InterVarsity Hockey

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InterVarsity Hockey refers to Field Hockey competitions in Australia between rival universities, dating back to 1908. The Men's and Women's competitions were organised and run separately until 1978, when they became a 'combined InterVarsity' (held at the same time and venue), before becoming part of the Australian University Games in 1993.

Beginnings[edit]

The first InterVarsity match was played in 1908 when a team of women students from Melbourne University Hockey Club traveled to Adelaide, SA, to take on a team from The University of Adelaide. The visitors were entertained with a range of activities - a concert, a dance, a drive to the hills and a skating rink evening, and even a special fire brigade practice,[1] with Adelaide winning the contest 3-1.[2] A return match was played in 1909 on the Melbourne University Oval, and won by the home side 3-0.[3]

The first Men's InterVarsity competition occurred in 1909, between students from Melbourne University Hockey Club and Sydney University Hockey Club, on the Melbourne University Oval. "An invitation was received from the Melbourne University to send a team over some time during the season, which was accepted after due consideration by the committee. It is probable that the visit will take place during the June vacation and a match en route against Wagga or Wangaratta may be arranged."[4] This match was won by Melbourne, 6-2.

Women's InterVarsity Hockey[edit]

Early Results[edit]

The first two Women's InterVarsity contests (1908 & 1909) were played between Melbourne and Adelaide, with the addition of Sydney in 1910[note 1] and The University of Queensland after World War I in 1919.

The University of Western Australia first competed in 1925[6] and The University of Tasmania in 1929, though both universities did not compete regularly until after World War II.

Year Venue Champion
1908[2] Adelaide, SA The University of Adelaide
1909[3] Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1910[7] Adelaide, SA The University of Sydney
1911[8] Melbourne, VIC The University of Sydney
1912[9] Adelaide, SA The University of Melbourne
1913 Sydney, NSW Not contested[10] (due to smallpox outbreak in Sydney[11])

Women's Hockey Cup[edit]

The Women's Hockey Cup

The Women's Hockey Cup[12] is awarded to the Champion Women's University at InterVarsity Competition.

At the 1912 tournament, it was agreed that purchase of a trophy should be arranged, and the Melbourne University Sports Union was subsequently approached to provide £5 for this purpose. It was unable to assist, but the President of the Sports Union, Professor Baldwin Spencer (who had played hockey at Oxford, and been a key figure in the creation of the Melbourne University Hockey Club), offered to "see what could be done privately".[13]

By the time of the next contest in 1914, a 'Championship Cup' had indeed be obtained. When Melbourne won it for the seventh time in 1926, they were deemed to have won the cup outright,[14] however the following year they presented it to be used for perpetual competition.[15]

The inscription reads:

INTER-UNIVERSITY

WOMEN'S
HOCKEY CUP.
Won Outright
by Melbourne
in 1926
and presented
for
Perpetual

