Institute of Chartered Accountants Australia
||This article is written like a personal reflection or opinion essay rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. (July 2013)|
|This article may rely excessively on sources too closely associated with the subject, preventing the article from being verifiable and neutral. (July 2013)|
|Institute of Chartered Accountants Australia (ICAA)
|Motto||Nec Timens Nec Favens (Without fear, Without favour)|
|Predecessor||Australasian Corporation of Public Accountants|
|Formation||19 June 1928|
|Legal status||Chartered body|
|Member's designations||CA, FCA|
|Governing body||Board of Directors|
|IFAC member since||1 October 1977|
The Institute of Chartered Accountants Australia (the Institute) is the professional accounting body representing Chartered Accountants in Australia. It has over 61,000 members and has some 12,000 students. It is one of the three major legally recognised Professional Accountancy bodies in Australia. The other two being Institute of Public Accountants (IPA) and CPA Australia. It is a founding member of the Global Accounting Alliance (GAA). Members of the Institute are part of the international accounting coalition of the world’s premier accounting bodies, the GAA. Chartered Accountants audit 100 per cent of the Top ASX-listed companies in Australia. Australian Chartered Accountants are recognised by the international accounting bodies of the leading financial centres of the world.
In November 2013 Members of The Institute of Chartered Accountants in Australia and the New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants voted yes on a proposal to create One New Institute: "Institute of Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand".
- 1 History
- 2 Admission to membership
- 3 Membership
- 4 Continuing education
- 5 Ethical Standards
- 6 Reciprocial agreements
- 7 University affiliation
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
Corporation of Accountants of Australia
The Corporation of Accountants of Australia was granted the official coat of arms by the College of Arms in 1905. In 1906, the Corporation of Accountants of Australia and the Sydney Institute of Public Accountants moved to create a national accounting body of all practising public accountants in Australia.
Australasian Corporation of Public Accountants
In 1907, negotiations between the Corporation of Accountants of Australia, the Sydney Institute of Public Accountants and the Institutes in Melbourne, resulted in the formation of the Australasian Corporation of Public Accountants (ACPA) on June 14. The ACPA membership was composed exclusively of practising public accountants.
Institute of Chartered Accountants Australia
The Institute of Chartered Accountants Australia was formed with the granting of a Royal Charter on 19 June 1928, to Thomas Brentnall, George Mason Allard and Henry Joshua Wise on behalf of the public accountants of Australia. The ICAA was the first accountancy body outside the United Kingdom to receive a Royal Charter.
On 26 October 1929 The Earl Marshal of England granted the current arms to the Institute. The arms include the Latin motto 'Nec Timens Nec Favens' which translates to 'Without Fear or Favour'.
Admission to membership
To become a member of the Institute, Chartered Accountants complete the Chartered Accountants Program which includes study of the Graduate Diploma in Chartered Accounting (GradDipCA) and three years of practical experience. Entry to the Program is available for graduates who hold an accounting degree, however those holding non-accounting degrees may also be permitted entry after some additional requirements are met.
To take this path you will have either a bachelor or master's degree in commerce, business or accounting from an Institute accredited Australian university. The commerce and business degrees will require a major in accounting, in order to qualify.
Non Accounting degree
There are three routes for non-accounting graduates can take to qualify for the Chartered Accountants Program:
- Institute accredited Graduate Conversion course: Available from most Australian universities
- Entrance exam: Available for non-accounting graduates with significant on-the-job accounting experience and employer support
- A Graduate Certificate of Chartered Accounting Foundations from Deakin University.
Graduate Diploma in Chartered Accounting
The GradDipCA component of the Chartered Accountants Program consists of the following five modules which each take approximately 14 weeks of part-time study to complete:
- Auditing and Assurance
- Management Accounting and Applied Finance (As of 1 January 2013)
- Financial Accounting and Reporting
- Ethics and Business Application
The Institute is the only Australian professional accounting body that is a government accredited Higher Education provider. Unlike other Australian accounting designations, the Chartered Accountants Program leads to the awarding of a Graduate Diploma. The Australian Chartered Accountant qualification is recognised as an “approved qualification” - a significant requirement for auditor registration purposes in the UK.
