Instituto Politécnico Nacional
|National Polytechnic Institute|
|Instituto Politécnico Nacional|
|Motto||La Técnica al Servicio de la Patria|
|Motto in English||Technology at the Service of the Homeland|
|Established||1 January 1936|
|Dean||Jesús Ávila Galinzoga|
|Director||Yoloxóchitl Bustamante Díez|
|General Secretary||Juan Manuel Cantú Vázquez|
|Other students||54.501 (High school)
136.985 (Continuing and distance education)
|Location||Mexico City, Mexico
|Campus||Several across Mexico, mostly urban|
|Colors||Maroon and white|
|Athletics||Burros Blancos (White Donkeys)
Águilas Blancas (White Eagles)
ONEFA Central Conference
|Sports||27 varsity teams|
|Affiliations||AMECYD, ANUIES, AUIP, CLARA, COMEPO, CUDI, ECOES, OUI, UDUAL, Universia|
|Faculty, students and organization data is for 2009. High school students account for the difference between its total number of students and the sum of undegraduate and postgraduate students.|
The Instituto Politécnico Nacional (Spanish for National Polytechnic Institute) (IPN), colloquially known as el Politécnico (the Polytechnic) or el Poli (the Poli) is one of the largest public universities in Mexico with 153.027 students at the high school, undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It was founded on 1 January 1936 during the administration of President Lázaro Cárdenas del Río as a response to provide professional education to the most disadvantaged social classes in that historical period.
The institute consists of 81 academic units offering 271 courses of study. It includes 65 technical careers, 78 different undergraduate and 128 postgraduate programs. Its main campus, called Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos or Zacatenco, is situated on approximately 530 acres (2.1 km2) north Mexico City.
The Institute was founded on January 1, 1936 during the administration of President Lázaro Cárdenas in what had been previously known as the Ex hacienda Santo Tomás; a large estate initially owned by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés in the 16th century and donated by the federal government.
During the administration of former Director Alejo Peralta, were given to IPN sufficient lands. For this purpose, were expropriated lands of Santa Maria Ticomán (213 ha) and San Pedro Zacatenco (43 ha).
The construction of what is now the Professional Unit "Adolfo López Mateos" (Zacatenco) began in 1958. In 1959, former President Adolfo López Mateos, the former minister of education Jaime Torres Bodet, and former director of IPN Eugenio Mendez Docurro, inaugurated the first four buildings of Zacatenco, which were occupied by the Superior School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (ESIME) and the Superior School of Engineering and Architecture (ESIA).
The Institute is organized around 81 academic units including 16 vocational high schools (operates as CECyT), 26 university colleges, 20 scientific and technical research centers, 12 continuing education centers, 2 support units for educational innovation, 2 development support units and business development and 3 Learning Support Units, located primarily in Mexico City, although several extension and research facilities are distributed over 17 different states.
Some units (particularly the semi-autonomous, internationally renowned CINVESTAV) enjoy a high degree of academic and budgetary freedom. The Institute as a whole is headed by a Director-general appointed by the President of Mexico, usually (but not always) after some consultation with members of its academic community. Since 2009 its Director-general is Yoloxóchitl Bustamante Díez.
In addition its academic endeavors, and as part of its cultural promotion strategy, the Institute operates Once TV México, the oldest public broadcast service in Latin America featuring original cultural, scientific, and entertainment programming, foreign shows and classic, rare, and non-commercial films from all over the world.
The Institute offers 78 undergraduate programs leading to four or five-years bachelor degrees and 128 postgraduate programs leading to 26 postgraduate diplomas, 70 master's degrees and 32 doctorate degrees.
Like most public universities in the country, in addition to its undergraduate and graduate schools the Institute sponsors several vocational high schools called Centros de Estudios Científicos y Tecnológicos, C.E.C. y T., most of which are located in Greater Mexico City. Upon completion, they lead to a technician degree. For this level of study, the institute offers 65 technical careers.
The polytechnic fields a total 27 varsity teams in various sports or activities such as archery, american football, athletics, baseball, basketball, body building, bowling, boxing, chess, cycling, frontenis, gymnastics, handball, indoor soccer, judo, karate, kendo, mountaineering, rowing, soccer, swimming, taekwondo, tennis, touch football, volleyball, weightlifting and wrestling.
The university maintains a fierce rivalry with all the athletic teams from the National Autonomous University of Mexico but have a particularly bitter competition with its football program, the "Pumas Dorados" (Golden Pumas).
||This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (September 2009)|
Scientists and technologists
- Guillermo González Camarena: television pioneer; inventor of an early color television transmission system.
- Jerzy Rzedowski: Plant scientist. He was a pioneer of Neotropical floristics.
- Esther Orozco: biology researcher, winner of the 1997 UNESCO/Institut Pasteur Medal and the 2006 L'Oréal-UNESCO Awards for Women in Science for her work on amoebiasis.
- Evangelina Villegas: biochemist laureated with the 2000 World Food Prize and whose work with maize led to the development of Quality Protein Maize (QPM).
