Instruments used in general surgery

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Surgical instruments can be generally divided into six classes by function. These classes are:

  1. Cutting instruments
  2. Grasping or holding instruments
  3. Haemostatic forceps (instruments used to stop blood flow)
  4. Retractors
  5. Clamps and distractors
  6. Accessories and implants

Instruments used in general surgery are:[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] [8][9][10] [11][12][13]


Instrument class Image Uses Specific instruments
Articulator Artikulator.JPG Galotti articulator
Bone chisel Bone chisel.jpg Cutting instrument
Cottle cartilage crusher
Bone cutter Bone cutter.jpg Cutting instrument
Bone distractor Figure 2. A ‘Hip Distractor’ attached to a surgical table. This allows tension to be applied to the hip for arthroscopic access..png Clamps and distractors
Ilizarov apparatus Ilizarov2.jpg Accessories and implants
Intramedullary kinetic bone distractor Clamps and distractors
Bone drill Cutting instruments
Bone lever Knochenhebel.jpg Accessories and implants
Bone mallet Accessories
Bone rasp Cutting instruments
Bone saw Cutting instruments
Bone skid
Bone splint
Bone button
Caliper Accessories and implants Castroviejo caliper
Cannula Spackman cannula.jpg Accessories and implants Spackmann Cannula
Cautery Accessories and implants
Curette Uterine Curette 01.jpg for scraping or debriding biological tissue or debris in a biopsy, excision, or cleaning procedure Cutting instrument
Depressor
Dilator Medical instrument Eye ENT Nettleship's Punctum dilator.jpg Accessories and implants
Dissecting knife cutting instrument
surgical Pinzette Thumb forceps.JPG Grasping/holding
Dermatome Dermatome.png cutting instrument
Forceps, Dissecting Babcock.JPG Grasping/holding Adson
Forceps, Tissue Allis clamp 01.JPG Grasping/holding Allis Babcock
Forceps (Other) Backhaus clamp.svg Sponge Forceps
Acanthulus or Acanthabolos Thorn removal
Bone forceps Grasping/holding
Carmalt forceps haemostatic forceps kalabasa
Cushing forceps grasping/holding Non-toothed dissecting forceps
Dandy forceps haemostatic forceps
DeBakey forceps grasping/holding Non-toothed dissecting forceps designed for use on blood vessels
Doyen intestinal clamp clamps and distractors Non-crushing clamp designed for use on the intestines
Epilation forceps
Halstead forceps haemostatic forceps
Kelly forceps Kelly Forceps.svg haemostatic forceps
Kocher forceps Kocher grossklein totale.jpg haemostatic forceps
Mosquito forceps Medical Instrument Mosquito forceps.jpg haemostatic forceps
Hook retractor
Nerve hook retractor
Obstetrical hook retractor
Skin hook retractor
Lancet (scalpel) Various scalpels.png cutting
Luxator Dental luxator set.jpg
Lythotome
Lythotript
Mallet
Partsch mallet
Mammotome Mammotome.jpg
Needle holder Needle holder2.JPG grasping/holding Castroviejo Crilewood Mayo-Hegar Olsen-Hegar
Occluder
Osteotome Osteotome.1ger.jpg cutting
Epker osteotome cutting
Periosteal elevator Farabeauf periosteal elevator.jpg cutting
Joseph elevator cutting
Molt periosteal elevator cutting
Obweg periosteal elevator cutting
Septum elevator cutting
Tessier periosteal elevator cutting
Probe
Retractor Surgical retractor Orem 2.jpg retractor
Deaver retractor Deaver retractor 02.JPG retractor
Gelpi retractor retractor
Weitlaner retractor retractor
USA-Army/Navy retractor retractor
O'Connor-O'Sullivan retractor
Mathieu Retractor retractor
Jackson Tracheal Hook retractor
Crile Retractor retractor
Meyerding Finger Retractor retractor
Little Retractor retractor
Love Nerve Retractor retractor
Green Retractor retractor
Goelet Retractor retractor
Cushing Vein Retractor retractor
Langenbeck Retractor retractor
Richardson Retractor retractor
Richardson-Eastmann Retractor retractor
Kelly Retractor retractor
Parker Retractor retractor
Parker-Mott Retractor retractor
Roux Retractor retractor
Mayo-Collins Retractor retractor
Ribbon Retractor retractor
Alm Retractor retractor
Self Retaining Retractors West, Travers and Norfolk & Norwich
Weitlaner Retractor
Beckman-Weitlaner Retractor
Beckman-Eaton Retractor
Beckman Retractor
Adson Retractor
Rib spreader
Rongeur cutting instrument
Ultrasonic scalpel cutting
Laser scalpel Sharplan 40C.jpg cutting
Scissors Nożyczki Mayo.svg cutting
Iris scissors Ciseauxfins2.jpg cutting
Kiene scissors cutting
Metzenbaum scissors Metzenbaum scissors 04.jpg To dissect soft tissue, etc. cutting
Mayo scissors Surgical instruments3.JPG To cut suture, etc. cutting
Tenotomy scissors cutting
Spatula
Speculum Spéculum en plastique.jpg retractor
Mouth speculum retractor
Rectal speculum retractor
Sim's vaginal speculum Sim's double-bladed vaginal speculum1.jpg retractor
Cusco's vaginal speculum Cusco's selfretaining bivalve vaginal speculum behind.jpg retractor
Sponge bowl accessories and implants
Sterilization tray accessories and implants
Sternal saw cutting
Suction tube accessories and implants
Surgical elevator Lecluse's elevator 01.jpg
Surgical hook Крючок хирургический трехзубый острый.jpg
Surgical knife
Surgical mesh accessories and implants
Surgical needle Surgical needles.jpg accessories and implants
Surgical snare
Surgical sponge
Surgical spoon 3 scharfe loffel.jpg
Surgical stapler Surgical stapler & cutter linear.JPG accessories and implants
Surgical tray
Suture Atraumatisches Nahtmaterial 17.JPG
Tongue depressor Lack's Longue Depressor ENT Instrument Medical.jpg
Tonsillotome
Towel clamp Towel Clamps 01.jpg clamp
Towel forceps clamp
Backhaus towel forceps Backhaus clamp.svg
Lorna towel forceps
Tracheotome
Tissue expander accessories and implant
Subcutaneous inflatable balloon expander accessories and implants
Trephine Trepan, Nordisk familjebok.png cutting instrument
Trocar Trocar.jpg cutting instrument