Competition
Year Venue Champion
1914[16] Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1915-1918 Competition suspended due to World War I
1919[16] Sydney, NSW The University of Melbourne
1920[16] Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1921[17][note 2] Sydney, NSW The University of Melbourne
1922[18][note 2] Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1923[19][note 2] Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
1924[20][note 2] Brisbane, QLD The University of Queensland
1925[21][note 2] Adelaide, SA The University of Melbourne
1926 Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1927 Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
1928 Brisbane, QLD The University of Sydney
1929 Hobart, TAS The University of Melbourne
1930 Adelaide, SA The University of Adelaide
1931 Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1932 Sydney, NSW The University of Melbourne
1933 Brisbane, QLD The University of Melbourne
1934 Adelaide, SA The University of Melbourne
1935 Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1936 Sydney, NSW
The University of Melbourne
The University of Queensland
1937 Hobart, TAS Not Contested (cancelled due to Infantile Paralysis Epidemic[22])
1938 Hobart, TAS University of Tasmania
1939[23][note 2] Brisbane, QLD The University of Melbourne
1940-1945 Competition suspended due to World War II
1946 Adelaide, SA
The University of Western Australia
The University of Melbourne
The University of Sydney
1947 Melbourne, VIC The University of Adelaide
1948 Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
1949 Brisbane, QLD The University of Sydney
1950 Hobart, TAS The University of Adelaide
1951 Adelaide, SA The University of Adelaide
1952 Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1953 Perth, WA
The University of Melbourne
The University of Western Australia
1954 Hobart, TAS The University of Melbourne
1955 Brisbane, QLD The University of Melbourne
1956
The University of Melbourne
The University of Sydney
1957 Hobart, TAS University of Tasmania
1958 Perth, WA The University of Western Australia
1959 The University of Melbourne
1960 The University of Sydney
1961 The University of Adelaide
1962 Not Engraved
1963 The University of Western Australia
1964
The University of Melbourne
The University of Adelaide
1965 The University of Melbourne
1966
The University of Adelaide
The University of Western Australia
1967 The University of Adelaide
1968 Hobart, TAS The University of Melbourne
1969 The University of Melbourne
1970 Monash University
1971 Adelaide, SA University of Tasmania
1972 The University of Sydney
1973 The University of Western Australia
1974 Adelaide, SA The University of Western Australia
1975 Newcastle, NSW The University of Western Australia
1976 The University of New England
1977 Perth, WA The University of Western Australia
1978 Canberra, ACT The University of Sydney
1979 Hobart, TAS University of Tasmania
1980 Melbourne, VIC The University of New England
1981 The University of Queensland
1982 Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1983 University of Tasmania
1984 Wollongong, NSW The University of Queensland
1985 Sydney, NSW The University of Queensland
1986 Adelaide, SA The University of Sydney
1987 Brisbane, QLD The University of Queensland
1988 Newcastle, NSW The University of Sydney
1989 Sydney, NSW University of New South Wales
1990 Hobart, TAS The University of Melbourne
1991 Perth, WA The University of New England
1992 Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1993 Brisbane, QLD The University of Queensland
1994 Wollongong, NSW University of Wollongong
1995 Darwin, NT The University of Sydney
1996 Canberra, ACT The University of Sydney
1997 Melbourne, VIC Deakin University
1998 Melbourne, VIC Deakin University
1999 Perth, WA The University of Sydney
2000 Ballarat, VIC The University of Sydney
2001 Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
2002 Adelaide, SA The University of Sydney
2003 Newcastle, NSW The University of Sydney
2004 Perth, WA Queensland University of Technology
2005 Brisbane, QLD Charles Sturt University
2006[24] Adelaide, SA The University of Sydney
2007[24] Gold Coast, QLD The University of Sydney
2008[24] Melbourne, VIC Queensland University of Technology
2009[24] Gold Coast, QLD The University of Western Australia
2010[24] Perth, WA The University of Western Australia
2011[24] Gold Coast, QLD The University of Melbourne
2012[24] Adelaide, SA The University of Sydney
2013[24] Gold Coast, QLD The University of Melbourne
2014[24] Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney

Number of Wins[edit]

Rank University Outright Wins Joint Wins Total
1 The University of Melbourne 28 5 33
2 The University of Sydney 23 2 25
3 The University of Western Australia 8 3 11
4 The University of Adelaide 7 2 9
5 The University of Queensland 6 1 7
6 University of Tasmania 5 0 5
7 The University of New England 3 0 3
8 Deakin University 2 0 2
9 Queensland University of Technology 2 0 2
10 Charles Sturt University 1 0 1
11 Monash University 1 0 1
12 University of New South Wales 1 0 1
13 University of Wollongong 1 0 1

Competition Format[edit]

The initial format was a head-to-head match between Melbourne and Adelaide. As the competition gradually expanded with the addition of the other sandstone universities, it became a simple round-robin format with the winner being the team with the most points. Whether by accident or design, the competition frequently came down to the final day of matches to determine the winner.

