Institute for Advanced Study
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|Institute for Advanced Study|
|Location||Princeton, New Jersey, USA|
The Institute for Advanced Study, located in Princeton, New Jersey, United States, is an independent postdoctoral center for theoretical research and intellectual inquiry.
There are no degree programs or experimental facilities at the Institute, and research is funded by endowments, grants and gifts — it does not support itself with tuition or fees. Research is never contracted or directed; it is left to each individual researcher to pursue his or her own goals.
The Institute is not part of any educational institution. However, because Princeton University's science departments are less than two miles (3 km) away, informal ties and collaboration have occurred between the two institutions. In fact, the Institute was once housed within Princeton University—in the building since called Jones Hall, which was then Princeton's mathematics department—for 6 years, from its opening in 1933, until Fuld Hall was finished and opened in 1939. This helped start an incorrect impression that it was part of the University, one that has never been completely eradicated.
The Institute has four Schools: Historical Studies, Mathematics, Natural Sciences, and Social Science. There is a permanent faculty of 28, and each year fellowships are awarded to 190 visiting members from over 100 universities and research institutions. Individuals apply to become Members at the Institute, and each of the Schools has its own application procedures and deadlines. Members are selected by the Faculty of each School from more than 1,500 applicants, and come to the Institute for periods from one term to a few years, most staying for one year. All Members, whether emerging scholars or scientists at the beginning of their careers or established researchers, are selected on the basis of their outstanding achievements and promise.
The Institute was founded in 1930 by Abraham Flexner, together with Louis Bamberger and Caroline Bamberger Fuld with the proceeds from their department store in Newark, New Jersey. The founding of the institute was fraught with brushes against near-disaster; the Bamberger siblings pulled their money out of the market just before the Crash of 1929, and their original intent was to express their gratitude to the state of New Jersey through the founding of a medical school. It was the intervention of their friend Dr. Abraham Flexner, the prominent education theorist, that convinced them to put their money in the service of more abstract research.
The Institute is planning to build fifteen faculty houses on land it owns near Princeton Battlefield State Park. These plans are being opposed by the Princeton Battlefield Society and by the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The institute has always valued residential proximity for its professors saying that they are a "community of scholars with the ability to interact at all times," while the preservationists claim that the site is of "immense historic value" and want to annex it to the adjacent park. In March 2012, the Institute received unanimous approval from the Princeton Regional Planning Board to proceed with its plans.
The Institute is or has been the academic home of Michael Atiyah, Enrico Bombieri, Shiing-Shen Chern, Noam Chomsky, Paul Dirac, Freeman J. Dyson, Albert Einstein, Clifford Geertz, Kurt Gödel, George F. Kennan, T. D. Lee, Oskar Morgenstern, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Erwin Panofsky, Dani Rodrik, Atle Selberg, Stephen Smale, John von Neumann, André Weil, Hermann Weyl, Frank Wilczek, Andrew Wiles, and Edward Witten.
In addition to faculty, who have permanent appointments, scholars are appointed as "Members" of the Institute for a period of several months to several years. Some 190 members are now selected annually. This includes both younger and well-established natural scientists and social scientists. A Community of Scholars is a database of scholars and scientists affiliated with the Institute since its founding.
|J. Robert Oppenheimer||(1947–1966)|
|Marvin Leonard Goldberger||(1987–1991)|
|Robbert Dijkgraaf||(since July 2012)|
- Axtell, James (2007), The Making of Princeton University: From Woodrow Wilson to the Present, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0691126860
- Noted Figures at IAS, retrieved 2013-04-18
- A Battle Over Faculty Housing, New York Times, June 21, 2012
- Princeton, NJ - Friday, March 2, 2012 (2012-03-02). "Princeton Regional Planning Board Votes Unanimously on Institute for Advanced Study’s Faculty Housing Plans". Ias.edu. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Robbert Dijkgraaf Appointed Director of Institute for Advanced Study | Institute for Advanced Study". Ias.edu. 2011-11-14. Retrieved 2011-12-10.
- Ed Regis, Who Got Einstein's Office: Eccentricity and Genius at the Institute for Advanced Study (Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1987)
- Björn Wittrock, Institutes for Advanced Study: Ideas, Histories, Rationales (pdf file)
- Naomi Pasachoff, "Science's 'Intellectual Hotel': The Institute for Advanced Study," 1992 Encyclopædia Britannica Yearbook of Science and the Future, 472–488
- Steve Batterson, "Pursuit of Genius: Flexner, Einstein, and the Early Faculty at the Institute for Advanced Study" (A. K. Peters, Ltd., Wellesley, MA, 2006)
- Joan Wallach Scott and Debra Keates, eds., Schools of Thought: Twenty-five Years of Interpretive Social Science. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001. A collection of reflective pieces by former fellows at the Institute's School for Social Science.
- Institute for Advanced Study(pdf file) (Institute for Advanced Study, 2005). An historical overview of the Institute, published on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the founding of the Institute and updated in 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Institute for Advanced Study.|
- Official website
- Einstein on Life at Princeton, Institute for Advanced Study Shapell Manuscript Foundation