Inter (TV channel)

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Inter
Інтер
The logo of  Inter
Launched October 20, 1996
Owned by GDF Media Limited[1]
Picture format 4:3 (576i, SDTV)
16:9 (1080i, HDTV) (starting 2012)
Country Ukraine
Broadcast area Ukraine
Europe (As Inter+)
United States (As Inter+)
Headquarters Kiev, Ukraine
Replaced ORT
Website http://inter.ua/
Availability
Terrestrial
Available in most cities Check local listings for channels
Cable
Available on most cable systems Check local listings for channels
Streaming media
Inter Live Free

Inter (Ukrainian: Інтер) is the most watched television channel in Ukraine.[1][2] It covers 99.7 percent of Ukraine's territory (according the channel's own information).[1] Inter is among the top-rated networks in Ukraine, competing with such as 1+1 and Pershyi Natsionalnyi channels. Inter features a general programming mix appealing to both young and old, including movies, music, drama, documentaries, news, kid's programs and much more.

History[edit]

The channel was founded by the Ukrainian Independent TV-Corporation in 1996.

Besides its international version of the channel as the business project, Inter now consists of several similar projects. Those are 07 Production - a studio of the documentary films, NIS - an information studio featuring Podrobytsi, Pirat Production - a studio of the entertaining shows. There are also over five other independent channels such as NTN, K1, K2, Megasport, Enter-Film, and Enter-Music (an Ukrainian version of MTV).

Inter+[edit]

Inter plus ua.png

Inter Plus (Ukrainian: Інтер+) is the international network of Inter Channel that broadcasts the 'best of Inter' programming to Ukrainians abroad in North America & Europe. The channel first started broadcasting on January 13, 2003,[3] available via Dish Network in the United States and in Germany through Kabel Deutschland and encrypted in Europe & Russia on Sirius 2 & ABS 1 satellites. As of March 30, 2011, Inter Plus is no longer available on Dish Network.[4]

Inter+ is also available in Canada via IMB+ Records, an IPTV provider.[5]

Programming[edit]

  • Ahenty Vplyvu (Agents of Influence)
  • Kartata Potata
  • Kliuchovy Moment (Key Moment) - a talk show led by Nataliya Sumska. The show is oriented to help people to find each other, or to restore long-forgotten relationships, or simply let one of the guests tell a story of their life that they would wish to change.
  • Kvadratny metr (Square meter)
  • Lehendy Bandytskoi Odesy (Legends of Criminal Odessa) - a historical show that was discontinued in 2009. The show narrated criminal stories of the Odessa city at the times known in history as Russian Civil War and afterwards.
  • Liniya Konfliktu (Line of Conflict) - a talk show of Masha Yefrosinina. It is a thrilling socially-psychological project. The show brings up the hottest topics of the everyday's life. The participants of the discussions are bright, inordinary, and confident in the correctness of their views characters. The main task of Masha in the project is to tilt the guests to the sharp debate, literally to the edge of a scandal. At the Line of Conflict will be laid the line of fire!
  • Na Svoyu Holovu (On Your Head) - a real-life, adventure-oriented game-show led by Ihor Pelykh.
  • Nayrozumnishy (Smartest) - an intellectual game-show with a lightning-fast diction anchor-lady, Tina Kandelaki.
  • Novatsii i Shtukentsii (Inventions and Stuff)
  • Park Avtomobilnoho Periodu (Park of the Automobile Era)
  • Podrobytsi (Details)
  • Podrobytsi Tyzhnia (Details Weekly)
  • Pozaochi (Pass the Eyes) - a talk show with celebrities. The authors of the show are Hanna Bezliudna and Irina Ionova. The show is led by Yulia Lytvynenko. The goal of the show is to let the audience to get to know their favorite characters a little bit closer.
  • Ranok z Interom (Morning with Inter)
  • Sudovi Spravy (Court Affairs)
  • Svoboda na Interi (Freedom on Inter)
  • Vechirniy Kvartal (Evening Neighborhood)
  • Vidverto pro Futbol (Sincerely about the Soccer)
  • Znak yakosti (Sign of Quality)

Personalities[edit]

  • Andriy Danilevych (Podrobytsi Tyzhnia)
  • Hanna Homonai (Novyny)
  • Volodymyr Horiansky (Ranok z Interom)
  • Yevhen Koshovy (Vechirniy Kvartal)
  • Olha Kotlytska (Na Pershy Pohliad)
  • Olena Kravets (Vechirniy Kvartal)
  • Yulia Lytvynenko (Pozaochi)
  • Dasha Malakhova (Kartata Potata)
  • Ihor Pelykh (Na Svoyu Holovu) (died in a car crash May 8, 2009)[6]
  • Ruslan Senichkin (Podrobytsi)
  • Nataliya Sumska (Kliuchovy Moment)
  • Olha Sumska (Ranok z Interom)
  • Masha Yefrosinina (Liniya Konfliktu)
  • Iryna Yusupova (Podrobytsi)
  • Anastasia Zavorotniuk (Kukhnia dlia Chaynykiv)
  • Volodymyr Zelensky (Vechirniy Kvartal)
  • Yevgeny Kiselyov (in charge of the news production)[7]

