Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura
The Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura (INBAL, Spanish: National Institute of Fine Arts and Literature), located in the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City, is the national Mexican institute of fine arts and literature, founded on December 31, 1946. It is also called Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes (INBA).
On November 23, 1946, president Miguel Alemán proposed the creation of the INBA, and it was formally opened on 1 January 1947, as a branch of the Secretaría de Educación Pública (SEP). The first head of the INBA was Carlos Chávez, who created a new orchestra for the Conservatory, the current Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional.
The institute includes many departments, artistic ensembles, three national centers for storage of the literary stock, 29 schools and further institutions. The school of design and handicrafts was founded by José Chávez Morado in 1962.
The institute provides education from elementary school through postgrad; one of the educational institutions that INBAL manages is CEDARTS (centros de educación artística or artistic education centers, in English) which is focused on artistic education.
There are 12 CEDARTS on Mexico, 3 on Mexico city and the rest on some other states.
- CEDART "Alfonso Reyes" Monterrey, Nuevo León
- CEDART "David Alfaro Siqueiros" Chihuahua, Chihuahua
- CEDART "Diego Rivera" Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal
- CEDART "Emilio Abreu Gómez" Mérida, Yucatán
- CEDART "Frida Kahlo" Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal
- CEDART "Ignacio Mariano de las Casas" Querétaro, Querétaro
- CEDART "José Clemente Orozco" Guadalajara, Jalisco
- CEDART "José Eduardo Pierson" Hermosillo, Sonora
- CEDART "Juan Rulfo" Colima, Colima
- CEDART "Luis Spota Saavedra" Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal
- CEDART "Miguel Bernal Jiménez" Morelia, Michoacán
- CEDART "Miguel Cabrera" Oaxaca, Oaxaca
Alongside to the educational offerings, there are some museums, galleries and buildings under the INBAL management, that the institute often use to present different types of artistic entertainment to general public, such as "tempestad" or season of flamenco dance.
- INBAL (Spanish)