Intelligence Corps (United Kingdom)

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Intelligence Corps
Int corps badge 6cm.jpg
Badge of the Intelligence Corps
Active 1914–29
15 July 1940–
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Role Military Intelligence
Size 7 Battalions
HQ Directorate Intelligence Corps Chicksands (1997–)
Templer Barracks (−1997)
Maresfield
Nickname Int Corps, Green slime
Motto Manui Dat Cognitio Vires
Knowledge gives strength to the arm
Beret Cypress green
March Rose & Laurel (quick)
Purcell’s Trumpet Tune and Ayre (slow)
Website army.mod.uk/intelligence
Commanders
Colonel-in-Chief HRH The Duke of Edinburgh KG, KT, OM, GBE, AC, QSO, PC
Colonel Commandant General Sir Nick Houghton
British Army arms and services
Flag of the British Army.svg
Combat Arms
Royal Armoured Corps
Infantry
Special Air Service
Army Air Corps
Special Reconnaissance Regiment
Combat Support Arms
Royal Artillery
Royal Engineers
Royal Corps of Signals
Intelligence Corps
Combat Services
Royal Army Chaplains' Department
Royal Logistic Corps
Army Medical Services
Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
Adjutant General's Corps
Small Arms School Corps
Royal Army Physical Training Corps
General Service Corps
Corps of Army Music
For the Israel Defense Forces corps, see Intelligence Corps (Israel).

The Intelligence Corps (Int Corps) is one of the corps of the British Army. It is responsible for gathering, analysing and disseminating military intelligence and also for counter-intelligence and security. The Director of the Intelligence Corps is a Brigadier.

History[edit]

In the early 1900s intelligence gathering was becoming better understood, to the point where a counter-intelligence organisation was formed – MI5 by the Directorate of Military Intelligence (DoMI) under Captain (later Major-General) Vernon Kell; overseas intelligence gathering began in 1912 by MI6 under Commander (later Captain) Mansfield Smith-Cumming.[1]

First World War[edit]

Although the first proposals to create an intelligence corps came in 1905, the first Intelligence Corps was formed in August 1914 and originally included only officers and their servants. It left for France on 12 August 1914.[2] The Royal Flying Corps was formed to monitor the ground, and provided aerial photographs for the Corps to analyse.[3]

Irish War of Independence[edit]

During the Irish War of Independence, Intelligence Corps operatives were used in an unsuccessful battle to defeat the Irish Republican Army. The Cairo Gang were overwhelmingly Intelligence Corps operatives. On Bloody Sunday, 1920, twelve of these agents were assassinated at their lodgings by Michael Collins' Squad. Due to this and similar failures, the Intelligence Corps was disbanded in 1929.[3]

Second World War[edit]

On 19 July 1940 a new Intelligence Corps was created by Army Order 112 and has existed since that time. The Army had been unprepared for collecting intelligence for deployment to France, and the only intelligence had been collected by Major Sir Gerald Templer. The Corps trained its operatives to parachute at RAF Ringway, who were then dropped over France as part of the Special Operations Executive (SOE). Intelligence Corps officers were involved in forming the highly-effective Long Range Desert Group, and the Corps officer Lt Col Peter Clayton was one of the four founders of the Special Air Service (SAS). Around 40% of British Army personnel at Bletchley Park were in the Intelligence Corps.[4]

Cold War[edit]

The Corps gained its regimental march in 1956, first played at Kneller Hall, the home of the Royal Military School of Music. From August 1957, the Corps first had a permanent cadre of officers; previously all personnel serving in the corps were officers from other parts of the army, on occasional tours. Throughout the Cold War, Intelligence Corps officers and NCOs (with changed insignia) were posted behind the Iron Curtain in East Germany, to join in the intelligence-gathering activities of the British Commanders'-in-Chief Mission to the Soviet Forces in Germany (Brixmis).[5]

Designation[edit]

On 1 February 1985 the corps was officially declared an 'Arm' (combat support) instead of a 'Service' (rear support).[4]

Corps traditions[edit]

Intelligence Corps personnel wear a distinctive cypress green beret with a cap badge consisting of a union rose (a red rose with a white centre) between two laurel branches and surmounted by a crown. (According to the late Gavin Lyall, the Intelligence Corps cap badge is referred to jokingly as "a rampant pansy resting on its laurels".) Their motto is Manui Dat Cognitio Vires ("Knowledge gives Strength to the Arm"). The corps' quick march is "The Rose & Laurel" while its slow march is Purcell's "Trumpet Tune & Ayre".[6]

Locations[edit]

Their headquarters, formerly at Maresfield, East Sussex, then Templer Barracks at Ashford, Kent, moved in 1997 to the former Royal Air Force station at Chicksands in Bedfordshire along with the Defence Intelligence and Security Centre and the Intelligence Corps Museum.[6]

Training and promotion[edit]

The corps has a particularly high proportion of commissioned officers, many of them commissioned from the ranks, and also a high percentage of female members. Non-commissioned personnel join as an Operator Military Intelligence (OPMI) or Operator Military Intelligence (Linguist) (OPMI(L)). They do basic 14-week military training at the Army Training Centre, Pirbright.[7] OPMI will complete a 27-week special-to-arm training at Templer Training Delivery Wing, Chicksands, at the end of which they are promoted to Lance Corporal.[8]

Chicksands camp

Structure[edit]

The main formation is 1 Military Intelligence Brigade. 1 MI Brigade has responsibility for three regular and two Territorial Army battalions:

  • 1 Military Intelligence Battalion – Catterick
  • 2 Military Intelligence Battalion – Trenchard Lines, Upavon
  • 3 Military Intelligence Battalion (Volunteer) – London
  • 4 Military Intelligence Battalion – Bulford
  • 5 Military Intelligence Battalion (Volunteer) – Coulby Newham
  • 6 Military Intelligence Battalion (Volunteer)
  • 7 Military Intelligence Battalion (Volunteer)

1 MI Brigade is part of Force Troops Command.

Notable personnel[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The spymaster who was stranger than fiction". The Independent. 29 October 1999. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Clayton 1996, p. 18-20.
  3. ^ a b "History of the Intelligence Corps, p. 3". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  4. ^ a b History of the Intelligence Corps, p. 4
  5. ^ Gibson 2012, p. 57
  6. ^ a b History of the Intelligence Corps, p. 5
  7. ^ "ATC Pirbright". Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  8. ^ "Intelligence Corps opportunities". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 

External links and further reading[edit]

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
Royal Army Dental Corps
Order of Precedence Succeeded by
Royal Army Physical Training Corps