To meet the practical experience requirements to become a Chartered Accountant in Australia, you must:
- Be employed with an organisation recognised by the Institute for at least 17.5hpw whilst completing the GradDipCA
- Recording your work experience with a Chartered Accountant mentor
- Apply for full membership after completing the GradDipCA and accumulating at least three years of practical work experience.
There are a number for different membership categories:
- Members: Have the designation CA after their name.
- Fellows: Have the designation FCA (Fellow Chartered Accountant) after their name. These members have been nominated for advancement Fellowship and have been a continuous member for 10 years and have been in a senior position for seven years. To be advanced to Fellow the member must have demonstrated 'leadership'
- Affiliate membership: Have an accounting degree and at least five years membership, but have not completed the Chartered Accountants Program.
- Teacher of Accountancy: For teachers to obtain membership, they are required to have completed a Doctorate or Masters by research with a major in an accounting related field, held a senior academic position for not less than five years, have appropriate Australian Taxation and Corporation Law knowledge and have references from two Chartered Accountants and their Head of School, and another significant academic
- Certificate of Public Practice: Firms or members who offer their services to the public as 'Chartered Accountants'.
Chartered Accountants continue their education to ensure they are able to provide the highest standards of integrity and professionalism. A Chartered Accountant must complete a total of 120 hours of Continuing Professional Education every three years.
The institute collaborates with CPA Australia and the Institute of Public Accountants in supporting the Accounting Professional & Ethical Standards Board (APESB), founded in 2006. APESB publishes ethics-related standards that must be followed by accountants in Australia based on the international standards published by the International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants (IESBA).
As a member of the Global Accounting Alliance, the Institute has reciprocity agreements with the following overseas accounting bodies:
- American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)
- Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants (CICA)
- Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants (HKICPA)
- Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW)
- Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland (ICAI)
- Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland (ICAS)
- Institute of Public Auditors in Germany, Incorporated Association(IDW)
- Japan Institute of Certified Public Accountants (JICPA)
- New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants (NZICA)
- South African Institute of Chartered Accountants (SAICA)
- The Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants (MICPA)
The Institute works closely Australian universities and is a sponsor of the following student accounting organisations:
- University of Queensland Business Association (University of Queensland)
- The Business Students Association (Bond University)
- Financial Management Association (University of Melbourne)
- The Accountancy Students Association (Queensland University of Technology)
- Student Accounting Association (Griffith University)
- Tax Institute (Australia)
- List of Australian organisations with royal patronage
- Global Accounting Alliance
- International Qualification Examination
- University of Queensland Business Association
- Institute of Chartered Accountants Australia
- The Institute's Chartered Accountant Program
- The Institute's Training & Development
- Student Challenge
- Chartered Accountants on Facebook
- Follow Chartered Accountants on Twitter
- Chartered Accountants blog
- Chartered Accountants on YouTube
- Chartered Accountants on LinkedIn
- Resources (Professional Bodies in Australia)
- "Alliance Members". Global Accounting Alliance. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Khadem, Nassim (01 November 2013). "Accountants vote yes to trans-Tasman Institute. Next stop: Asia". BRW. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles (1915). The book of public arms : a complete encyclopedia of all royal, territorial, municipal, corporate, official, and impersonal arms". London: London, Edinburgh : T.C. & E.C. Jack. p. 8.
- Cooper, K. (2007). "Accounting by Women: Fear, Favour and the Path to Professional Recognition for Australian Women Accountants". Working Paper 14. School of Accounting & Finance, University of Wollongong. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Cooper, K. (1995). "Some Professionalisation Strategies Of Australian Accountancy". Working Paper 2. School of Accounting & Finance, University of Wollongong. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Altintas, Nalan (July 2012). "The Accounting Profession: A Descriptive Study of the Common and Code Law Countries". Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing. Vol. 8 (No. 7): 932–950. ISSN 1548-6583.
- Jones, Stewart (2010). Financial Accounting Theory, 3rd Edition. Victoria Australia: Cengage Learning Australia. ISBN 9780170182010.
- Murphy, Mary (Jan 1959). "Comparative Professional Accountancy - Australia". The Accounting Review 34 (1): 46–51.
- "Graduate Diploma of Chartered Accounting". myfuture. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- "FAQs Training requirements". ICAA. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- "About APESB". APESB. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
- "APESB at a Glance". APESB. Retrieved 2011-06-08.