Ini Kamoze

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Ini Kamoze
Ini Kamoze 980916.jpg
Ini Kamoze in 1998
Background information
Birth name Cecil Campbell
Born (1957-10-09) 9 October 1957 (age 57)
Origin Saint Mary, Jamaica
Genres Reggae, dancehall, reggaefusion
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1981–present
Labels 9 SoundClik
Columbia/SME Records
EastWest Records
Mango Records
Island Records
Website www.inikamoze.com

Ini Kamoze (/ˈni kəˈmzi/), born Cecil Campbell on 9 October 1957,[1] is a Jamaican reggae singer noted for his 1994 signature song "Here Comes the Hotstepper". Kamoze's single topped the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 as well record charts in Denmark and New Zealand, reaching number four on the UK Singles Chart[2][3] when featured in the Prêt-à-Porter soundtrack.

Career[edit]

He made his first single, "World Affairs", in 1981.[1] Kamoze then released a 12-inch single "Trouble You A Trouble Me"/"General" in 1983.[1]

His self-titled debut album was released in 1984 as a six track mini-LP on Island Records.[1] In the album notes he describes himself as a "pencil thin... disentangled... six-foot vegetarian".[4] The album included the song "World a Music (Out In The Streets They Call It Merther)",[5] which was to be sampled by Damian Marley on his 2005 hit "Welcome to Jamrock".[6][7] The album was recorded with and produced by Sly and Robbie, with whom he also toured internationally along with Yellowman and Half Pint.[4][8][9][10] By 1988, however, Kamoze had effectively disappeared from the music scene following lukewarm reactions to his intermittent releases.[4]

Kamoze founded his own label, releasing a compilation album Selekta Showcase which featured a popular Kamoze single titled "Stress".[1] Four years later he released his next album, 16 Vibes of Ini Kamoze, which sold well.[1]

In 1994, Kamoze released the song which would become his signature, "Here Comes the Hotstepper". Adopting another nickname from the song title, Kamoze would become known as the "Hotstepper", from the patois for a man on the run from the law. The song was originally recorded with Philip "Fatis" Burrell and later remixed by Salaam Remi, and initially featured on a reggae music compilation Stir It Up, released on the Epic label.[1][11] "Here Comes the Hotstepper" was not an entirely new composition, having roots in the song "Land of 1000 Dances", which was a number one R&B hit for Wilson Pickett in 1966 and was first recorded by Chris Kenner in 1962 and reprised in 1963 by Fats Domino.[1][11] The remixed version of the track also incorporates the bass line from Taana Gardner's 1981 single "Heartbeat".[12] The song appeared on the soundtrack to the fashion-industry satire feature film Prêt-à-Porter.[4][10] "Here Comes the Hotstepper" remains Kamoze's only US number one hit (see Hot 100 No. 1 Hits of 1994).[4]

The success of the single sparked an intense bidding war with several major labels hoping to sign him.[13][14] Kamoze signed a seven album deal with Elektra Records in November 1994.[15]

Kamoze's career after this high-water mark featured the compilation album Here Comes the Hotstepper which was released in 1995 by Columbia Records (against Kamoze's wishes), around the same time as his first album for Elektra, Lyrical Gangsta.[1][14][16]

Both the riddim (known as "World Jam") and the hook of Damian Marley's 2005 hit "Welcome to Jamrock" were sampled from Kamoze's 1984 track "World-A-Music".[6] The opening line — "Out in the streets, they call it merther" — has been sampled in countless drum and bass and dubstep tracks. His dub version of "Here Comes the Hotstepper", otherwise known as "I'm Steppin' it Hotter This Year", released in 1993, remains a dancehall anthem.[citation needed]

In 2005, Kamoze recorded and released a double album, Debut, on which he re-recorded a number of tracks from earlier in his career.[17] Debut was released on his own 9 Sound Clik label.[7][17]