In 1925 Melbourne and Adelaide were tied on points, and an additional 'deciding match' was scheduled (won by Melbourne).[21] When Melbourne and Queensland tied on points in 1936, the premiership was instead shared, but Melbourne retained the Women's Hockey Cup as they had won it the previous year.[25] In 1946, Western Australia, Melbourne and Sydney all tied for first, with the trophy being awarded to Western Australia on the basis of goal difference[26] (though Melbourne were the most recent winners, back in 1939).

With the number of competing universities increasing again from the 1960s onwards, the round-robin competition began to be split into two pools, followed by a knockout finals & classification series. As part of the Australian University Games, the round-robin-then-finals format has continued, but whether teams are split into pools varies from year-to-year. Also, depending on numbers the competition may be split into two divisions (based on rankings from the previous year), with the Women's Hockey Cup and overall InterVarsity premiership going to the winners of the 'Gold Medal match' in Division 1.

Men's InterVarsity Hockey[edit]

Early Results[edit]

Initial competitions included only Melbourne and Sydney.

Year Venue Champion
1909[27] Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1910[28] Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
1911[29] Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1912[30] Sydney, NSW The University of Melbourne
1913[10][31] Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1914[32] Sydney, NSW The University of Melbourne
1915-1918 Competition suspended due to World War I
1919[33] Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1920[34] Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
1921[35] Melbourne, VIC The University of Sydney
1922[36] Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
1923[37] Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1924[38] Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney

The annual match expanded to a triangular competition in 1924 with the addition of The University of Queensland,[39] and then further when Adelaide joined in 1928.[40] The University of Western Australia first competed in 1934 and The University of Tasmania in 1947.

The Syme Cup[edit]

The Syme Cup

The Syme Cup[12] is awarded to the Champion Men's University at InterVarsity Competition. It was awarded for the first time in 1925, having been donated by Sir George Adlington Syme, the President of Melbourne University Hockey Club.[41]

The inscription reads:

INTER UNIVERSITY HOCKEY

SYME CUP
PRESENTED BY
SIR GEORGE SYME

1925

The Cup is affectionately known as "Georgie".

