Ingrid Kristiansen

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Ingrid Kristiansen
Medal record
Women's Athletics
Representing  Norway
World Championships
Bronze 1980 Sittard 3000 metres
Gold 1987 Rome 10,000 m
European Championships
Gold 1986 Stuttgart 10,000 m
Bronze 1982 Athens Marathon

Ingrid Kristiansen née Christensen (born 21 March 1956 in Trondheim, Norway), was one of the best female long distance runners during the 1980s. She finished in fourth place in the first women's Olympic marathon race, at the 1984 Summer Olympics,[1] and was a World Champion on the track, roads and cross-country. Kristiansen was the first athlete to win World titles on all three surfaces.[2] Early in her career, she was also an elite cross country skier, winning several Norwegian and one European junior championships.

Career[edit]

Kristiansen started her career quite unremarkably, running 2:30 - 2:40 for her first few marathons. She won a medal in the 3000 metres at the 1980 World Championships in Athletics, taking the bronze. It was not until she gave birth to her first son, Gaute, that she began to improve. After winning the Houston Marathon and the London Marathon in 1984, she placed fourth in the first Olympic women's marathon in Los Angeles. She also set two track world records in the 5,000m (14:58.9) and the 10,000m (30:59.14) at the Bislett Games in Oslo.

In 1985 she won the London Marathon again in a new world record of 2:21:06, smashing Joan Benoit's world record of 2:22:43, set in the Boston Marathon in 1983. Later that year she lost to Joan Benoit in the Chicago Marathon, running 2:23:05 for second place.

1986 was Kristiansen's best year in track. After she won the Boston Marathon in hot conditions, she set a new world record in the 10,000m (30:13.3), smashing her own world record from 1984. Then she broke the 5,000m world record, running 14:37.89. After that she broke the half marathon world record in Sandnes, running 1:06:40, but the course was not certified and the record still remained Joan Benoit's. She won the Chicago Marathon, once again in hot and humid conditions, running 2:27:08. She ended the year winning the European Championships 10,000m gold medal, running the 2nd fastest time ever (30:23.3) and nearly 40 seconds ahead of the second place finisher.

In 1987 Kristiansen attempted to break her marathon world record in London, but she slowed in the second half and won in 2:22:48. She won the first World Championships Women's 10,000m in Rome, despite a leg injury that hindered her performance.

Healed from the injury, in 1988 she won the London Marathon for the fourth time, finishing in a time of 2:25:41. Despite a 1:09 first half, she slowed dramatically in the second half, however she was still five minutes ahead of any other woman. At the Olympic Games in Seoul, she participated in the 10,000m, and even though she was the heavy favourite, she dropped out after seven laps with a fractured bone in her foot.

She returned to racing in 1989 with a win in the Boston Marathon, running 2:24:33 despite the heat in the latter stages. She decided to not run any track races that year, but she still won a few road races in Europe. Her final marathon was the 1989 New York City Marathon, which she won in a time of 2:25:30, running away with it from the start. Gradually she raced less and less, despite winning the 1990 City-Pier-City Loop in the Hague. She retired in 1993.

Now she cross country skis often and lives with her two children and husband in Oslo, Norway. Along with Grete Waitz, she opened up a new generation of Norwegian runners. She was known for carrying out a big deal of her training on the treadmill, along with laughing often before a race.

Achievements[edit]

