The Insular Region of Colombia includes the oceanic islands outside of the continental territories. In the Caribbean this includes the San Andrés and Providencia Islands near the coast of Nicaragua and the many coastal islands along mainland Colombia. In the Pacific is includes Gorgona Island and Malpelo Island. The ecosystems and wildlife found on these island are respective to the mainland areas they are near to. For example, the terrestrial habitat on Gorgona Island is tropical rainforest similar to what is found in the Pacific lowlands.
- Gorgona Island (Isla Gorgona): 35 km (22 mi) off the coast of Cauca Department near the town of Guapi
- Gorgonilla Island (Isla Gorgonilla): smaller island next to Gorgona Island
- Malpelo Island (Isla Malpelo): 500 km (310 mi) off the Colombian coast
- Palm Island (Isla Palma): at the mouth of Málaga Bay (Bahía Málaga)