Inkster, Michigan

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Inkster, Michigan
City
City of Inskter
Michigan Avenue at Beech Daly Road, facing west
Michigan Avenue at Beech Daly Road, facing west
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°17′33″N 83°18′51″W / 42.29250°N 83.31417°W / 42.29250; -83.31417Coordinates: 42°17′33″N 83°18′51″W / 42.29250°N 83.31417°W / 42.29250; -83.31417
Country United States
State Michigan
County Wayne
Settled 1835
Incorporation 1926 (village)
1964 (city)
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Hilliard Hampton
 • City Manager Ann Capela
Area[1]
 • Total 6.25 sq mi (16.19 km2)
 • Land 6.25 sq mi (16.19 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 623 ft (190 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 25,369
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 24,962
 • Density 4,059.0/sq mi (1,567.2/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 48141
Area code(s) 313, 734
FIPS code 26-40680[4]
GNIS feature ID 0629039[5]
Website http://www.cityofinkster.com/

Inkster is a city in Wayne County, Michigan, United States. At the 2010 census, the city population was 25,369.[6] It is one of the few Metro Detroit suburbs whose population is majority African American.

History[edit]

The area was originally inhabited by Native Americans, but was settled by non-indigenous people in 1825. A post office named "Moulin Rouge" was established there in December 1857. Robert Inkster, a Scotsman born March 27, 1828, in Lerwick, Shetland,[7] operated a steam sawmill on present-day Inkster Road near Michigan Avenue in the early 1860s.

The post office was renamed Inkster in July 1863. The village had a station on the Michigan Central Railroad by 1878. It incorporated as a village in 1926 from parts of Nankin Township and Dearborn Township. After much legal wrangling by the city of Dearborn, Dearborn Township, and the village of Inkster to sort out final borders for these communities, Inkster was incorporated as a city in 1964.[8][9]

Around the 1920s and 1930s black people working in Henry Ford's factories settled in Inkster because they did not want to commute from Detroit and they were not allowed to live in Dearborn.[10]

Crime[edit]

Inkster had a crime rate of 750.2 per 100,000 residents in 2012, in comparison to the national average of 301.1.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.25 square miles (16.19 km2), all land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 4,440
1940 7,044 58.6%
1950 16,728 137.5%
1960 39,097 133.7%
1970 38,595 −1.3%
1980 35,190 −8.8%
1990 30,772 −12.6%
2000 30,115 −2.1%
2010 25,369 −15.8%
Inkster City Hall

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 25,369 people, 9,821 households, and 6,175 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,059.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,567.2 /km2). There were 11,647 housing units at an average density of 1,863.5 per square mile (719.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 20.5% White, 73.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population.

There were 9,821 households of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.7% were married couples living together, 30.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.24.

The median age in the city was 34.2 years. 27.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 11.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[4] there were 30,115 people, 11,169 households and 7,460 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,808.1 per square mile (1,857.4/km²). There were 12,013 housing units at an average density of 1,918.0 per square mile (740.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 28.7% White, 67.51% African American, 0.41% Native American, 3.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 2.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.60% of the population.

There were 11,169 households, of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.0% were married couples living together, 26.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.26.

Age distribution was 29.8% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median household income was $35,950, and the median family income was $41,176. Males had a median income of $37,986 versus $26,567 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,711. About 15.2% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The city had 63 police officers in 2010. In 2013 it had 25 police officers. Inkster Justice Center, which is to house the Inkster Police Deprtment and the 22nd District Court, is scheduled to be opened in Spring 2014. Financed with bond funds, it had a cost of $7.7 million and had a shortfall of about $400,000 in the construction fund.[12]

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Portions of Inkster are within the Wayne-Westland Community Schools, Westwood Community Schools, Taylor School District, and the Romulus School District.[13]

Westwood operates the Daly Elementary School and the Tomlinson Middle School in Inkster.[14][15] Robichaud High School in Dearborn Heights is the district high school.

