Intef III

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Intef III
Inyotef III
Intef III on the Silsileh petroglyph.
Intef III on the Silsileh petroglyph.
Pharaoh of Egypt
Reign 2069–2061 BC, 11th dynasty
Predecessor Intef II
Successor Mentuhotep II
Consort(s) Iah
Children Mentuhotep II, Neferu II
Father Intef II
Died 2061 BC

Intef III was a Pharaoh in Egypt of the Eleventh Dynasty during the First Intermediate Period. The Turin canon gives him a short reign of 8 years.[3] He was buried in a saff tomb at El-Tarif.

Biography[edit]

His Horus name was Nakhtnebtepnefer, which translates to "Horus, the victorious one, Lord of the good beginning". He was buried in a saff-tomb at el-Tarif (Thebes), and little is known about his deeds.

Intef successfully defended the territory that Intef II had won and held territory as far as the seventeenth nome of Upper Egypt. He restored a ruined tomb of a deified prince named Hekayeb at Aswan.[4] After a short and peaceful 8 year reign, he was succeeded by his son Mentuhotep II. Intef III was buried in a saff (row) tomb at El-Tarif (near Thebes) next to Intef I and Intef II, and near Deir el-Bahri (the site of Montuhotep II's Mortuary Temple).

Family[edit]

Intef III was the son of his predecessor Intef II. This is proved by the stela of Tjeti, an official of the time, Chief treasurer during the reigns of Intef II and Intef III. Tjeti's stele mentions the death of Intef II and goes on describing how Tjeti served Intef II's son who acceded to the throne upon the death of his father "Then, when his son assumed his place, Horus, Nakht-neb-Tepnefer, King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Son of Re, Intef, fashioner of beauty, living like Re, forever, I followed him to all his good seats of pleasure."

Intef III possibly married his sister Iah, described as a mwt-nswt King's mother, s3t-nswt King's daughter and hmt-nTr-hwt-Hr, priestess of Hathor. It is believed that their son was Mentuhotep II who succeeded in reunifying Egypt in the 39th year of his reign, as well as a daughter Neferu II who married her brother.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clayton, Peter A. Chronicle of the Pharaohs: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. p72. 2006. ISBN 0-500-28628-0
  2. ^ Clayton, Peter A. Chronicle of the Pharaohs: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. p72. 2006. ISBN 0-500-28628-0
  3. ^ Column 5, row 15.
  4. ^ Sir Alan Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs, Oxford University Press 1961, p. 120

Further reading[edit]

  • W. Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: History, Archaeology and Society, Duckworth, London 2006 ISBN 0-7156-3435-6, 15-17
Preceded by
Intef II
Pharaoh of Egypt
Eleventh Dynasty
Succeeded by
Mentuhotep II