Bandung Institute of Technology

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Bandung Institute of Technology
Institut Teknologi Bandung
ITB 1.jpg
Ceremonial Hall by architect Henri Maclaine Pont
Motto In Harmonia Progressio
Motto in English Progress in Harmony
Established July 3, 1920 (as TH Bandung)
March 2, 1959 (as Institut Teknologi Bandung)
Type State University
Rector Prof. Dr. Akhmaloka (January 29, 2010-Present)
Academic staff

1,182 (as of 2011):[1]
Undergraduate: 34 (2.88%)[1]
Graduate: 357 (30.2%)[1]

Doctorate: 791 (66.92%)[1]
Students 19,440 (as of 2011)[1]
Undergraduates 13,671 (as of 2011)[1]
Postgraduates 5,024 (as of 2011)[1]
Doctoral students 745 (as of 2011)[1]
Location Bandung, Indonesia
Campus Urban
770,000 m2
Colors Deep Cobalt Blue     [2][3]
Affiliations ASAIHL, AUN, ASEA UNINET[4]
Website www.itb.ac.id

The Bandung Institute of Technology or Institute of Technology, Bandung (Indonesian: Institut Teknologi Bandung, abbreviated as ITB) is a state, coeducational research university located in Bandung, Indonesia. Established in 1920, ITB is the oldest technology-oriented university in Indonesia.

ITB was considered the top choice among Indonesia's high school students in 2006 and has been credited as one of the most "prestigious" universities in Indonesia, together with University of Indonesia, and Gadjah Mada University.[5][6]

Sukarno, the first president of the Republic of Indonesia, earned his engineering degree in civil engineering from ITB. B. J. Habibie, the third president of Indonesia also graduated from ITB.

The university cultivates professional and social activities by supporting its students' unions, the student government councils that exist in every department. Each students' union has its own distinctly designed jacket that, among other traditions, serves as part of its member identity. There are also a number of student activity units/clubs supporting ITB student interests in rounding out their educational experience. It is not uncommon that the students and alumni are identified by the clubs to which they belong (or used to belong) at ITB, in addition to their class year and major.

The university is a member of LAOTSE, an international network of leading universities in Europe and Asia exchanging students and senior scholars.

Until 2012, ITB had four study programs internationally accredited from an independent U.S. accrediting institution, ABET, where ITB is the only public university in Indonesia, with this particular international accrediting institution. The four study programs are Ocean Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, and Engineering Physics.

ITB's march "Mars ITB" and hymn "Hymne ITB" were arranged by a former professor, Prof. Dr. Sudjoko Danoesoebrata.[7]

The entrance gate to Tecnische Hogeschool in Bandung in 1929

Introduction[edit]

Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), was founded on March 2, 1959. The present ITB main campus is the site of earlier engineering schools in Indonesia. Although these institutions of higher learning had their own individual characteristics and missions, they left influence on developments leading to the establishment of ITB.

In 1920, Technische Hogeschool (TH) was established in Bandung, which for a short time, in the middle forties, became Kogyo Daigaku. Not long after the birth of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, the campus housed the Technical Faculty (including a Fine Arts Department) of Universitas Indonesia, with the head office in Jakarta. In the early fifties, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, also part of Universitas Indonesia, was established on the campus.

In 1959, the present lnstitut Teknologi Bandung was founded by the Indonesian government as an institution of higher learning of science, technology, and fine arts, with a mission of education, research, and service to the community.

Government Decree No. 155/2000 pertaining to The Decision on ITB as Legal Enterprise (Badan Hukum) has opened a new path for ITB to become autonomous. The status of autonomy implies a freedom for the institution to manage its own business in an effective and efficient way, and to be fully responsible for the planning and implementation of all program and activity, and the quality control for the attainment of its institutional objective. The institution has also freedom in deciding their measures and taking calculated risks in facing tight competition and intense pressures.

The Technische Hogeschool under construction in year 1918

Bandung, with a population of approximately one and a half million, lies in the mountainous area of West Java, at an altitude of 770 meters. The ITB main campus, to the north of the town centre, and its other campuses, cover a total area of 770,000 square meters.