Year Competition Venue Position Event Notes
Representing  Norway
1980 Stockholm Marathon Stockholm, Sweden 1st Marathon 2:38:45
1981 Stockholm Marathon Stockholm, Sweden 1st Marathon 2:41:34
New York City Marathon New York, United States 2nd Marathon 2:30:08[3]
1982 Stockholm Marathon Stockholm, Sweden 1st Marathon 2:34:26
European Championships Athens, Greece 3rd Marathon 2:36:38
New York City Marathon New York, United States 5th Marathon 2:33:36
1983 Houston Marathon Houston, United States 1st Marathon 2:33:27
1984 Houston Marathon Houston, United States 1st Marathon 2:27:51
World Cross Country Championships New York, United States 4th
London Marathon London, United Kingdom 1st Marathon 2:24:26
Olympic Games Los Angeles, United States 4th Marathon 2:27:14
1985 World Cross Country Championships Lisbon, Portugal 3rd
London Marathon London, United Kingdom 1st Marathon 2:21:06
Chicago Marathon Chicago, United States 2nd Marathon 2:23:05
1986 Boston Marathon Boston, United States 1st Marathon 2:24:55
European Championships Stuttgart, West Germany 1st 10,000 m 30:23.25
Chicago Marathon Chicago, United States 1st Marathon 2:27:08
1987 World Cross Country Champiuonships Warsaw, Poland 3rd
London Marathon London, United Kingdom 1st Marathon 2:22:48
World Championships Rome, Italy 1st 10,000 m 31:05.85
World Road Race Championships Monte Carlo, Monaco 1st 15 km 47:17
1988 World Road Race Championships Adelaide, Australia 1st 15 km 48:24
World Cross Country Championships Auckland, New Zealand 1st
London Marathon London, United Kingdom 1st Marathon 2:25:41
Olympic Games Seoul, South Korea 10,000 m DNF
1989 Boston Marathon Boston, United States 1st Marathon 2:24:33
New York City Marathon New York, United States 1st Marathon 2:25:30
1991 World Championships Tokyo, Japan 7th 10,000 m 32:10.75

Note: The 1987 World Road Race Championship was held in November while the 1988 edition was held in March.

World Records[edit]

  • Broke 5000 m world record with 14:58.89 in Oslo, 28 June 1984 - first woman to run under 15 minutes.
  • Broke 5000 m world record with 14:37.33 in Stockholm, 5 August 1986
  • Broke 10,000 m world record with 30:59.42 in Oslo, 27 July 1985 - first woman to run under 31 minutes.
  • Broke 10,000 m world record with 30:13.74 in Oslo, 5 July 1986
  • Broke Marathon world record with 2:21:06 in London, 21 April 1985 - record stood for 13 years.

Other[edit]

Personal bests[edit]

Distance Mark Date Location
3000 m 8:34.10 13 August 1986 Zurich
5000m 14:37.33 5 August 1986 Stockholm
10000 m 30:13.74 5 July 1986 Oslo
10 km (road) 30:59 9 April 1989 Boston
15 km (road) 47:17 21 November 1987 Monaco
Half Marathon 1:06:40 19 March 1987 Sandnes
Marathon 2:21:06 21 April 1985 London

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Jan Merrill
Mary Decker
Zola Budd
Women's 5,000 m World Record Holder
11 July 1981 – 6 September 1981
28 June 1984 – 26 August 1985
5 August 1986 – 22 July 1995
Succeeded by
Elena Sipatova
Zola Budd
Fernanda Ribeiro
Preceded by
Joan Benoit
Women's Marathon World Record Holder
21 April 1985 – 19 April 1998
Succeeded by
Tegla Loroupe
Preceded by
Olga Bondarenko
Women's 10,000 m World Record Holder
27 July 1985 – 8 September 1993
Succeeded by
Wang Junxia
Preceded by
Joan Benoit
Women's Half Marathon World Record Holder
5 April 1987 – 14 October 2007
Succeeded by
Lornah Kiplagat
Awards
Preceded by
Birger Ruud
Egebergs Ærespris
1992
Succeeded by
Anita Andreassen
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Marja Wokke
Egmond Women's Half Marathon Winner
1982
Succeeded by
Annie van Stiphout
Preceded by
Zola Budd
Zola Budd
Women's 5,000 m Best Year Performance
1984
1986
Succeeded by
Zola Budd
Liz McColgan
Preceded by
Carla Beurskens
Zevenheuvelenloop Women's Winner (15 km)
1991
Succeeded by
Tegla Loroupe