The University of Western Australia, Champions 2004
The University of Western Australia, Champions 2005
The University of Western Australia, Champions 2006
The University of Queensland, Champions 2014
Year Venue Champion
1925 Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1926 Brisbane, QLD The University of Melbourne
1927 Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
1928 Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1929 Brisbane, QLD
The University of Melbourne
The University of Queensland
1930 Adelaide, SA The University of Sydney
1931 Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
1932 Melbourne, VIC The University of Melbourne
1933 Brisbane, QLD
The University of Sydney
The University of Queensland
1934 Adelaide, SA The University of Melbourne
1935 Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
1936 Melbourne, VIC
The University of Sydney
The University of Melbourne
The University of Queensland
1937 Brisbane, QLD The University of Melbourne
1938 Adelaide, SA The University of Melbourne
1939 Sydney, NSW The University of Melbourne
1940-1944 Competition suspended due to World War II
1945 Sydney, NSW The University of Queensland
1946 Perth, WA The University of Western Australia
1947 Melbourne, VIC The University of Adelaide
1948 Adelaide, SA The University of Adelaide
1949 Hobart, TAS The University of Queensland
1950 Brisbane, QLD The University of Queensland
1951 Sydney, NSW The University of Sydney
1952 Perth, WA
The University of Adelaide
The University of Western Australia
1953[note 3] Melbourne, VIC The University of Queensland
1954 Adelaide, SA The University of Queensland
1955 Hobart, TAS University of Tasmania
1956 Brisbane, QLD
The University of Queensland
The University of Adelaide
The University of Sydney
1957 The University of Adelaide
1958 Perth, WA The University of Queensland
1959 Melbourne, VIC The University of Sydney
1960 Adelaide, SA The University of Melbourne
1961 Hobart, TAS
The University of Sydney
The University of Western Australia
1962 Sydney, NSW The University of Queensland
1963 Brisbane, QLD The University of Queensland
1964 Perth, WA The University of Queensland
1965 The University of Adelaide
1966 Adelaide, SA The University of Queensland
1967 Canberra, ACT The University of Queensland
1968 Armidale, NSW The University of Melbourne
1969 Hobart, TAS University of Tasmania
1970 Melbourne, VIC The University of Western Australia
1971 Brisbane, QLD The University of Queensland
1972 Melbourne, VIC University of New South Wales
1973 Sydney, NSW
The University of Queensland
University of New South Wales
1974 Perth, WA The University of Western Australia
1975 Adelaide, SA University of Tasmania
1976 Sydney, NSW The University of Western Australia
1977 Melbourne, VIC Australian National University
1978 Australian National University
1979 Hobart, TAS University of Tasmania
1980 Melbourne, VIC The University of Western Australia
1981 Brisbane, QLD The University of Queensland
1982 Melbourne, VIC The University of Western Australia
1983 Perth, WA Australian National University
1984 Wollongong, NSW Australian National University
1985 Sydney, NSW The University of Queensland
1986 Adelaide, SA The University of Melbourne
1987 Brisbane, QLD University of New South Wales
1988 Newcastle, NSW The University of New England
1989 Sydney, NSW The University of New England
1990 Hobart, TAS The University of Melbourne
1991 Perth, WA The University of Melbourne
1992 Melbourne, VIC RMIT University
1993 Brisbane, QLD Queensland University of Technology
1994 Wollongong, NSW Not Engraved
1995 Darwin, NT The University of Western Australia
1996 Canberra, ACT University of Canberra
1997 Melbourne, VIC University of Tasmania
1998 Melbourne, VIC University of Canberra
1999 Perth, WA The University of Melbourne
2000 Ballarat, VIC The University of Melbourne
2001 Sydney, NSW RMIT University
2002 Adelaide, SA Curtin University of Technology
2003 Newcastle, NSW RMIT University
2004 Perth, WA The University of Western Australia
2005 Brisbane, QLD The University of Western Australia
2006[24] Adelaide, SA The University of Western Australia
2007[24] Gold Coast, QLD The University of Western Australia
2008[24] Melbourne, VIC The University of Western Australia
2009[24] Gold Coast, QLD The University of Western Australia
2010[24] Perth, WA The University of Western Australia
2011[24] Gold Coast, QLD The University of Sydney
2012[24] Adelaide, SA The University of Melbourne
2013[24] Gold Coast, QLD The University of Melbourne
2014[24] Sydney, NSW The University of Queensland

Number of Wins[edit]

Rank University Outright Wins Joint Wins Total
1 The University of Melbourne 24 2 26
2 The University of Queensland 15 5 20
3 The University of Western Australia 14 2 16
4 The University of Sydney 12 4 16
5 The University of Adelaide 4 2 6
6 University of Tasmania 5 0 5
7 Australian National University 4 0 4
8 RMIT University 3 0 3
9 University of New South Wales 2 1 3
10 University of Canberra 2 0 2
11 The University of New England 2 0 2
12 Curtin University of Technology 1 0 1
13 Queensland University of Technology 1 0 1

Competition Format[edit]

The initial format was a challenge match between Melbourne and Sydney, with the title retained by the holder in the case of a draw (as in 1912[30] and 1919[33]). As the competition gradually expanded with the addition of the other sandstone universities, it became a simple round-robin format with the winner being the team with the most points. In the case of multiple teams being tied on points, they would share the premiership, but the Syme Cup was still awarded on a challenge basis;[43] If the holder was one of the joint-winners they would retain the cup,[44] otherwise each of the winners would share custody of it over the year.[45]

After a three-way tie in 1936, it was decided that goal average would be taken into account in determining the winner of the Syme Cup.[46] Joint-winners continued to be declared after World War II, though it is unclear if this was a deliberate or accidental change in policy.[47]

With the number of competing universities increasing again from the 1960s onwards, the round-robin competition began to be split into two pools, followed by a knockout finals & classification series. As part of the Australian University Games, the round-robin-then-finals format has continued, but whether teams are split into pools varies from year-to-year. Also, depending on numbers the competition may be split into two divisions (based on rankings from the previous year), with the Syme Cup and overall InterVarsity premiership going to the winners of the 'Gold Medal match' in Division 1.