History[edit]

Technische Hoogeschool[edit]

ITB traces its origin to de Technische Hoogeschool te Bandoeng (THB) established by the Dutch colonial administration to meet the needs of technical resources at its colony in the region now known as Indonesia. When the school opened its door for the first time on July 3, 1920, it had one department namely 'de Faculteit van Technische Wetenschap' (Faculty of Technical Science) with only one academic major of 'de afdeeling der Weg en Waterbouw' (the department of Road and Water resources engineering). Later ITB became part of the Faculty Engineering of the University of Indonesia (UI) in Jakarta after the Indonesian independence in 1945. On March 2, 1959 ITB was officially chartered as a separate academic entity by the government of Indonesia.

Bandung campus in 1950
De Technische Hogeschool in Bandoeng, circa 1920

In National Politics[edit]

Towards Autonomy[edit]

Campus[edit]

ITB Library in 2007

The ITB main campus, to the north of the downtown Bandung, and its other campuses, cover a total area of 770,000 square meters.

Students and faculty housing, and administrative headquarters are not on the main campus but are within easy reach. Facilities on the campus include book shops, a post office, student cafeteria, and medical clinic.

In addition to lecture rooms, laboratories, workshops and studios, ITB has an art gallery, sports facilities and a student activities' center. Also near the campus is the Salman Mosque for worship and religious activities of the ITB Muslim community. For implementation of academic and research activities there are seven academic support facilities, namely, the Central Library (with approximately 150,000 books and 1000 journal titles) on campus, Sports Center, Language Center, and the Bosscha Observatory (a facility of the Department of Astronomy) in Lembang, 11 kilometers to the north of Bandung.

Academics[edit]

Organization[edit]

Departments and Programs
School of Business and Management
College of Mathematics and Natural Science
School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development
School of Life Science and Technology
College of Civil and Environmental Engineering
College of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Graduate School

Admission and Selectivity[edit]

Admission to ITB is conducted exclusively through (nationwide) entrance examination. Historically ITB has been the most selective University in the nation.[8] In 2000, the last Asiaweek survey available, ITB ranked first in Asia in student selectivity.[9] In the 2007 and 2008 national entrance examination, ITB has the highest average score as well as the highest passing grade in the nation.[10][11] The aggregate admission rate in 2008 was around 4%,[10] which was lower than the admission rate of Harvard in the same year (9%)[12]

Quality and Reputation[edit]

Several national, regional, and global surveys have been conducted to assess the quality of universities. ITB is among the first choices of college applicants to enter higher education.[5][6] In a 1991 survey, the top 200 high school students in the national entrance examination indicated ITB as their first choice.[8]

According to 4icu, an academic ranking method based on the popularity level of academic institutions in the World Wide Web, with total samples of more than 9200 institutions in 2010 by, ITB was ranked 30th in the world, far above other Indonesian universities like the Gadjah Mada University (686th) and the University of Indonesia (685), surpassing the leading university in Asia, such as Tokyo University (91) - MIT is at the first place of 4icu survey.[13] THE-QS, a UK-based University ranking survey, ranked ITB 80th in the field of Engineering and IT in the world, the only university in Indonesia within the top 100 in its field. The first rank in the field was MIT.[14] ITB is considered to have the highest selectivity in the field of science and engineering in the SNMPTN (nationwide state university entrance test) in 2009 from 422,159 examinees competing for its limited 2,000 seats.[15] The passing grades required to enter its favorite faculties i.e., the School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, the Faculty of Industrial Technology, and the Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering are the highest among all faculties and majors in the SNMPTN (nationwide state university entrance test) even compared to medical faculties in other prestigious universities. Its business school, School of Business and Management is considered as the most prestigious[citation needed], and most expensive also, business school in Indonesia and regarded as the best business school in Indonesia by eduniversal ranking and SWA Magazine, the most popular business magazine in Indonesia.[16]

Research[edit]