References[edit]

  1. ^ Living with an Ilizarov/Taylor Spatial Frame UK newspaper article
  2. ^ ilizarov.com (English)
  3. ^ Children with Tracheostomies Resource Guide, by Marilyn K. Kertoy, p. 15 (Google book search)
  4. ^ Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary
  5. ^ Rob Toreki (1 December 2004). "Cannulas". The Glassware Gallery. Interactive Learning Paradigms Incorporated. 
  6. ^ Practical approach to nephrostomy
  7. ^ See Mr R McElroy for details of various operations and the unintended effects of chemical cauterization
  8. ^ Ring, Malvin (July 2001). "How a Dentist's Name Became a Synonym for a Life-saving Device: The Story of Dr. Charles Stent". Journal of the History of Dentistry 49 (2): 77–80. PMID 11484317. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  9. ^ How do they get the hole through a hypodermic needle?
  10. ^ Bonfils-Roberts, E (May 1972). "The Rib Spreader: A Chapter in the History of Thoracic Surgery" (PDF). Chest 61 (5): 469–474. doi:10.1378/chest.61.5.469. ISSN 0012-3692. PMID 4558402. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 
  11. ^ "General Instrument Sourcebook - KMedic" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-02-10. 
  12. ^ Bailey & Love’s SHORT PRACTICE OF SURGERY (23rd ed.). ISBN 0-340-75949-6. 
  13. ^ Gould, George M. (1934). Gould's Pocket Pronouncing Medical Dictionary (10th (rev) ed.). P. Blakiston's Son & Co., Inc.