Integralismo Lusitano (Lusitanian Integralism) was a Portuguese integralist political movement, founded in Coimbra in 1914, that advocated traditionalism but not conservatism. It was against parliamentarism; instead, it favored decentralization, national syndicalism, the Roman Catholic Church, and the monarchy. It was especially active during the Portuguese First Republic. Lusitanian Integralism is a variant of Integralism that evolved in Portugal; the term Lusitania is derived from the Latin term for Portugal.
Initially supportive of the last king, Manuel II, they nonetheless refused to back him after 1920, following the attempts to restore the monarchy initiated in Monsanto (Lisbon) and during the Monarchy of the North. Instead, they supported Manuel's cousin, Miguel of Braganza.
Integralismo Lusitano's notable members included António Sardinha, Alberto de Monsaraz, José Pequito Rebelo, José Hipólito Vaz Raposo, Leão Ramos Ascensão, Luís de Almeida Braga, and Francisco Rolão Preto. Preto later asserted himself as leader of the National Syndicalists (Movimento Nacional-Sindicalista), and he became an opponent of António de Oliveira Salazar (and the Estado Novo party).
The leadership remained active during the 1917-1918 rule when it supported the leadership of Sidónio Pais. But, it also backed the Ditadura Nacional (National Dictatorship), established following the 28 May 1926 coup d'état.
- Ramos Ascensão, Leão, O Integralismo Lusitano, Edições Gama, 1943. (http://www.causanacional.net/INTEGRALISMO.pdf)
- Machado, Diamantino P. (1991), The Structure of Portuguese Society: The Failure of Fascism, Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Publishers
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