Institute of Animal Biotechnology

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For the Indian organisation, see National Institute of Animal Biotechnology.
Ss. Cyril and Methodius University - Skopje
Универзитет „Св. Кирил и Методиј“ Скопје
Established 1949
Type Public
Rector Prof. Dr. Velimir Stojkoski Vet. M.D.
Admin. staff 2,700
Students 50,700
Location Skopje,  Macedonia
Campus Urban
Affiliations EUA
Website www.ukim.edu.mk
Univerzitet Sv. Kiril i Metodij-logo.png

The Institute of Animal Biotechnoloogy is independent entity of the Faculty of Agricultural Science and Food in Skopje, and has educational and research role. In this institute is located the laboratory for GMO and Genetic Engineering.

Role[edit]

The institute organize graduate, postgraduate and doctoral studies in the fuild of animal biotechnology, animal genetic engineering, management of animal health, nutrition and control, food safety of animal origin, milk and dairy products, genetics and selection and etc. Except the educational role the institute main research goes through laboratory for GMO and Genetic Engineering. At the request of the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning in 2002 was a study on biosafety by the Head of the Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, in which extensive modifications were made possible, the manner of their creation, the levels of security depending on the type of modification of the organism in which it is created and the then state of the field in Macedonia. In cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency since early 2005, Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the Faculty of Agriculture and Food participated in a project titled "Improving the system of food safety in the Republic of Macedonia", which is focused on establishing system to control the presence of genetically modified organisms (GMO) in various types of food products. In June 2005, the laboratory was equipped with an automatic DNA analyzer, Real-time PCR and a new camera for documentation of the gels. Within this project were made and training of team members at the Institute for the Control of Foodstuffs in Lower Saxony, Department of Genetic Engineering and Laboratory for GMO control at the National Institute of Biology in Ljubljana, Slovenia, two renowned institutions the field of GMOs. This project was entirely funded by the International Atomic Energy Agency for a total of about 250,000 Euros. Ministry of Health, which includes a Directorate for Food, issued in 2006 authorizing the Laboratory of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and GM at the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food for the control of GMOs in different foodstuffs. Except for routine laboratory analysis and actively participate in the development of professional tests organized by the ISTA (International Seed Testing Association) proving the competence of staff and quality equipment that performed the analysis. But during the analysis down to a small percentage of GMO present in a nutritional product, there are many critical points that can lead to unrealistic results. The laboratory used different measures in order to maximally avoid these critical points. However, the rapid development of analytical techniques today shows that there are alternative methods that are far faster and have greater accuracy in terms of ever used. Moreover, the application of such methods in most cases shortens the time for analysis by reducing the procedures and thus the price of each copy skriniranje drastically decline. Except in the field of GM laboratory participated in the implementation of other projects in the field of genetic engineering and biotechnology. Because of their number on this occasion would only mentions: project "Application of molecular marker for stress syndrome in selection of pigs," project "Application of molecular markers for dairy proteins (κ-casein and β-aktoglobulin) in selection of dairy cows and sheep, an international project entitled "Identification and conservation of animal genetic resources in Southeastern Europe", financed by the Agricultural Faculty in Oslo, Norway and the project proposal TSE genotyping and breeding program in small ruminants in the Republic of Macedonia ".

Many enzymes are involved in the DNA replication fork.
A strip of eight PCR tubes, each containing a 100 μl reaction mixture
Figure 1a: A thermal cycler for PCR

Equipment[edit]

GMO Laboratory at the Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences in Skopje is located to 144 m2 and is organized into nine segments. Besides standard equipment, laboratory equipment and specific molecular biology such as: PCR machine, spectrophotometer with ultraviolet and visible light, with the centrifuge system for cooling water bath with mixer, complete equipment for each type of electrophoresis, bloteri, visualization system of gels and relevant software packages used in the laboratory computer data processing. The laboratory also has automated DNA sekvenator with extraordinary power skriniranje a large number of samples, while the precise analysis of the presence of GMOs in certain samples are performed with powerful Real-time PCR instrument. The implementation of activities will include a team of three biochemists and biologist, with extensive experience in their fields, and the person in charge of the project is the only Ph.D. in the field of GMOs in Macedonia.

External links[edit]