Institute for Energy Research
The Institute for Energy Research (IER), is a Washington, DC-based non-profit advocacy organization with strong ties to the oil industry. The institute conducts policy research regarding energy policy, runs advertising promoting oil drilling and opposing politicians and policies disfavorable to the oil industry, and has in the past offered to pay scientists to dispute evidence behind climate change. IER maintains that the free-market provides the most inexpensive solutions to global energy and environmental challenges. IER was founded in 1989.
IER has received funding from the Brown Foundation (started by founders of a construction and energy company), the Searle Freedom Trust, and the Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation, which is run by executives of Koch Industries, an oil industry giant known for its massive political involvement. They have also previously received funding from ExxonMobil and from the American Petroleum Institute. IER has not sought for or accepted financial support from the government.
In December 2011, IER released its North American Energy Inventory, a compilation of total energy in North America. Using the North American Energy Inventory, IER asserted that the US could be energy independent if the US federal government were to allow for greater domestic energy exploration and production.
The Institute's CEO, Robert L. Bradley, Jr., was formerly a director of policy analysis at Enron, where he wrote speeches for Kenneth Lay. He has written seven books, including Capitalism at Work and Edison to Enron, and he maintains the website Political Capitalism. He is also an adjunct scholar at the Cato Institute.
Robert L. Bradley, Jr., President of the Institute for Energy Research, wrote an article published by Competitive Enterprise Institute, entitled "Heated Debate" to respond to a negative review by Harvard Professor John P. Holdren of the 2001 international best seller The Skeptical Environmentalist by Bjørn Lomborg. Lomberg was inspired to write his book after he read an article entitled "The Doomslayer" profiling Julian L. Simon. Lomberg was honored in 2003 with the libertarian Competitive Enterprise Institute's Julian L. Simon award. The award was given to Robert L. Bradley in 2002 and more recently in 2012 to Matt Ridley, who is also skeptical about climate change.
American Energy Alliance
The Institute for Energy Research has a political arm, the American Energy Alliance, which is responsible for multi-million dollar television advertising campaigns that have attacked energy policy, ideas and positions of the Obama Administration that are contrary to the those held by IER. The American Energy Alliance is run by Thomas (Tom) Pyle, a former lobbyist for Koch Industries. According the its website, the Alliance engages in "grassroots public policy advocacy and debate" regarding energy.
Both IER and the American Energy Alliance are partly funded by the Koch Brothers and their donor network, according to Politico's research, sources - and to reports by Koch-controlled charitable foundations themselves. The American Energy Alliance, as a matter of policy, does not disclose the names of its donors.
American Energy Alliance provide an online petition to U. S. Secretary of State John Kerry regarding the US federal government administration's approval of the controversial Keystone XL pipeline extension. American Energy Alliance compare the extended time for the application approval to the time it took for the Allies "to win World War II."
Wind Production Tax Credit (PTC)
Benjamin Cole, a spokesman for American Energy Alliance told Politico in October 2012 that, "Our [American Energy Alliance] goal is to make the Wind Production Tax Credit so toxic that it makes it impossible for John Boehner to sit at a table with Harry Reid and say, ‘Yeah, I can bend on this one.’” 
- NPR: New Group Tied To Oil Industry Runs Ads Promoting Drilling, Attacking Democrat. September 22, 2008.
- "Institute for Energy Research - About us".
- Erman, Michael (23 May 2008). "Exxon again cuts funds for climate change skeptics". Reuters.
- American Petroleum Institute, Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax, 2010.
- Energy for America: North American Energy Inventory.
- Institute for Energy: Staff.
- Political Capitalism
- Cato Institute: Robert L. Bradley, Jr.
- Bradley, Jr., Robert L. The Heated Energy Debate: Assessing John Holdren’s Attack on Bjørn Lomborg’s The Skeptical Environmentalist (PDF). Institute for Energy Research. p. 46.
- Regis, Ed (February 1997). "The Doomslayer". Wired (Issue 5.02). Archived from the original on 2008-05-18. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
- Lomborg, Bjørn (September 2001). The Skeptical Environmentalist: Measuring the True State of the World. Cambridge University Press. pp. 515 pages.
- "American Energy Alliance Homepage". The American Energy Alliance. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
- Vogel, Kenneth (29 March 2012). "Kochs linked to $3.6M anti-Obama gas price ad campaign". Politico.
- Restuccia, Andrew (13 November 2012). "Fans, foes at war over wind tax credit extension".