Inter-American Convention on the International Return of Children

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Inter-American Convention on the International Return of Children
Signed July, 15 1989
Location Montevideo, Uruguay
Effective November 4, 1994
Condition 2 ratifications
Signatories 13
Parties 14
Depositary General Secretariat of the Organization of American States
Languages English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish

The Inter-American Convention on the International Return of Children is a treaty of the Organization of American States and was adopted at Montevideo, Uruguay on July, 15 1989 at the Fourth Inter-American Specialized Conference On Private International Law. Its entry into force was November 4, 1994.[1]

The convention begins by broadly describing its intent in Article 1:

The purpose of this Convention is to secure the prompt return of children habitually resident in one State Party who have been wrongfully removed from any State to a State Party or who, having been lawfully removed, have been wrongfully retained. This Convention further seeks to secure enforcement of visitation and custody rights of parties entitled to them.[2]

Over half of the 35 member states of the Organisation of American States are party to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, and over a third of the member states are also party to the Inter-American Convention on the International Return of Children. When a state is party to both conventions, Article 34 of the Inter-American Convention assigns priority to the Inter-American Convention over the Hague Abduction Convention unless otherwise agreed upon between the states individually.[3]

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