Combined University Teams[edit]

As an extension of the Intervarsity Hockey Championships, a representative team was typically named at the conclusion of the carnival. This was known as the Combined Universities Team, or the Australian Universities Team. In years gone by, this combined team would tour New Zealand on a biannual basis and/or play matches against the open state teams of the day. The combined team would often play the Host State's Open State team at the immediate end of the Intervarsity carnival. The last of the New Zealand Tours occurred in the 1980s. Selection in the Combined Universities Team was considered an excellent achievement and many State and even National players have been chosen for these teams.

With the advent of Australian University Games in 1993, the format of naming a 'representative' team was replaced whereby Australian University Sport would name a Green and Gold Merit team. This was essentially done under the same pretence as the Combined University Team, with the best players at the carnival chosen for what is now known as the 'Green and Gold Team'.[48] This team, however, is ceremonious in nature only and does not compete in any matches.

Boat Races[edit]

For many years, Boat Races were a formal part of InterVarsity, with heats and finals held throughout the week, and the 'West End Cup' (men) and 'Chuckle Pot' (women) being awarded to the winners.

Summer InterVarsity Hockey[edit]

From 1967 until at least the mid 1980s, a 'Summer InterVarsity' for both Men and Women was also arranged, typically around Australia Day.

The inscription on the trophy reads:

INTERVARSITY
SUMMER HOCKEY

Results are engraved from 1967 until 1980. The trophy is currently held by Melbourne.

Known results:

Year Venue Champion
1967 Monash University
1968 The University of Adelaide
1969 Australian National University
1970
Monash University
Australian National University
1971 Australian National University
1972 Australian National University
1973 Australian National University
1974
Flinders University
La Trobe University
1975 The University of Adelaide
1976 Australian National University
1977 Australian National University
1978 Australian National University
1979 Australian National University
1980 The University of Melbourne
1983[49] Canberra, ACT The University of Melbourne
1986[50] Albury, NSW The University of Melbourne

