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The knee of a patient is examined with the help of radiography after an injury.

An injury is the damage to a biological organism caused by physical harm.[1] Major trauma is injury that can potentially lead to serious outcomes.


The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics developed the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS). Under this system injuries are classified by

  • nature,
  • part of body affected,
  • source and secondary source, and
  • event or exposure.

The OIICS was first published in 1992 and has been updated several times since.[2]

The World Health Organization developed the International Classification of External Causes of Injury (ICECI). Under this system, injuries are classified by

  • mechanism of injury,
  • objects/substances producing injury,
  • place of occurrence,
  • activity when injured,
  • the role of human intent,

and additional modules. The classification is designed to allow researchers to study the cause of injuries and injury prevention.[3]

The Orchard Sports Injury Classification System (OSICS) is used to classify injuries to enable research into specific sports injuries.[4]

By ultimate cause[edit]

By modality[edit]

By location[edit]

By activity[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Wounds and Injuries: MedlinePlus". Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  2. ^ "Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  3. ^ "International Classification of External Causes of Injury (ICECI)". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  4. ^ Rae, K; Orchard, J (May 2007). "The Orchard Sports Injury Classification System (OSICS) version 10". Clin J Sport Med. 17 (3): 201–4. doi:10.1097/jsm.0b013e318059b536. PMID 17513912. 
  5. ^ "Trauma"., LLC. 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-31.