Institute of Public Affairs

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This article is about an Australian free-market think tank. For the Polish think tank, see Institute of Public Affairs, Poland. For the Chilean institute, see Institute of Public Affairs of the University of Chile.

The Institute of Public Affairs (IPA) is a public policy think tank[1][2][3] based in Melbourne, Australia. It advocates free market economic policies such as privatisation and deregulation of state-owned enterprises, trade liberalisation and deregulated workplaces, climate change skepticism,[4] the abolition of the minimum wage,[5] the repeal of the parts of the Racial Discrimination Act 1975,[6] In its own words, the Institute believes in "the free market of ideas, the free flow of capital, a limited and efficient government, the rule of law, and representative democracy."[7]

The IPA was founded in the early 1940s, partly in response to the collapse of Australia's main conservative party, the United Australia Party.[original research?] The IPA was one of a number of groups which came together to form the Liberal Party of Australia, and became an important fund raising body for the Liberal Party in Victoria.[8] The IPA returned to prominence as a thinktank in the 1990s, following a merger with the Australian Institute of Public Policy, headed by John Hyde who became Executive Director.[citation needed]

Donors[edit]

The IPA funded by its membership which include both private individuals and businesses. Among these businesses are ExxonMobil,[9] Telstra, WMC Resources, BHP Billiton, Phillip Morris,[10] Murray Irrigation Limited,[11] and Visy Industries.

IPA donors have also included Clough Engineering, Caltex, Shell, and Esso.[2] Other donors were electricity and mining companies, as well as British American Tobacco (BAT).[2]

In 2003, the Australian Government paid $50,000 to the Institute of Public Affairs to review the accountability of NGOs.[3][12]

Political links[edit]

The Institute has close ideological and political affinities with the Liberal Party in Australia. For example, IPA Executive Director John Roskam's byline on a 2005 opinion column in the Australian Financial Review declares that, "during the 2001 federal election he worked on the Liberals' federal campaign".[13] He has also run for Liberal Party preselection.[14] Prime Minister John Howard (Liberal Party) delivered the 60th C D Kemp lecture to the Institute in 2004, titled Iraq: The Importance of Seeing it Through.[15]

Research focus[edit]

Since the early 1980s, the Institute has argued the case for a range of free-market and libertarian public policies, such as:[citation needed]

The IPA has affiliations with think tanks in the U.S., Canada, UK and Asia.[citation needed] It has a close relationship with the American Enterprise Institute, a right-wing US think-tank.[citation needed]

The IPA has made the following criticisms of proposals by the Australian government to introduce plain packaging of tobacco products:

  • Plain packaging may not affect the consumption of those products and [16][note 1]
  • Plain packaging may infringe intellectual property rights in tobacco trademarks and logos.

The IPA adopts a position of doubt about climate change and finances several Australian climate change science doubters.[17]

In 2008, the institute facilitated a donation of $350,000 by Dr G. Bryant Macfie, a climate change sceptic, to the University of Queensland for environmental research. The money is to fund three environmental doctoral projects, with the IPA suggesting two of the three agreed topics.[18]

Staff[edit]

John Roskam is the institute's executive director. Prior to his employment at the IPA, Roskam was the Executive Director of the Menzies Research Centre in Canberra.[19]

Other staff include:[20]

Publications[edit]

The IPA Review is published quarterly. ISSN 1329-8100 - January 2008 is Volume 59/4.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ipa.org.au/about
  2. ^ a b c Norington, Brad (12 August 2003). "Think tank secrets - National - smh.com.au". www.smh.com.au. Retrieved 11 April 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Millar, Royce & Schneiders, Ben (Sydney Morning Herals, 25 August 2013, Free radicals [about Institute of Public Affairs]. [1]
  4. ^ "Big donors dump IPA on climate scepticism". Sydney Morning Herald. 25 August 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "Institute of Public Affairs calls for the abolition of the minimum wage". Sydney Morning Herald. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  6. ^ "Conservative think tank the Institute of Public Affairs gives George Brandis race law ultimatum". Sydney Morning Herald. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  7. ^ Institute of Public Affairs | About IPA
  8. ^ Robert Menzies in Office at the National Archives of Australia
  9. ^ "The global warming sceptics - Science - www.theage.com.au". Melbourne: theage.com.au. 27 November 2004. Retrieved 2 November 2009. 
  10. ^ "Thinkers of Influence". The Age (Melbourne). 10 December 2005. 
  11. ^ Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Country Hour, 2004
  12. ^ Oxfam Australia, 2003, [2] Charities under attack.
  13. ^ Roskam, John (15 July 2005). "Sermons from the left". Financial Review. 
  14. ^ Koutsoukis, Jason (17 June 2005). "Party faces choice new blood or not". The Age (Melbourne). 
  15. ^ John Howard, 19 May 2004, Address to the Institute of Public Affairs.
  16. ^ Chris Berg, IPA Research Fellow, The Age, 17 April 2001, [3].
  17. ^ "The benefit of the doubt". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 May 2010. 
  18. ^ "Dispute over climate sceptic uni grant". The Australian. 7 May 2008. 
  19. ^ [4]
  20. ^ [5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Reference shows the opinion of an individual, not the IPA

External links[edit]