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sydney was invited in 1909[5] but do not seem to have attended that year.[3]
  2. ^ a b c d e f For an unknown reason this result is not engraved on the Women's Hockey Cup.
  3. ^ Queensland and Adelaide tied, however Adelaide subsequently lost their position due to an ineligible player.[42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Senyard, June E. (2004). The Ties That Bind: A History of Sport at the University of Melbourne. Petersham, NSW: Walla Walla Press. p. 62. 
  2. ^ a b "Inter-'Varsity Hockey". The Register (Adelaide). 11 August 1908. p. 9. 
  3. ^ a b c "Ladies' Inter-'Varsity Hockey Match". The Mercury (Hobart). 12 June 1909. p. 8. 
  4. ^ "Our History". Sydney University Hockey Club. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  5. ^ Minutes, Annual General Meeting, Melbourne University Sports Union, 14 April 1909 
  6. ^ "Hockey". The West Australian (Perth). 17 September 1925. p. 11. 
  7. ^ "University Sport". The Argus (Melbourne). 25 May 1911. p. 17. 
  8. ^ "Inter-University Sports". The Argus (Melbourne). 2 September 1911. p. 17. 
  9. ^ "Women's Inter-'Varsity Hockey". The Mercury (Hobart). 31 August 1912. p. 7. 
  10. ^ a b Year Book and Ninth Annual Report 1913-14, Melbourne University Sports Union, 1914 
  11. ^ Minutes, Council Meeting, Melbourne University Sports Union, 4 September 1913 
  12. ^ a b "AUS Trophies". Australian University Sport. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  13. ^ Minutes, Annual General Meeting, Melbourne University Sports Union, 2 April 1913 
  14. ^ Year Book and Twenty-Second Annual Report 1925-26, Melbourne University Sports Union, 1926 
  15. ^ Year Book and Twenty-Third Annual Report 1926-27, Melbourne University Sports Union, 1927 
  16. ^ a b c Year Book and Sixteenth Annual Report 1920-21 including Annual Reports 1915-20, Melbourne University Sports Union, 1921 
  17. ^ Year Book and Seventeenth Annual Report 1921-22, Melbourne University Sports Union, 1922 
  18. ^ "Women's Sports". The Argus (Melbourne). 28 August 1922. p. 12. 
  19. ^ "Women's Hockey". The Sydney Morning Herald. 27 August 1924. p. 5. 
  20. ^ "Queensland Wins". The Brisbane Courier. 23 August 1924. p. 11. 
  21. ^ a b "Women's Hockey". The Mail (Adelaide). 29 August 1925. p. 10. 
  22. ^ "Inter-'Varsity Competitions". The Mercury (Hobart). 11 August 1937. p. 7. 
  23. ^ "University Women's Carnival". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane). 25 August 1939. p. 4. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r AUS Results, Australian University Sport, www.unisport.com.au
  25. ^ "Women's Matches". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane). 22 August 1936. p. 10. 
  26. ^ "Hockey Carnival to W.A.". The Advertiser (Adelaide). 31 August 1946. p. 9. 
  27. ^ "Hockey". The Argus (Melbourne). 2 June 1909. p. 5. 
  28. ^ "Hockey". The Argus (Melbourne). 24 May 1910. p. 5. 
  29. ^ "University of Melbourne". The Mercury (Hobart). 13 April 1912. p. 10. 
  30. ^ a b "University Sports Union". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 April 1913. p. 12. 
  31. ^ "Sporting. Inter-'Varsity Hockey". The Argus (Melbourne). 23 August 1923. p. 12. 
  32. ^ "Hockey". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 May 1914. p. 24. 
  33. ^ a b "Hockey". The Argus (Melbourne). 17 September 1919. p. 10. 
  34. ^ "Inter-University Hockey". The Argus (Melbourne). 26 August 1920. p. 5. 
  35. ^ "Hockey". The Argus (Melbourne). 25 August 1921. p. 4. 
  36. ^ "Interstate Hockey". The Sydney Morning Herald. 24 August 1922. p. 10. 
  37. ^ "Sporting. Inter-'Varsity Hockey". The Argus (Melbourne). 23 August 1923. p. 5. 
  38. ^ "University Hockey". The Brisbane Courier. 24 August 1924. p. 10. 
  39. ^ "Hockey". The Sydney Morning Herald. 23 July 1924. p. 16. 
  40. ^ "Inter-'Varsity Sports". The Register (Adelaide). 13 August 1928. p. 3. 
  41. ^ "University General Meeting". The Argus (Melbourne). 6 October 1924. p. 6. 
  42. ^ "University Men's Hockey Carnival Tomorrow". The Advertiser (Adelaide). 27 May 1954. p. 13. 
  43. ^ "Syme Cup". The Advertiser (Adelaide). 24 August 1929. p. 17. 
  44. ^ "University Sport". The Argus (Melbourne). 22 August 1936. p. 23. 
  45. ^ "Hockey". The Sydney Morning Herald. 21 August 1933. p. 6. 
  46. ^ Year Book and Thirty-Second Annual Report 1935-36, Melbourne University Sports Union, 1936 
  47. ^ "Q'land shares hockey cup". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane). 28 August 1953. p. 10. 
  48. ^ Green & Gold selection guidelines, Australian University Sport, www.unisport.com.au
  49. ^ Annual Report, 72nd, Melbourne University Hockey Club, 1983 
  50. ^ Annual Report, 75th, Melbourne University Hockey Club, 1986