Instituto Politécnico Nacional

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National Polytechnic Institute
Instituto Politécnico Nacional
A cogwheel. On its right, the stylized form of a building. On its center, a scale in balance and a laboratory flask surrounded by a snake. On its top, the acronym "IPN".
Official Seal
Motto La Técnica al Servicio de la Patria[1]
Motto in English Technology to meet the needs of the Nation[2]
Established 1 January 1936[3]
Type Public
Dean Jesús Ávila Galinzoga[4]
Director Enrique Fernández Fassnacht[4]
General Secretary Fernando Arellano Calderón[4]
Academic staff 17,433[5]
Admin. staff 10,121[5]
Students 166,738[5]
Undergraduates 98,624[5]
Postgraduates 6,601[5]
Other students 61,513 (High school)[5]
Location Mexico City,  Mexico
19°30′02″N 99°08′23″W / 19.50056°N 99.13972°W / 19.50056; -99.13972Coordinates: 19°30′02″N 99°08′23″W / 19.50056°N 99.13972°W / 19.50056; -99.13972
Campus Several across Mexico, mostly urban[6]
Colors Maroon and white          
Athletics Burros Blancos (White Donkeys)
Águilas Blancas (White Eagles)
ONEFA Central Conference[7][8]
Sports 27 varsity teams[9]
Nickname Burros Blancos
Mascot White donkey[10]
Affiliations AMECYD,[11] ANUIES,[12] AUIP,[13] CLARA,[14] COMEPO,[15] CUDI,[16] ECOES,[17] OUI,[18] UDUAL,[19] Universia[20]
Faculty, students and organization data is for 2012.[5] High school students account for the difference between its total number of students and the sum of undergraduate and postgraduate students.

The Instituto Politécnico Nacional (Spanish for National Polytechnic Institute) (IPN) is one of the largest public universities in Mexico with 166,738 students[5] at the high school, undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It was founded on 1 January 1936 during the administration of President Lázaro Cárdenas del Río as a response to provide professional education to the most disadvantaged social classes in that historical period.[21]

The institute consists of 94 academic units offering 290 courses of study.[5] It includes 78 technical careers, 80 different undergraduate and 132 postgraduate programs.[5] Its main campus, called Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos or Zacatenco, is situated on approximately 530 acres (2.1 km2) north Mexico City.[6]

The IPN is based primarily in Mexico City and its suburbs, but with several research institutes and facilities distributed over 20 different states.[5]


Marquee at the main entrance of the Adolfo López Mateos campus

The Institute was founded on January 1, 1936 during the administration of President Lázaro Cárdenas in what had been previously known as the Ex hacienda Santo Tomás; a large estate initially owned by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in the 16th century[21] and donated by the federal government.[22]

Prominent astronomer Luis Enrique Erro, former revolutionary Juan de Dios Bátiz Paredes and former minister of education Narciso Bassols were among its initial promoters.[22]

During the administration of former Director Alejo Peralta, were given to IPN sufficient lands. For this purpose, were expropriated lands of Santa Maria Ticomán (213 ha) and San Pedro Zacatenco (43 ha).[6]

The construction of what is now the Professional Unit "Adolfo López Mateos" (Zacatenco) began in 1958. In 1959, former President Adolfo López Mateos, the former minister of education Jaime Torres Bodet, and former director of IPN Eugenio Mendez Docurro, inaugurated the first four buildings of Zacatenco, which were occupied by the Superior School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (ESIME) and the Superior School of Engineering and Architecture (ESIA).[6]



The Institute is organized around 94 academic units[5] including 18 vocational high schools (operates as CECyT), 26 university colleges, 20 scientific and technical research centers, 15 continuing education centers, 4 units for educational support, 3 support units for educational innovation, 7 support units for research, development and technological and enterprise foment, and a unit affiliated to science, enterprise research and development.

These schools are located primarily in Mexico City, although several extension and research facilities are distributed over 20 different states.[5]

Some units (particularly the semi-autonomous, internationally renowned CINVESTAV) enjoy a high degree of academic and budgetary freedom. The Institute as a whole is headed by a Director-general appointed by the President of Mexico, usually (but not always) after some consultation with members of its academic community.[23] Since 2009 its Director-general is Yoloxóchitl Bustamante Díez.

