Institute for Colored Youth

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Institute for Colored Youth
(former site)
Institute for Colored Youth.JPG
Institute for Colored Youth is located in Pennsylvania
Institute for Colored Youth
Location Tenth and Bainbridge Sts., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 39°56′31″N 75°9′28″W / 39.94194°N 75.15778°W / 39.94194; -75.15778Coordinates: 39°56′31″N 75°9′28″W / 39.94194°N 75.15778°W / 39.94194; -75.15778
Architect Edward Fay
Architectural style Italianate
MPS Philadelphia Public Schools TR
NRHP Reference # 86003324
Significant dates
Added to NRHP December 4, 1986[2]
Designated PHMC 1991[1]

The Institute for Colored Youth was founded in 1837 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. After moving to Delaware County, Pennsylvania and changing its name to Cheyney University, it continues as the oldest African American school of higher education, although degrees were not granted by Cheyney until 1913. The original building at Tenth and Bainbridge Streets in Philadelphia was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. It is also known as the Samuel J. Randall School, and is a three-story, three bay brick building built in 1865, in the Italianate-style[3]

The Institute was founded by Richard Humphreys, a Quaker philanthropist who bequeathed $10,000, one tenth of his estate, to design and establish a school to educate people of African descent. Born on a plantation in the West Indies, Humphreys came to Philadelphia in 1764, where he became concerned about the struggles of free African Americans to make a living. News of a race riot in 1829 prompted Humphreys to write his will, in which he charged thirteen fellow Quakers to design an institution "to instruct the descendents of the African Race in school learning, in the various branches of the mechanic Arts, trades and Agriculture, in order to prepare and fit and qualify them to act as teachers...."

Founded as the African Institute, the school was soon renamed the Institute for Colored Youth. In its early years it provided a classical education to young African Americans in Philadelphia. In 1902 the Institute moved to George Cheyney's farm, 25 miles (40 km) west of Philadelphia, and afterward the name "Cheyney" became associated with the school.[4]

Notable Alumni[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  3. ^ "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System.  Note: This includes B. Mintz (July 1986). "Pennsylvania Historic Resource Survey Form: Institute for Colored Youth" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  4. ^ Institute for Colored Youth