Wayne-Westland operates David Hicks Elementary School in Inkster.[16] The portions of Inkster that have been located in the Wayne-Westland district prior to the dissolution of Inkster Public Schools are zoned to Hicks.[17][18] One portion of the Hicks zone is assigned to Marshall Upper Elementary School,[19] Stevenson Middle School in Westland,[20] John Glenn High School, all in Westland.[21] Another portion of the Hicks zone is assigned to Adams Upper Elementary School in Westland,[22] Franklin Middle School in Wayne,[23] and Wayne Memorial High School in Wayne.[24]

Portions of Inkster that had been in the Taylor School District prior to the dissolution of the Inkster School District are assigned to Taylor Parks Elementary School,[25] Hoover Middle School,[26] and Harry S. Truman High School in Taylor.[27]

Romulus Senior High School is the Romulus district's secondary school.

History of education[edit]

Inkster High School, now closed

Previously most of Inkster was within the Inkster Public Schools district. As of Summer 2013, the Inkster Public Schools District was entirely dissolved.[28] The remaining students were split up among the Taylor, Romulus, Wayne-Westland and Westwood districts.[13] Inkster High School, the high school of the Inkster district, closed in 2013.[29] Areas were given to the new districts by quadrants. Students north of Michigan Avenue and west of Middlebelt were rezoned to Wayne-Westland. Students north of Michigan Avenue and east of Middlebelt were rezoned to Westwood. Students south of Michigan Avenue and west of Middlebelt were rezoned to Romulus. Students south of Michigan and east of Middlebelt were rezoned to Taylor.[30]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Inkster, Michigan
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Inkster city, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  7. ^ "City of Inkster, Wayne County, Michigan". Michigan American Local History Network. Archived from the original on February 17, 2005. Retrieved November 21, 2006. 
  8. ^ "History". DearbornAreaLiving.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  9. ^ Romig, Walter (1986) [1973]. Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X. 
  10. ^ Binelli, p. 25. "The blacks working at the Rouge didn't necessarily want to commute all the way from Detroit but they weren't welcome in Dearborn, so they began settling in the regrettably named suburb of Inkster (which in fact commemorates an early Scottish settler, Robert Inkster)."
  11. ^ http://www.city-data.com/crime/crime-Inkster-Michigan.html
  12. ^ "Inkster police, community suffer under money woes." Detroit Free Press. October 27, 2013. Retrieved on November 2, 2013.
  13. ^ a b "Home (Archive) Inkster Public Schools. Retrieved on November 2, 2013.
  14. ^ Home. Daly Elementary School. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  15. ^ Home. Tomlinson Middle School. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  16. ^ "Welcome to Hicks Elementary School!" David Hicks Elementary School. Retrieved on April 20, 2014. "Hicks Elementary School 100 Helen Inkster, Michigan 48141"
  17. ^ "Zoning Map" (Archive). City of Inkster. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  18. ^ "Hicks Elementary School" (Archive) Wayne-Westland Community Schools. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  19. ^ "Marshall Upper Elementary School" (Archive). Wayne-Westland Community Schools. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  20. ^ "Stevenson Middle School" (Archive) Wayne-Westland Community Schools. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  21. ^ "johnglenn.pdf." (Archive) Wayne-Westland Community Schools. Retrieved on November 2, 2013.
  22. ^ "adams.pdf." (Archive) Wayne-Westland Community Schools. Retrieved on November 2, 2013.
  23. ^ "franklin.pdf." (Archive) Wayne-Westland Community Schools. Retrieved on November 2, 2013.
  24. ^ "waynemem.pdf." (Archive) Wayne-Westland Community Schools. Retrieved on November 2, 2013.
  25. ^ "Elementary School Boundary Map." Taylor School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  26. ^ "Middle School Boundary Map." Taylor School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  27. ^ "High School Boundary Map." Taylor School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
  28. ^ "Dissolution of Inkster Public Schools." (Archive) Wayne County RESA Board of Education. Retrieved on November 2, 2013.
  29. ^ Cook, Everett. "At Gardner's alma mater, a school with no students." Michigan Daily. October 3, 2013. p. 1. Retrieved on November 2, 2013.
  30. ^ Smith, Brian. "Inkster schools first to be dissolved; students split across 4 districts." Mlive. July 26, 2013. Retrieved on November 2, 2013.

External links[edit]