- Pablo Rudomín: neuroscientist laureated with the Prince of Asturias Award (1987).
- Gilberto Calvillo Vives: president of the United Nations' Statistics Commission.
- Alberto Pérez Gómez: architectural historian and winner of the 1984 Alice Davis Hitchcock Award.
- Constantino Reyes-Valerio: Chemist and Art Historian, discovered the recipe to create Maya blue and coined the term Arte Indocristiano
- Raul Rojas:Born 1955, in Mexico City) is a professor of Computer Science and Mathematics at the Free University of Berlin and a renowned specialist in artificial neural networks. The FU-Fighters, football-playing robots he helped build, were world champions in 2004 and 2005. He is now leading an autonomous car project called Spirit of Berlin.
- Ernesto Zedillo: former President of Mexico (1994-2000).
- Josefina Vázquez Mota: former Secretary of Education and Congresswoman.
- Reyes Tamez: Secretary of Education during the Fox administration.
- Victor Bravo Ahuja: Secretary of Education during the Echeverría admninistration.
- Walter Cross Buchanan: Secretary of Communications and Transportation during the López Mateos administration
- José Antonio Padilla Segura: Secretary of Communications and Transportation during the Díaz Ordaz administration
- Eugenio Méndez Docurro: Secretary of Communications and Transportation during the Luis Echeverría administration
- Héctor Mayagoitia Domínguez: former Governor of Durango (1974-1979).
- Miguel Borge Martín: former Governor of Quintana Roo (1987-1993).
- Roberto Kobeh González: ICAO Council President (2006-to date)
- Alexander Balankin: scientist, winner of the 2005 UNESCO Science Prize for his works on fractal mechanics.
- Heberto Castillo: inventor of tridilosa and founder of several political parties.
- Juan O'Gorman: architect and painter.
- Arturo Rosenblueth: physician, physiologist, and noted researcher.
- Teodomiro González Rivera: Noted technology and foreign language professor.
- National Polytechnic Institute College of Engineering and Physical-Mathematic Sciences
- Estadio Wilfrido Massieu
- National Polytechnic Institute College of Biomedical Sciences
- National Polytechnic Institute College of Engineering and Physical-Mathematic Sciences
- National Polytechnic Institute College of Social and Administrative Sciences
- National Polytechnic Institute. "Lema" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009.
- National Polytechnic Institute. "Compendio histórico 1930-1939" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009.
- Presidencia del Decanato (IPN). "Personal de la Presidencia del Decanato" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- National Polytechnic Institute. "Página de la Directora General" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 15, 2009.[dead link]
- National Polytechnic Institute. "Directorio de Servidores Públicos de Mando y Dirección" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved March 30, 2010.[dead link]
- National Polytechnic Institute. "Estadística Institucional 2009" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved March 14, 2010.
- Universia Mexico (March 20, 2009). "Conmemora IPN 50 aniversario de la unidad "Adolfo López Mateos"" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009.
- Vanguardia. "Se divide la ONEFA; Nacen la Conferencia del Centro y la Conferencia de los Seis Grandes" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- esmas.com. "Se divide la ONEFA, con la creación de la Conferencia del Centro" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- National Polytechnic Institute. "Disciplinas" (in Spanish). Retrieved April 22, 2010.
- National Polytechnic Institute. "Mascota" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 6, 2009.[dead link]
- Asociación Mexicana de Educación Continua y a Distancia A.C. (AMECYD). "Instituciones Afiliadas" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- Asociación Nacional de Universidades e Instituciones de Eduación Superior (ANUIES). "Instituciones Afiliadas, Distrito Federal" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- Asociación Universitaria Iberoamericana de Postgrado (AUIP). "Asociadas a la AUIP" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- Cooperación Latinoamericana de Redes Avanzadas (CLARA). "Miembros México" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- Consejo Mexicano de Estudios de Posgrado A.C. (COMEPO). "COMEPO - Miembros Afiliados" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- Corporación Universitaria para el Desarrollo de Internet A.C. (CUDI). "Membresía CUDI. Universidades, Centros e Instituciones de Investigación" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- Espacio Común de Educación Superior (ECOES). "Instituciones Participantes" (in Spanish). Retrieved March 14, 2010.
- Organización Universitaria Interamericana (OUI). "Miembros" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- Unión de Universidades de América Latina (UDUAL). "Directorio de Instituciones Afiliadas a la UDUAL" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- Universia Mexico. "Instituto Politécnico Nacional" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- National Polytechnic Institute. "Antecedentes del Centro Histórico y Cultural "Juan de Dios Bátiz"" (in Spanish). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- National Polytechnic Institute. "Historia" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on November 23, 2007. Retrieved November 25, 2007.
- La Jornada. "Villa Rivera: nombrar director del IPN, facultad sólo del Presidente" (in Spanish). Retrieved November 25, 2007.
- Canal Once. "Acerca de Canal Once" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved November 25, 2007.[dead link]
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- (Spanish) Official website