
National Coat of arms of Denmark no crown.svg
Eric IV Ploughpenny
Children
   Christopher Eriksen
   Canute Eriksen
   Sophia, Queen of Sweden
   Ingeborg, Queen of Norway
   Jutta, Abbess of St. Agneta
   Agnes, Abbess of St. Agneta

Ingeborg Eriksdotter (ca. 1244 – 24/26 March 1287) was a Danish princess. She was married to King Magnus VI of Norway and was Queen consort of Norway. Later as Queen dowager, she played an important part in politics during the minority of her son King Eirik II of Norway.[1]

Biography[edit]

Ingeborg was born the daughter of Eric IV of Denmark and Jutta of Saxony. Ingeborg was only about six years-old when her father was killed. Her mother returned in Saxony and married Count Burchard VIII of Querfurt-Rosenburg. In large part, Ingeborg and her three sisters lived in the court of her uncle King Christopher I of Denmark and Queen Margaret Sambiria. The four sisters were heirs to substantial lands in Denmark. The struggle to claim Ingeborg's inheritance from her murdered father would later involved Norway in intermittent conflicts with Denmark for decades to come.

Ingeborg was promised in marriage by the Danish regency government to crown prince Magnus, the son and heir of King Haakon IV of Norway. Ingeborg arrived in Tønsberg on 28 July 1261, after she being retrieved at the instruction of King Haakon from the monastery in Horsens (dominikanerkloster ved Horsens). On 11 September 1261, she married Prince Magnus in Bergen. Magnus and Ingeborg were crowned directly after their marriage, and Magnus was given the district of Ryfylke for his personal upkeep. The marriage was described as happy.[2]

On 16 December 1263 King Haakon IV of Norway died while fighting the Scottish king over the Hebrides, and Magnus became the ruler of Norway. Ingeborg is not known to have played any part in politics as his queen. Two of their sons would later become Kings of Norway: Eirik II of Norway (1268–1299) and Haakon V of Norway (1270–1319).

In 1280, she became a widow. Ingeborg was an important figure in the leadership of the country during the minority of King Eirik, though she was not formally named regent. Her influence grew after her son was declared adult in 1283. Her principal ally was Alv Erlingsson, who had been a second cousin of her husband King Magnus and served as the governor Borgarsyssel which today makes up the county of Østfold.

During the reign of her cousin King Eric V of Denmark, Ingeborg begun a feud regarding her inheritance, which had never been given her. This largely private feud caused hostility between Norway and the German Hanseatic cities and a tense relationship with Denmark. Several Danish nobles, including Count Jacob of Halland, took her side against the Danish monarch, but she died before the affair was finished.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

Other sources[edit]

Preceded by
Rikissa Birgersdotter
1251–1257
Queen Consort of Norway
1263–1280
Succeeded by
Margaret of Scotland
1281–1283