The artist's most recent album release is 2009's 51 50 Rule. The album includes tracks such as "Rapunzel" (feat. Maya Azucena) and "Hungry Daze". The album also had some guest features from Sizzla ("R.A.W"), and Busy Signal ("Ta Da Bang"). This was his second album released on the 9 Sound Clik label.[18][19]

Kamoze has also written a book on the history of Port Royal, and a play, Runnings.[13]

His name means "mountain of the true God".[13]

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

Studio albums
  • Ini Kamoze (1984), Island
  • Statement (1984), Mango
  • Pirate (1986), Mango
  • Shocking Out (1988), RAS
  • Lyrical Gangsta (1995), East West America/Elektra
  • Debut (2006), 9 Sound Clik
  • 51 50 Rule (2009), 9 Sound Clik[20]
Compilation albums

Singles[edit]

Year Single Peak positions Album
AUS
AUT
BEL
(Fl)
BEL
(Wa)
FRA
[21]
NED
NOR
NZ
SWE
SWI UK
US
Hot
100

1994 "Here Comes the Hotstepper" 2 6 3 3 2 16 4 1 5 4 4 1 Here Comes the Hotstepper

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Biography by Michael Belfiore". Musicianguide.com. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  2. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 296. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 
  3. ^ "Ini Kamoze", Official Charts Company. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  4. ^ a b c d e Brennan, Sandra. "Biography". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "when ini Kamoze first sang the song, the word was 'merther'" - Kenner (2006)
  6. ^ a b Jeffries, David (2005-09-13). "Welcome to Jamrock - Damian "Junior Gong" Marley : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  7. ^ a b Kenner, Rob (2006) "Boomshots", Vibe, January 2006, p. 137. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  8. ^ Broughton, Simon et al (2000) World Music: The Rough Guide (Latin and North America, Caribbean, India, Asia and Pacific), Rough Guides, ISBN 978-1858286365, p. 454
  9. ^ Vare, Ethlie Ann (1986) "The Taxi Gang, Sly Dunbar & Robbie Shakespeare, Ini Kamoze, Yellowman, Half Pint, Universal Amphitheatre", Billboard, 15 November 1986, p. 29. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  10. ^ a b Moskowitz, David V. (2006) Caribbean Popular Music: an Encyclopedia of Reggae, Mento, Ska, Rock Steady, and Dancehall, Greenwood Press, ISBN 978-0313331589, pp. 146-7
  11. ^ a b Kenner, Rob (1995) "Next: Ini Kamoze - Here Comes the Hotstepper", Vibe, February 1995. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  12. ^ Aaron, Charles (1995) "Singles: Ini Kamoze - Here Comes the Hotstepper", Spin, February 1995, p. 80. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  13. ^ a b c Atwood, Brett (1994) "Labels Stepping Over Each Other in Race for Kamoze", Billboard, 12 November 1994, p. 10, 109. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  14. ^ a b Atwood, Brett (1995) "Kamoze Competes Against Himself", Billboard, 4 March 1995, p. 8, 96. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  15. ^ Lichtman, Irv (1994) "Kamoze Signs Elektra Deal", Billboard, 26 November 1994, p. 136. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  16. ^ "Sony Baloney", Vibe, June–July 1995, p. 32. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  17. ^ a b Kwaaku (2006) "Hotstepper Returns", Billboard, 1 April 2006, p. 41. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  18. ^ Cooke, Mel (2007) "Ini Kamoze defines 'My Girl'", Jamaica Gleaner, 20 July 2007. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  19. ^ Cooke, Mel (2009) "CD review - Snipping would make Ini Kamoze's '51 50 Rule' even better", Jamaica Gleaner, 25 September 2009. Retrieved 23 December 2012
  20. ^ Brennan, Sandra (1957-10-09). "Ini Kamoze - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-11-14. 
  21. ^ LesCharts.com: La Fouine discography

External links[edit]