||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
Street in Ingolsheim
|Intercommunality||Pays de Wissembourg|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Jeannot Nussbaum|
|• Land1||4.46 km2 (1.72 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||66/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||67222 / 67250|
|Elevation||146–205 m (479–673 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The commune is part of the North-Vosges Natural park.
Ingolsheim is a small village with an economy based on agriculture. During the second half of the twentieth century French agriculture became very much more mechanized than hitherto, and many villagers work in the surrounding towns.
The origins of Ingolsheim go back more than a thousand years. It appears as "Ingoldeshaha" in an imperial record of Otto II, from the year 967. The name mutated through various versions before becoming "Ingolsheim".
The Second World War was rendered the more shocking for the villagers by to the proximity of the Maginot line, less than a kilometre away, and in particular the nearby Schoenenbourg fortifications. The village was one of many Alsatian communities located near the frontier to be evacuated to Haute-Vienne, in this case to the village of Bessines-sur-Gartempe.
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