Inquilab Zindabad (Hindustani: इंक़िलाब ज़िन्दाबाद (Devanagari), اِنقلاب زنده باد (Urdu)) is a phrase which translates to "Long Live the Revolution!" The word inquilab means "revolt" and zindabad means "to live forever". It was a revolutionary chant during the British rule over India. It was coined by the famous Urdu poet and Indian freedom fighter Maulana Hasrat Mohani who also penned the very popular ghazal Chupke Chupke Raat Din sung by Ghulam Ali and popularized in the activities of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association by socialist revolutionaries such as Ashfaqulla Khan, Bhagat Singh and Chandrashekhar Azad, who used it to urge future generations to endorse and support the political party's rebellious actions.
To better understand the connotation of this phrase one has to study Indian Independence movement. Though we have seen an emergence of this phrase even today with social movements and resistance movements such as India Against Corruption and Bharat Swabhiman Andolan respectively. Though the importance of this phrase lies in its spiritual energy like a mantra when chanted by thousands of people at the same time. .
This phrase is first recorded in prose and used by Maulavi at a labour strike in Kolkata (then, in English, Calcutta) for the first time. In one famous incident, a Pathan tribal continued their movement, demanding the release of Badshah Khan, Malang Baba and Inquilab, assuming Inquilab to be another great leader in prison as they were chanting "Badshah Khan Zindabad," "Malang Baba Zindabad," and "Inquilab Zindabad."
- "Raj:The essence of Telangana". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. October 7, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2011.
- Amitav Ghosh (2001). The Glass Palace. Random House Digital, Inc. Retrieved 17 September 2011. "This was followed by other shouts and slogans, all in Hindustani: "Inquilab zindabad" and Halla bol, halla bol!""
- Swami Ramdev during "Black-Money" agitation., video uploaded on youtube 14 August 2012 ( One Day Before India's Independence Day celebration 2012 )
- It appears as if the entire freedom struggle was just fought on this slogan or hymn. This is also wrong. Inquilab Zindabad was the slogan coined by Hasrat Mohani but who remembers him and it is often attributed to other leaders.
- Mohammad Tarique (2008). Modern Indian History. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. Retrieved 17 September 2011. "The Pathan tribal continued their movement and demanded the release of Badshah Khan, Malang Baba (the naked fakir-Gandhi) and Inquilab. The innocent Pathans assumed Inquilab to be another great leader in prison (the were chanting Badshah Khan Zindabad, Malang Baba Zindabad and Inquilab Zindabad)."
|This Indian history-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|