Ownership[edit]

The channel was founded by the Ukrainian Independent TV-Corporation in 1996. The Ukrainian independent TV-corporation's shareholders were Dilovyi Svit 51%, Russian Channel One 29%, Pegas Television 20%. About 82.5% of Pegas Television was the personal property of Ihor Pluzhnikov. The other shares of the company were split between Pegas and Overseas sales Ltd. 17.3% and Bersted Ukraina .2%. Those two companies were his property as well. Besides Pegas he had some share in the Dilovyi Svit which consisted of Bersted Ukraina, RIF-Service, Play Enterprise, insurance company Sindek, and legal services of Konnov and Sozanovskyi. In 2005 unexpectedly died Ihor Pluzhnikov in a hospital. His death caused a lot of discussions on the political level. In August all of the shares Dilovyi Svit and half of Pegas Television (total of 61%)[8][9] became a property of what it is later became known as Ukrainian Mediaproject headed by Valeriy Khoroshkovsky. Pegas was overtaken by Pluzhnikov's wife, Svitlana, who has 10% ownership of the Ukrainian independent TV-corporation.[2] There speculations that she does not have any influence on the business of the telechannel, Inter. As of December 2012 61% of the shares are owned by Ukrainian Mediaproject, 29% by Channel One and 10% by Pluzhnikov's widow.[2] According to Yaroslav Porokhniak, head of the management board of Inter, the Russian shareholders have no say in the channel's editorial or programming policies.[2]

In September Valeriy became the head of the Observing Council and in 2006 made some changes in the management. In 2007 on the base of Ukrainian Mediaproject was established U.A. Inter Media Group financial holdings.

Operation managers
Information service managers

The channel is part of GDF Media Limited; since Dmytro Firtash bought 100 percent of InterInter Media Group Limited (back) from Valeriy Khoroshkovskyi on 1 February 2013.[1] In June 2007 Khoroshkovskyi had expanded his U.A. Inter Media Group Ltd with various other channels bought from Firtash.[10]

GDF Media Limited also owns NTN, K1, Mega, Enter-Film, K2, Pixel and MTV Ukraine.[1]

Controversies[edit]

According to critics the channel used to be directly controlled by the Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united) until the 2004 Orange Revolution.[11][12]

In January 2009 (former) Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko refused to appear on Inter television programs criticizing the channel's associates of their professional ethics.[8]

On 21 February 2014 16 journalists of the channel claimed to have been the victim of censorship (in the form of having been forced to make "pro-government propaganda") and called on the higher management to objectively cover events concerning Euromaidan.[13] On 22 February 2014 the channel normal programming was replaced, amid rumours of a possible attack or arson on its headquarters, by live broadcast of Parliamentary sessions.[14] On 22 February 2014, as a part of the "Maidan revolution", President Viktor Yanukovych (the one the 16 journalist had complained about being forced to make propaganda for) was removed from office.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Khoroshkovsky sells Inter channel to Firtash (UPDATED), Kyiv Post (1 February 2013)
  2. ^ a b c d Shills no more? Inter TV comes cleaner on ownership, pledges fairer news coverage, Kyiv Post (27 December 2012)
  3. ^ The visit card of the channel
  4. ^ http://www.satelliteguys.us/dish-network-uplink-center/249019-3-30-2011-2-46pm-uplink.html
  5. ^ http://www.imb-plus.tv/
  6. ^ Famous TV host Pelykh dies in car crash in Kyiv early on Friday, Interfax-Ukraine (May 8, 2009)
  7. ^ Shuster back at Inter channel, Kyiv Post (19 February 2013)
  8. ^ a b Inter TV Channel Denies Businessman Firtash's Being Among Shareholders Of Company, Ukrainian News Agency (January 23, 2009)
  9. ^ U.A. Inter Media Group - Official website
  10. ^ "Khoroshkovsky Creates New Media Giant in Ukraine". Kommersant. June 27, 2007. Retrieved June 21, 2010.  (English) (Russian)
    Oligarchs strengthen grip over TV. Kyiv Post (August 19, 2011)
    Tax administration to check on TV channels of Inter media group, Kyiv Post (4 January 2012)
  11. ^ Virtual Politics - Faking Democraty in the Post-Soviet World, Andrew Wilson, Yale University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-300-09545-7
  12. ^ [tt_news]=30800 UKRAINIAN PARTIES SCRAMBLE FOR MEDIA, FOREIGN ALLIES, AHEAD OF PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS, The Jamestown Foundation (August 17, 2005)
  13. ^ (Ukrainian) Journalists 'Inter' outraged censorship and pro-government propaganda channel, Ukrayinska Pravda (21 February 2014)
  14. ^ (Ukrainian) Russia is concerned about the fate of "Inter" and Russian channels in Ukraine, Ukrayinska Pravda (25 February 2014)
  15. ^ Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president, BBC News (23 February 2014)
    Ukraine protests timeline, BBC News (23 February 2014)

External links[edit]

  • Inter (Ukrainian)/(Russian)/(English)
  • Inter+ (Ukrainian)/(Russian)/(English)
  • Megasport (Ukrainian)