An innominate jury also known as an anonymous jury is when the members of a jury remain anonymous. This may be requested by the prosecution or defense in order to protect the jury from the media, or potential jury tampering or social pressure to return a particular verdict.
In some cases, the identity of the jury is not revealed to anyone, in other cases the identity of the jury is revealed to the prosecution and defense, but not released to the public or media.
In most jurisdictions, several criteria are used to determine if an anonymous jury is appropriate. The defendant's involvement in organized crime, the defendant's participation in a group with the capacity to harm jurors, the defendant's past attempts to interfere with the judicial process, the potential that the defendant will get a long jail sentence or substantial fines if convicted, and extensive publicity that could expose jurors to intimidation or harassment.
- Leroy Barnes 1977 drug kingpin. Commonly considered the first use of an anonymous jury
- Operation Family Secrets a trial of organized crime in Chicago
- John Gotti
- George Zimmerman's defense in the Shooting of Trayvon Martin (State of Florida v. George Zimmerman) had requested an anonymous jury, saying that the jurors may be subject to intimidation due to the intense media and public scrutiny in the case.
- "A survey of the law | Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press". Rcfp.org. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
- "The rise of anonymous juries | Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press". Rcfp.org. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
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