Instruments used in medical laboratories

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Instruments used in general in laboratories, including:

[1][2][3]


Instrument list[edit]

Instrument Uses
Test tube vide link
Folin-Wu tube for blood glucose

determination || used in Folin and Wu's method of non-enzymatic estimation of blood glucose.

Glass slide and cover slips in microscopy, serology,

etc. as the solid backing on which test samples are taken.

Petri dish used for preparation of culture media, and

culture of organisms therein.

A glass beaker reagent storage
A glass flask gastric acid, or other fluid

titration

Pasteur pipette for aspiration and addition of reagents
Graduated pipettes for aspiration and addition of reagents,

often of minuscule amounts of the material. Used mainly in colorimetry.

Syringes and needles vide link
Disposable gloves prevention of transmission of

diseases (as long a not cut or perforated) to or from the user.

Tourniquet used to cause an artificial venous stasis by

applying pressure through this rubber tube. It leads to engorgement of the veins allowing them to be seen better. Used for intravenous injections and cannulation.

Microscope used for visualising minute structures including

microbes.

Bunsen burner or spirit lamps or candles source of fire / heat
Ultracentrifuge used to separate particles dispersed in a

liquid according to their molecular mass

Electrophoresis apparatus used to detect and classify [[serum

proteins]] or proteins from any other source. Also used for DNA separation.

Chromatography: vide links for details
Gas Chromatography or Gas Liquid Chromatography(GLC) -do-
Planar Chromatography -do-
Paper Chromatography -do-
Thin layer chromatography -do-
Affinity chromatography -do-
Ion exchange chromatography -do-
Size exclusion chromatography -do-
Countercurrent chromatography -do-
Countercurrent chromatography -do-
Hematology analyzer -do-
Semiauto analyzer -do-
reflotron -do-
Setup for Radioimmunoassay or RIA

previously it was widely used to detect various things in bold fluids like proteins (natural, infective, those produced by the body in reaction to disease, cancer related), tumor markers, hormones, viruses (hepatitis, HIV, etc.), etc.

Setup for Enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA)

presently it is widely used to detect various things in bold fluids like

proteins (natural, infective,  those produced by the body in 

reaction to disease, cancer related), tumor markers, hormones, viruses (hepatitis, HIV, etc.), etc. It has replaced RIA

Colorimeter used in photochemical

analysis and quantitative estimation of substances ranging from [[blood sugar]], to creatinine, hemoglobin, etc.

Burette used to measure amount of the acid / alkali

used in titration

General laboratory stands, racks, filter paper, reagents, etc.
Induction coils as a source of high voltage electricity
Cathode ray oscilloscope vide link
Recording Kymograph historically, used in or human animal

experiments to measure and record data.

Long extension kymograph historically, used in or human animal

experiments to measure and record data.

Surface Plasmon Resonance Label free detection of molecule

binding. Used to determine kinetic constants of the interaction(ka, kd, KD). Can also be used for thermodynamic analysis.

Image gallery[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Practical Pathology by Dr. P. Chakraborty n Dr. G. Chakraborty, ISBN 81-7381-332-9
  2. ^ Robbins and Cotran Review of Pathology ISBN 0-7216-0194-4
  3. ^ Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, Bertram G. Katzung, ISBN 978-0-07-141092-2