|gills on hymenium|
cap is conicalor convex
hymenium is adnateor emarginate
|stipe is bare|
|spore print is tan|
|ecology is mycorrhizal|
Inocybe aeruginascens is a small mycorrhizal mushroom with a conic to convex cap which becomes plane in age and is often fibrillose near the margin. It is usually less than 5 cm across, has a slightly darker blunt umbo and an incurved margin when young. The cap color varies from buff to light yellow brown, usually with greenish stains which disappear when the mushroom dries. The gills are adnate to nearly free, numerous, colored pale brown, grayish brown, or tobacco brown. The fruit body has greenish tones and bruises blue where damaged. The spores are smooth and ellipsoid, measuring 6–9.5 x 4.5 micrometres and forming a clay brown spore print. The stem is 2–7 cm long, 3 to 8 mm thick, and is equal width for the whole length, sometimes with some swelling at the base. It is solid, pale grey, becoming bluish green from the bottom up. The stem is fibrous and appears to be covered with fine powder near the top. It has a partial veil which often disappears in age and an unpleasant soapy odor.
Distribution and habitat
Inocybe aeruginascens is widely distributed in temperate areas and has been reported in central Europe and western North America. It grows in moist sandy soils in a mycorrhizal relationship with poplar, linden, oak and willow trees.
No toxicology information exists on Inocybe aeruginascens currently, however a minimum of "23 unintentional intoxications" were reported in 1982 by Drewitz and Babos. Unintentional consumption could be due to the similarity of Marasmius oreades. The symptoms of "intoxication" were hallucinogenic, leading Gartz and Drewitz to eventually discover the first source of psilocybin in any Inocybe species. There are no known deaths directly related to consumption, however edibility is not yet conclusive.
Inocybe aeruginascens contains the formerly known alkaloids psilocybin, psilocin, baeocystin, as well a newly discovered indoleamine 4-phosphoryloxy-N,N,N-trimethyltryptamine. Jochen Gartz named this new substance aeruginascin after the mushroom species. Aeruginascin is the N-trimethyl analogue of psilocybin. Inocybe aeruginascens is the only known natural source of aeruginascin.
- "Museo Civico di Rovereto".
- Jensen, Niels (2004). Tryptamines as Ligands and Modulators of the Serotonin 5‑HT2A Receptor and the Isolation of Aeruginascin from the Hallucinogenic Mushroom Inocybe aeruginascens (PDF) (Thesis). Georg-August-Universität Göttingen.
- Jensen, Niels; Gartz, Jochen; Laatsch, Hartmut (June 2006). "Aeruginascin, a Trimethylammonium Analogue of Psilocybin from the Hallucinogenic Mushroom Inocybe aeruginascens" (PDF). Planta Medica 72 (7): 665–666. doi:10.1055/s-2006-931576. PMID 16673333.
- Extraction and analysis of indole derivatives from fungal biomass
- New Aspects of the Occurrence, Chemistry, and Cultivation of European Hallucinogen Mushrooms