Inoue Enryō

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In this Japanese name, the family name is "Inoue".

Inoue Enryō (井上円了?, March 18, 1858 – June 6, 1919), Japanese philosopher, Buddhist reformer, educator, and nationalist; A key figure in the reception of Western philosophy, the emergence of modern Buddhism, and the permeation of the imperial ideology during the Meiji era. He is the founder of Toyo University and created the Temple Garden of Philosophy in Tokyo.


Enryō was ordained as a priest in his father's Jodo Shinshu Ōtani branch 眞宗大谷派. He graduated with a doctorate from Tokyo Imperial University in 1896 focusing mainly on Western philosophy. He renounced his status as a Buddhist priest for the lay life, but remained committed to "reforming Buddhism". He is the founder of what later became Toyo University 東洋大學. There he established a new discipline for the study of the mysterious he called yokaigaku 妖怪學. A prolific author, Inoue published numerous works on Buddhism, philosophy, education, religion and monsters. He is most famous for Bukkyō Katsuron, 佛教活論 and his popular lectures on the mysterious. He contributed to attempts to "modernize" Buddhism by arguing for its compatibility with Western philosophy and science. Inoue spent the later part of his life traveling the country giving lectures discouraging belief in monsters. As a result of his studies of the supernatural, he was known as Dr. Ghost or Dr. Yōkai.

Enryō died on June 6, 1919 while giving a lecture in Dalian, China.

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