In addition its academic endeavors, and as part of its cultural promotion strategy, the Institute operates Once TV México, the oldest public broadcast service in Latin America[24] featuring original cultural, scientific, and entertainment programming, foreign shows and classic, rare, and non-commercial films from all over the world.


One of the schools of the National Polytechnic Institute specializing in business studies.

The Institute offers 80 undergraduate programs[5] leading to four or five-years bachelor degrees and 132 postgraduate programs[5] leading to 28 postgraduate diplomas,[5] 69 master's degrees[5] and 35 doctorate degrees.[5]

Like most public universities in the country, in addition to its undergraduate and graduate schools the Institute sponsors several vocational high schools called Centros de Estudios Científicos y Tecnológicos, C.E.C. y T., most of which are located in Greater Mexico City. Upon completion, they lead to a technician degree. For this level of study, the institute offers 78 technical careers.[5]


Main article: Águilas Blancas
Entrance to IPG

The polytechnic fields a total 27 varsity teams in various sports or activities such as archery, american football, athletics, baseball, basketball, body building, bowling, boxing, chess, cycling, frontenis, gymnastics, handball, indoor soccer, judo, karate, kendo, mountaineering, rowing, soccer, swimming, taekwondo, tennis, touch football, volleyball, weightlifting and wrestling.[9]

The university maintains a fierce rivalry with all the athletic teams from the National Autonomous University of Mexico but have a particularly bitter competition with its football program, the "Pumas Dorados" (Golden Pumas).

Notable people[edit]

Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico (1994–2000), at the World Economic Forum Summit on the Global Agenda 2008 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Jaime Torres Bodet Culture Center

Notable alumni[edit]

See also Category: Instituto Politécnico Nacional alumni

Scientists and technologists[edit]


Notable faculty[edit]

See also Category: Instituto Politécnico Nacional faculty

See also[edit]

gate at IPN


  1. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Lema" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  2. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "About Us". Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  3. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Compendio histórico 1930-1939" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c National Polytechnic Institute. "Directorio de Servidores Públicos de Mando y Dirección" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved November 19, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s National Polytechnic Institute. "Informe final 2010-2012" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d Universia Mexico (March 20, 2009). "Conmemora IPN 50 aniversario de la unidad "Adolfo López Mateos"" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. 
  7. ^ Vanguardia. "Se divide la ONEFA; Nacen la Conferencia del Centro y la Conferencia de los Seis Grandes" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Se divide la ONEFA, con la creación de la Conferencia del Centro" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b National Polytechnic Institute. "Disciplinas" (in Spanish). Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  10. ^ National Polytechnic Institute. "Mascota" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009. [dead link]
  11. ^ Asociación Mexicana de Educación Continua y a Distancia A.C. (AMECYD). "Instituciones Afiliadas" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  12. ^ Asociación Nacional de Universidades e Instituciones de Eduación Superior (ANUIES). "Instituciones Afiliadas, Distrito Federal" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  13. ^ Asociación Universitaria Iberoamericana de Postgrado (AUIP). "Asociadas a la AUIP" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  14. ^ Cooperación Latinoamericana de Redes Avanzadas (CLARA). "Miembros México" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  15. ^ Consejo Mexicano de Estudios de Posgrado A.C. (COMEPO). "COMEPO - Miembros Afiliados" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  16. ^ Corporación Universitaria para el Desarrollo de Internet A.C. (CUDI). "Membresía CUDI. Universidades, Centros e Instituciones de Investigación" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  17. ^ Espacio Común de Educación Superior (ECOES). "Instituciones Participantes" (in Spanish). Retrieved March 14, 2010. 
  18. ^ Organización Universitaria Interamericana (OUI). "Miembros" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  19. ^ Unión de Universidades de América Latina (UDUAL). "Directorio de Instituciones Afiliadas a la UDUAL" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  20. ^ Universia Mexico. "Instituto Politécnico Nacional" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  21. ^ a b National Polytechnic Institute. "Antecedentes del Centro Histórico y Cultural "Juan de Dios Bátiz"" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  22. ^ a b National Polytechnic Institute. "Historia" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on November 23, 2007. Retrieved November 25, 2007. 
  23. ^ La Jornada. "Villa Rivera: nombrar director del IPN, facultad sólo del Presidente" (in Spanish). Retrieved November 25, 2007. 
  24. ^ Canal Once. "Acerca de Canal Once" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved November 25, 2007. [dead link]

External links[edit]