Atid

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This article is about the commune. For the political party, see Atid (political party).
Atid
Etéd
Commune
Skyline of Atid
Location of Atid
Location of Atid
Atid is located in Romania
Atid
Atid
Location of Atid
Coordinates: 46°27′0″N 25°3′0″E / 46.45000°N 25.05000°E / 46.45000; 25.05000Coordinates: 46°27′0″N 25°3′0″E / 46.45000°N 25.05000°E / 46.45000; 25.05000
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor László Szőcs[2] (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Area
 • Total 140.28 km2 (54.16 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,480[1]
 • Density 20.23/km2 (52.4/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 537005
Area code(s) +40 266
Website www.atid.ro

Atid (Hungarian: Etéd, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈɛteːd] ( )) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

Component villages[edit]

The commune is composed of five villages:

In Romanian In Hungarian
Atid Etéd About this sound Listen
Crişeni Kőrispatak About this sound Listen
Cuşmed Küsmöd About this sound Listen
Inlăceni Énlaka About this sound Listen
Şiclod Siklód About this sound Listen

History[edit]

From the ancient times the area was populated by Dacians. After the Roman conquest of Dacia, the Romans imposed their control in the area by constructing a fort known as Praetoria Augusta situated on Inlăceni village. The fort has been discovered in 1858.

18th century map

The villages were historically part of the Székely Land region of Transylvania province. They belonged to Udvarhely district until the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, when they fell within the Udvarhely County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, they became part of Romania and fell within Odorhei County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted the Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureş-Magyar Autonomous Region. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

The Reformed church was built in 1802, on the place of the 17th century church which had been destroyed in the great fire of 8 September 1792. The Roman Catholic parish church was built in 1876 in honor of St. Michael, its tower was completed in 1889. The village used to be famous for its weekly fairs.

Demographics[edit]

The commune has an absolute Székely Hungarian majority. According to the 2002 census it has a population of 2,837 of which 98.37% or 2,791 are Hungarian.[3][4]

Villages[edit]

Inlăceni[edit]

Inlăceni (Hungarian: Énlaka, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈeːnlɒkɒ]) had 228 inhabitants in 1992, all of them Székely Hungarians. As in the village's vicinity, most inhabitants belong to the Unitarian Church of Transylvania.[5]

References[edit]