Ingrian language

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Ingrian
ižoran keel
Native to Russia
Region Ingria
Ethnicity Izhorians
Native speakers
120  (2010 census)[1]
Uralic
Language codes
ISO 639-3 izh

Ingrian (also called Izhorian) is a nearly extinct Finnic language spoken by the (mainly Orthodox) Izhorians of Ingria. It has approximately 120  speakers left, most of whom are aging. It should not be confused with the Southeastern dialects of the Finnish language that became the majority language of Ingria in the 17th century with the influx of Lutheran Finnish immigrants (whose descendants, Ingrian Finns, are often referred to as Ingrians). The immigration of Lutheran Finns was promoted by Swedish authorities (who gained the area in 1617 from Russia), as the local population was (and remained) Orthodox.

History[edit]

In 1932–1937, a Latin-based orthography for the Ingrian language existed, taught in schools of the Soikino Peninsula and the area around the mouth of the Luga River.[2] Several textbooks were published, including, in 1936, a grammar of the language. However, in 1937 the Izhorian written language was abolished and mass repressions of the peasantry began.[2]

Alphabet[edit]

A a Ä ä B b V v G g D d E e Ƶ ƶ
Z z I i J j K k L l M m N n O o
Ö ö P p R r S s T t U u F f H h
C c Ç ç Ş ş Ь ь

Grammar[edit]

Like other Uralic languages, Ingrian is a highly agglutinative language.

Nouns[edit]

Adjectives[edit]

Verbs[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ingrian at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ a b Kurs, Ott (1994). Ingria: The broken landbridge between Estonia and Finland. GeoJournal 33.1, 107–113.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Paul Ariste 1981. Keelekontaktid. Tallinn: Valgus. [pt. 2.6. Kolme läänemere keele hääbumine lk. 76 – 82] (Estonian)

External links[edit]