According to ITB rector, ITB will build an eight-story mining research center for both national and international research such as research on oil reservoirs, production optimization, geological exploitation and coal exploitation development worth Rp110 billion ($12.1 million).[17]

Notable people and alumni[edit]

  • Aburizal Bakrie, an Indonesian entrepreneur and politician, founder of Bakrie Group, former Indonesian Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare (2005–2009), Chairman Golkar Party (2009–present), the richest person in Indonesia in 2007 (Forbes 2007).
  • Alhilal Hamdi, former minister of manpower Republic of Indonesia
  • Alwin Syah Loebis, current President Director of PT Antam (Persero) Tbk.
  • Arifin Panigoro, PDI-P politician, member of Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat (2002), MedcoEnergi pioneer
  • Baharuddin Jusuf Habibie, the third President of Indonesia (1998–1999)
  • Betti Alisjahbana, Indonesian businesswoman, former CEO of IBM Indonesia, chairperson of Association for Open Source Indonesia (AOSI), founder of QB International
  • Chris Soumokil, The first President of South Mollucan Republic (RMS).
  • Ciputra, Indonesian real estate tycoon
  • Djoko Santoso, Former President of Association of Indonesian Geophysicist (1998-2000), Former Rector of ITB (2005-2010), Former Rector of UI (2012-2013), Director General of Higher Education.
  • Djuanda Kartawidjaja, Indonesian Prime Minister (1957–1963).
  • Fadel Muhammad, Governor of Gorontalo (2001–2009), Minister for Maritime and Fisheries (2009–2011), Deputy Chairman of Golkar Party
  • Ginandjar Kartasasmita, former Speaker of Indonesian Regional Representative Council (DPD-RI), former Indonesian Coordinating Minister of Economy
  • Harry Roesli, Indonesian artist and musician.
  • Hartono Rekso Dharsono, the first Secretary General of ASEAN
  • Hatta Rajasa, Indonesian Coordinating Minister of Economy (2009–present).
  • Helman Sitohang, Head of Credit Suisse Asia Pacific Investment Banking, CEO of Credit Suisse South-East Asia.
  • Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician, national hero, former dean of Gadjah Mada University
  • Indroyono Soesilo, Professor in Marine Engineering, Director of Marine and Aquaculture, UN Food and Agriculture Organization.[18]
  • Jero Wacik, Indonesian Minister of Culture and Tourism (2004–present)
  • Joko Anwar, Indonesian film director
  • Josephus Ignatius Gerardus Maria Drost, Indonesian education figure
  • Jusman Syafii Djamal, former Indonesian Minister of Transportation, former CEO of Dirgantara Indonesia, an Indonesian aircraft manufacturing firm
  • Karen Agustiawan, CEO and President of Pertamina, the largest Indonesian Oil Company.
  • Karlina Leksono Supelli, Indonesian philosopher and astronomer. One of Indonesia's first female astronomers.
  • Karno Barkah, Indonesian aviation pioneer, recipient of the French Légion d'honneur, former President Director of the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport.
  • Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, Former Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, Former Head of BRR (Badan Rehabilitasi dan Rekonstruksi Aceh dan Nias), Head of President's Delivery Unit for Development Monitoring and Oversight (UKP4), former CEO of Indonesian Electricity Company.
  • Kusmayanto Kadiman, former Minister of Research and Technology of Indonesia
  • Laksamana Sukardi, former Indonesian minister of State-owned Enterprises Management, Indonesian Politician, banker
  • Mangunwijaya, Indonesian architect, writer, and Catholic religious leader.
  • Maria Selena, Miss Indonesia 2011 and Miss Universe 2012
  • Martinus Putuhena, former Minister of Public Works (1945-1947).
  • Merlyna Lim, Indonesian professor, internationally recognized Science & Technology Studies scholar.
  • Nabiel Makarim, Indonesian Minister of the Environment (2001–2004)
  • Onno Purbo, Indonesian social entrepreneur, pioneer of low cost information and communication technologies in Indonesia
