Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

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The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP) is a non-profit research and advocacy organization that promotes sustainable food, farm, and trade systems. IATP has offices in Minneapolis, Minnesota and Geneva, Switzerland, and operates both locally and internationally.

Areas of work[edit]

IATP works to integrate sustainability throughout the food and farm system, from supporting farmers and the environment to securing universal access to healthy food. IATP identifies the impact trade agreements have on farmers, consumers and the environment, while promoting a fair trade system that supports locally based development, labor and human rights, and democratic institutions. IATP develops alternative economic models that integrate environmental sustainability into rural development.

Timeline highlights[edit]

1987: IATP launches the Sustainable Agriculture Computer Network with email, access to shared data and research, news wire services, electronic conferencing and bulletin boards.[1]

1990: IATP distributes Trading Away Our Future, a video on how General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) affects American agriculture policy, to over 1,000 local organizers, opinion leaders and teachers.

1991: In New York, IATP conducts trainings and strategy coordination for 20 coalition partners in preparation for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.

1992: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, more commonly known as the Earth Summit, meets in Rio de Janeiro; IATP co-hosts the Global Forum on the GATT at the summit.

1995: IATP holds a series of events nationwide with surviving founders of Bretton Woods and United Nations institutions, resulting in a [book of twenty essays] by the participants.[2]

1996: IATP forms Peace Coffee in partnership with Guatemala’s Nobel Peace Prize winner Rigoberta Menchu.[3]

1997: IATP incorporates TransFair USA,[4] the first U.S. fair-trade certification body.[5]

1998: IATP marks the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights with an event in New York with Jesse Jackson, John Sweeney[disambiguation needed] and others.[6]

2000: With six other groups, IATP launches Genetically Engineered Food Alert to challenge the use of genetically engineered crops in food.[7][8] IATP launches Trade Information Project in Geneva to serve as an information clearinghouse on the World Trade Organisation (WTO) for NGOs around the world.

2001: IATP created the Eat Well Guide, an online directory of sustainably raised meat, poultry, dairy and eggs available from North American farms, stores, restaurants and online merchants.[9]

2005: IATP publishes a critique of the U.S. food aid system for undercutting local food systems in poor countries. The WTO holds its sixth ministerial in Hong Kong.[10] IATP helps to organize the Fair Trade Fair and Symposium near the WTO meeting, to highlight the fair trade system for WTO delegates.

2006: IATP publishes a report, summarized in The New York Times, on the incidence of arsenic in U.S. poultry products.[11]

2008: John Nichols of The Nation designated IATP the "Most Valuable Policy Group" in his Most Valuable Progressives of 2008 list.[12]
The Food and Society Fellows program moves to IATP, bringing together chefs, farmers, nutritionists, activists, public health professionals, fishers, policy experts and academics who work to create sustainable food systems.

2009: IATP released a report, Not So Sweet: Missing Mercury and High Fructose Corn Syrup, that examined the presence of mercury in high fructose corn syrup.[13][14]

History[edit]

Minnesota Secretary of State Mark Ritchie returned to the United States from a 1986 Geneva meeting and incorporated the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy[15] as a nonprofit, tax-exempt organization, with the mission of fostering sustainable rural communities. In 1987, IATP began to organize and report on the newly launched round of international trade negotiations being conducted by the GATT, which eventually became the WTO. The rules of agricultural trade set in the GATT[16] and implemented at the WTO have deeply influenced national and local farm policies around the globe over the last two decades.

In the 1990s, IATP expanded beyond its initial focus on international policymaking institutions like the WTO, and regional free trade agreements like the North American Free Trade Agreement, to include the promotion of positive alternatives to economically, socially and environmentally destructive agricultural and trade practices. For example, with the Center for Agriculture and the Environment in the Netherlands, IATP developed tools to help U.S. farmers increase their income by reducing on-farm fertilizer use.

Jim Harkness became IATP’s new president in 2006, after spending the previous 16 years in China, most recently as the Executive Director for the World Wildlife Fund in China.

Board of directors[edit]

  • Lucia Watson, Chef, restaurateur and local food advocate
  • Rod Leonard, Executive Director, Community Nutrition Institute, U.S.
  • Harriet Barlow, Executive Director, Blue Mountain Center, U.S.
  • Becky Glass, Director of External Relations/Development Specialist, Center on Wisconsin Strategy (COWS), U.S.
  • Dr. Cândido Grzybowski, Executive Director, Instituto Brasileiro de Análises Sociais e Econômicas (IBASE), Brazil
  • Steven Shrybman, Law Partner, Sack Goldblatt Mitchell, Canada
  • Victor Suarez Carrera, Founder, Executive Director, National Association of Rural Commercialization Enterprises, Mexico
  • Jim Harkness, President, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (ex officio)
  • Ma. Estrella Penunia, Secretary General, Asian Farmers' Association for Sustainable Rural Development (AFA), Philippines
  • Dr. Arie van den Brand, President, Biologica, The Netherlands

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nathan Newman, Net Loss: Internet Prophets, Private Profits, and the Costs to Community (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002) 314-315.
  2. ^ Orin Kirshner, The Bretton Woods-GATT System: Retrospect and Prospect After Fifty Years (New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1996).
  3. ^ "Peace Making". IATP. Retrieved April 14, 2009. 
  4. ^ Daniel Jaffee, Brewing Justice: Fair Trade Coffee, Sustainability, and Survival, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007) 14-15.
  5. ^ Jacqueline DeCarlo, Fair Trade, (Oxford: Oneworld, 2008) 80-81.
  6. ^ "From Aspiration to Activist Agenda: Achieving Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in the U.S. (CONFERENCE HIGHLIGHTS)". IATP. Retrieved April 14, 2009. 
  7. ^ Internet Archive capture of Genetically Engineered Food Alert webpage, August 17, 2000
  8. ^ Margot Roosevelt for Time Magazine. Monday, Jul. 31, 2000 Inside The Protests: Taking It To Main Street
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ Sophia Murphy and Kathy McAfee, U.S. Food Aid: Time to Get It Right, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy 2005, September 12, 2008 [2]
  11. ^ Marian Burros, “Chicken With Arsenic? Is That O.K.?” New York Times April 5, 3006, September 12, 2008 [3]
  12. ^ John Nichols, "Most Valuable Progressives of 2008," The Nation-Beat Blog, entry posted December 31, 2008, http://www.thenation.com/blogs/thebeat/392577/most_valuable_progressives_of_2008?rel=hp_blogs_box
  13. ^ "Study Finds High-Fructose Corn Syrup Contains Mercury," The Washington Post, January 28, 2009.
  14. ^ "US researchers find traces of toxic mercury in high-fructose corn syrup," The Guardian, January 27, 2009.
  15. ^ Susan Ariel Aaronson, Taking Trade to the Streets: The Lost History of Public Efforts to Shape Globalization (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001) 142-173.
  16. ^ Jeremy Brecher and Tim Costello, Global Village or Global Pillage: Economic Reconstruction From the Bottom Up (Boston: South End Press, 1994) 96-97.

External links[edit]