Innere Stadt

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This article is about the 1st municipal district of Vienna. For the 1st city district of the city of Graz, see Innere Stadt (Graz).
Innere Stadt
1st District of Vienna
Coat of arms of Innere Stadt
Coat of arms
Location of the district within Vienna
Location of the district within Vienna
Country Austria
City Vienna
Government
 • District Director Ursula Stenzel (ÖVP)
 • First Deputy Gundula Schatz (ÖVP)
 • Second Deputy Georg Niedermühlbichler (SPÖ)
 • Representation
   (40 Members)
ÖVP 16, SPÖ 10, Greens 8,
FPÖ 4, WIR 2
Area
 • Total 2.88 km2 (1.11 sq mi)
Population (2014-01-01)[1]
 • Total 16,131
 • Density 5,600/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Postal code A-1010
Address of
District Office
Wipplingerstraße 8
A-1011 Wien
Website www.wien.gv.at
  /bezirke/innerestadt/

The Innere Stadt (German: Innere Stadt) is the 1st municipal District of Vienna (German: 1. Bezirk). The Innere Stadt is the Old Town of Vienna. Until the city boundaries were expanded in 1850, the Innere Stadt was congruent with the city of Vienna. Traditionally it was divided into four quarters, which were designated after important town gates:

The Ringstraße circles the Innere Stadt along the route of the former city walls.

The first district is, with a workforce of 100,745, the largest employment locale in Vienna. This is partially due to tourism, as well as the presence of many corporate headquarters due to the district's central location.

Geography[edit]

Innere Stadt is the central district of Vienna. It borders on Leopoldstadt in the northeast, on Landstraße in the east, on Wieden and Mariahilf in the south, on Neubau and Josefstadt in the west, and on Alsergrund in the north. The district border, starting at Urania, follows Wienfluss, Lothringerstraße, Karlsplatz, Gedreidemarkt, Museumsplatz, Museumstraße, Auerspergstraße, Landesgerichtsstraße, Universitätsstraße, Maria-Theresien-Straße and the Donaukanal.

History[edit]

Main article: History of Vienna

Before 1850, Innere Stadt was physically equivalent with the city of Vienna. See History of Vienna for details about the history of Vindobona and Vienna, as well as historical significance after 1850.

Places of interest[edit]

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Centre of Vienna
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Vienna State Opera
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv, vi
Reference 1033
UNESCO region Europe
Inscription history
Inscription 2001 (25th Session)
Year Population[3]
1869 68,079
1880 72,688
1890 70,167
1900 58,736
1910 53,326
1923 43,045
1939 33,027
Year Population
1951 34,654
1961 32,243
1971 25,169
1981 19,537
1991 18,002
2001 17,056
2005 17,289

Population[edit]

Over time[edit]

Population has been declining ever since its peak of 73,000 in 1880, until it hit the lowest recorded value of 17,000 in 2001. Although population has been increasing slightly since then, Innere Stadt continues to remain the least populated district in Vienna.

Structural[edit]

In 2001, 28.1% of the district's population was over 60 years of age, above the city average of 22.2%. The percentage of people under 15 years of age was 9.8%. The female population of 53.3% was also above city average.[4]

Origin and language[edit]

At 15.5%, the percentage of foreign residents in Innere Stadt was 2% under city average for the year 2001. 2.8% of the population had EU Citizenship (Germany excluded), 2.7% were citizens of Serbia and Montenegro, and 2.2% were German citizens. In total, 25.6% of the population were born in a foreign country. 79% of residents listed German as their language of choice. 4.0% spoke primarily Serbian, 1.8% Hungarian, and 1.4% Croatian. 14.3% spoke other languages.[4]

Religion[edit]

Roman catholics made up 51.3% of the Innere Stadt population in 2001, followed by 6.6% Protestants, 5.1% Orthodox Christians, 3.3% Jews. 22.7% were listed as non-confessional.[4]

Politics[edit]

The Bezirksvorsteher (District Director) has been a member of the conservative ÖVP party since 1946. Current Bezirksvorsteher is Ursula Stenzel, a previous MEP. Stenzel has spoken out against holding events in the inner city, citing concerns regarding noise pollution. Her comments have drawn criticism from other parties, especially the social democratic SPÖ.

District Directors from 1945
Theodor Köpl (KPÖ) April 1945-August 1945
Fritz Schuckeld (SPÖ) August 1945-October 1945
Adolf Planek (SPÖ) October 1945 – 1946
August Altmutter (ÖVP) 1946–1948
Franz Eichberger (ÖVP) 1948–1951
Otto Friesinger (ÖVP) 1951–1968
Heinrich Anton Heinz (ÖVP) 1968–1987
Richard Schmitz (ÖVP) 1987–2001
Franz Grundwalt (ÖVP) 2001–2005
Ursula Stenzel (ÖVP) 2005-

Coat of arms[edit]

The first district's coat of arms is a white cross on a red background. It is also the coat of arms for the City of Vienna and the State of Vienna. The current coat of arms dates back to around 1270, when it first appeared on the minted "Wiener Pfennige" coins. It may have been based on the flag of the King of the Romans' forces during the Middle Ages, as the combat flag of Rudolph I of Germany featured a similar design.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

[Parts of this article were translated from German Wikipedia.]
  • "Wien - 1. Bezirk - Innere Stadt", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage (15 subpages): Wien.gv.at-innerestadt (in German).
  • Grabovszki, Ernst: Innere Stadt, Wien, 1. Bezirk. Verlag Sutton, Erfurt 2002, ISBN 3-89702-467-5

External links[edit]

Media related to Innere Stadt at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 48°12′35″N 16°22′12″E / 48.20972°N 16.37000°E / 48.20972; 16.37000