Institute for Economics and Peace

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The Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP),[1] chaired by technology entrepreneur Steve Killelea founder of Integrated Research,[2] is a global non-profit research organization headquartered in Sydney, Australia with a branch in New York and one in Oxford. IEP was established to conduct research on the intersections between business, peace and economic development; to publicize its research findings widely; and to disseminate educational materials based on its work; creating the paradigm that peace is a pre-requisite for the survival of humanity.[3] IEP works in partnership with a number of think tanks, NGOs and academic institutions including the Aspen Institute,[4] Economists for Peace and Security [5] the United Nations Global Compact, Center for Strategic and International Studies and Cranfield University.

The Global Go To Think Tank Index, produced by the University of Pennsylvania, listed the Institute for Economics and Peace as a Think Tank to Watch, one of the top 15 Think Tanks with a Budget under $5 Million, and as institution with a leading collaboration.[6]

In 2013, Steve Killelea’s founding of IEP was recognized as one of the 50 most impactful philanthropic gifts in Australia’s history by a coalition including the Myer Family Company, The Myer Foundation and Sidney Myer Fund, Pro Bono Australia, Swinburne University and Philanthropy Australia.[7]

Global Peace Index[edit]

The core asset of the IEP is the Global Peace Index (GPI), which is now considered the benchmark study in measuring peace.[8][9] The GPI has been recognized by leading analysts and institutions, and has been incorporated into reports such as the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute's Year Book (2009),[10] and is being analyzed by the World Bank's World Development Report 2011 team.[11] The data for the Global Peace Index is collected and collated by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU),[12] the research and analysis arm of the Economist Group, and the methodology is informed and reviewed by an international panel of peace and statistics experts.[13] The GPI is released annually with presentations in London, Washington, D.C. and at the United Nations. In 2009, the events took place at Central Hall Westminster in London[14] and the Center for Strategic and International Studies[15] in Washington D.C. In addition, the GPI was the empirical basis for the Symposium of Peaceful Nations, a 3-day conference hosted in November 2009 to honor the most peaceful countries in each of nine regions of the world[16] at which Helen Clark, UNDP Administrator, delivered the keynote address.[17] The GPI result is used by various international organizations, such as the UN and World Bank. The 6th annual Global Peace Index launched in 2012 includes 158 countries in the world, and the interactive map on the website explains the rankings.

Building Blocks of Peace[edit]

The IEP launched education program with the release of Building Blocks of Peace,[18] a 4-module curriculum resource that offers step-by-step guidance for high school teachers to introduce "a fresh perspective to the issues surrounds global peace" into the classroom.[19][20] Presented at both regional and national conferences, the Building Blocks of Peace materials are an addition to the resources available to teachers dedicated to educating global citizens. These modules are available to download for free on the web.[21]

Global Peace Report[edit]

On October 26, 2010, The Institute for Economics and Peace and Media Tenor released “Measuring Peace in the Media”, the first study that takes a fact-based approach into understanding the accuracy of international television networks’ coverage of peace, violence and conflict.[22]

The results show broad inconsistencies across geographies and networks, with US broadcasters much more focused on violence and conflict than their European and Middle Eastern counterparts. Al Jazeera was found to be the network providing the most balanced coverage on Afghanistan. BBC World led the way when it came to breadth of coverage. It regularly reported on 67 countries across six continents which is nearly twice as many countries as the average level of coverage.

The study analysed 37 TV news and current affairs programmes from 23 networks in 15 countries* and then cross-referenced this with the Global Peace Index which measures the levels of peace and violence in 149 countries. BBC 2 Newsnight and ZDF Heute Journal were found to be the programmes whose editorial policies aligned their coverage most closely with the rankings of the GPI.

Positive-peace stories make up just 1.6% of the total number of stories examined in the study. These are stories that report on active steps taken to rectify violent situations. Such a small percentage may be partly related to what is considered newsworthy and dramatic, such as high-impact, violent or controversial events. However, the stereotyping of nations which are low on the GPI makes it harder for audiences to gain empathy and therefore to support governments and make headway towards creating peace.

United States Peace Index[edit]

IEP launched its first USPI in April 2011 to rank each state's peacefulness in the US. Unlike the GPI, the US version uses only 5 indicators, incarceration rate, the number of police officer, the number of homicides, the availability of small arms, and the number of violent crimes. According to the 2012 report, the US is more peaceful than the last twenty years. Also, Maine is the most peaceful state while Louisiana is the least peaceful state.[23]

Violence Containment Spending Report[edit]

IEP released the report of Violence Containment Spending in the United States in September 2012. It indicates that the US annually spends $2.16 trillion for the purposes of preventing and dealing with consequences of violence. This is about the same amount as the size of the entire UK economy.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Institute for Economics and Peace". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  2. ^ "Swiss Peace". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  3. ^ "Institute for Economics and Peace". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  4. ^ "Aspen Institute Business and Society Program". Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  5. ^ "Defining Peace Industries and Calculating the Potential Size of a Peace Gross World Product by Country and by Economic Sector". Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  6. ^ http://gotothinktank.com/dev1/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/GoToReport2013.pdf
  7. ^ "Australia’s Top 50 Philanthropic Gifts of All Time". ProBono Australia. 2013-10-14. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  8. ^ "The Purchasing Power of Peace". BBC News. 2009-06-03. Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  9. ^ "UN Global Compact Meeting". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  10. ^ "Appendix 2B. The Global Peace Index 2009". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  11. ^ "World Development Report 2011". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  12. ^ "Detailed information can be found from". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  13. ^ "Peaceful Nations". Alliance for Peacebuilding. Retrieved 2010-04-13. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Global Peace Index". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  15. ^ "Video: Global Peace Index: an initiative of The Institute for Economics and Peace". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  16. ^ "Symposium of Peaceful Nations". Retrieved 2010-04-13. [dead link]
  17. ^ "Helen Clark: Statement at the Global Symposium of Peaceful Nations". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  18. ^ "The Commons-Synergos News". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  19. ^ "The Institute for Economics and Peace "Building Blocks of Peace"". Social Edge. Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  20. ^ ""Building Blocks of Peace" Teaching Resources". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  21. ^ "Institute for Economics and Peace-Education". Retrieved 2010-04-13. 
  22. ^ http://www.visionofhumanity.org/info-center/measuring-peace-in-the-media/
  23. ^ "US Peace Index". Institute for Economics and Peace. 
  24. ^ "Violence Containment Spending Report in the US". Institute for Economics and Peace. Retrieved 25 September 2012. 

External links[edit]