  • Pangeran Muhammad Noer, former Governor of Borneo.
  • Pantur Silaban, Indonesian physicist in theory of relativity.
  • Pramono Anung Wibowo, Deputy Speaker of Indonesian House of Representative, Secretary General of Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle
  • Purnomo Yusgiantoro, Minister of Defense (2009–present), Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources (2000–2009), former President and Secretary General of OPEC
  • Purwa Caraka, Indonesian music composer.
  • Rachmat Witoelar, former Indonesian Minister of Environment, Special Envoy on Climate Change, Head of National Council on Climate Change.
  • Ramadhan K.H., Indonesian writer and novelist;
  • Rinaldi Firmansyah, CEO of Telkom Indonesia, the largest fixed-line and wireless telecommunication operator firm in Indonesia.
  • Rizal Ramli, former Indonesian Coordinating Minister of Economy, founder and chairman of ECONIT Advisory Group, an independent economic think-tank.
  • Rozik Boedioro Soetjipto, former State Minister of Public Works of the Republic of Indonesia from 1999 to 2000, President and Chief Operating Officer of PT Freeport Indonesia since January 27, 2012.
  • Samaun Samadikun, Indonesian scientist dedicated to the development of electronics[19]
  • Sedyatmo, inventor of Chicken Claw foundation of construction method.
  • Singgih Susilo Kartono, Indonesian product designer, founder of Magno Design.
  • Soekarno, The First President of Indonesia (1945-1967).
  • Taufik Akbar, Indonesian astronaut.
  • Tjokorda Raka Sukawati, inventor of Sosrobahu construction technique
  • Widjajono Partowidagdo, former Indonesian Vice Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources.
  • Winardi Sutantyo, Indonesian astrophysicist[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Fakta dan Angka
  2. ^ Keputusan Rektor ITB Nomor 324/SK/K01/OT/2008 tentang Penggunaan Lambang ITB
  3. ^ CMYK 100,70,0,0 http://www.colorhexa.com/004dff
  4. ^ Member Universities
  5. ^ a b "707 Siswa Pandai Tapi Tak Mampu Lulus SPMB" (online archive in Indonesian). Sinar Indonesia Baru. 6 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-02. 
  6. ^ a b "Mencermati Peringkat Nilai Hasil Seleksi Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru (SPMB) 2004" (online archive in Indonesian). Harian Jawa Pos. 13 August 2004. Retrieved 2006-11-02. 
  7. ^ "Hymne dan Mars ITB Itu Tiada" (online archive in Indonesian). Tempo Interaktif. 26 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  8. ^ a b H.I.S, Cardiyan (1991). ITB dan manusia ITB untuk Indonesia Inc. (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Sulaksana Watisna Indonesia. 
  9. ^ "Asia's Best Universities 2000 Ranking by Student Selectivity". Asiaweek. 2000-06-22. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  10. ^ a b "UGM dan ITB Peringkat I di SNMPTN 2008" (online archive in Indonesian). Antara. 31 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  11. ^ "SPMB 2007, UNAIR dan ITS empat besar nasional" (online archive in Indonesian). Surya. 1 August 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-30. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Harvard Tops US Rankings". Harvard. 22 Aug 2008. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  13. ^ 2011 World University Ranking | Top 200 Universities in the world
  14. ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2009/subject-rankings/technology
  15. ^ http://sosialbudaya.tvone.co.id/berita/view/19209/2009/07/31/sebanyak_92511_calon_mahasiswa_lolos_snmptn_2009/
  16. ^ Peringkat Ranking Sekolah Bisnis Terbaik di Indonesia | blog strategi + manajemen
  17. ^ "ITB plans Rp 110b research center". December 2, 2011. 
  18. ^ ftp://ftp.fao.org/fi/DOCUMENT/staff/staffird.pdf
  19. ^ Prof. Samaun Samadikun
  20. ^ Supernova Explosions in Close Binary System

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 6°53′23″S 107°36′36″E / 6.889852°S 107.609968°E / -6.889852; 107.609968