Samuel Cummings

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For the U.S. federal judge, see Samuel Ray Cummings.
Interarms Alexandria Warehouse
General information
Town or city Alexandria, Virginia
Country USA
Client Cummings Associates International, Inc
Design and construction
Architect Unknown

Samuel Cummings, (7 February 1927 - 29 April 1998) was an American small arms dealer. He founded the International Armament Corporation (also known as Interarms or Interarmco) in 1953, a company which came to dominate the free world market in private arms sales.[1]

Biography[edit]

Cummings was born in Philadelphia[2] and became interested in weapons after acquiring a Maxim Gun from a disused American Legion hall at the age of five.[3] Cummings became a US Army weapons specialist at Fort Lee, Virginia after World War II. Following his military discharge he attended George Washington University on the GI Bill, where he was recruited in 1950 by the Central Intelligence Agency as a weapons expert.

Cummings then toured Europe, where he bought large quantities of surplus World War II weapons for both Hollywood productions and the Taiwan government[4] During this time he was also called upon to identify captured weapons in the Korean War.

In 1953 Cummings set up Interarmco in Alexandria, Virginia, with a warehouse in Manchester, England and other international locations to capitalize on the vast stores of postwar arms and ammunition. He used his contacts and expertise to acquire surplus weapons in large quantities to sell to various private and government buyers throughout the world.

In the 1950s and 1960s, Interarmco flooded the American market with military firearms, catering both to souvenir-hungry GIs and sportsmen, and drastically undercutting domestic sporting-arms manufacturers. At the same time, Cummings became an export sales agent for various small arms manufacturers. Interarmco was an original exclusive agent for ArmaLite,[5] and Cummings personally demonstrated its revolutionary AR-10 selective-fire rifle to various nations, including Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic.[6] The Nicaraguan demonstration succeeded in what would have been the first-ever AR-10 export sale to the nation of Nicaragua in 1957 (later cancelled).[6] In 1958, Cummings sold 100 ArmaLite AR-10 rifles to Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista, but in 1959 the entire shipment of AR-10 rifles was captured intact on the Havana docks by the victorious rebel forces of Fidel Castro. Cummings wrote Castro and asked him if he would pay for the rifles or return them, and was invited to visit Cuba in return.[7] Reportedly impressed with the firepower of the AR-10, Castro paid for the rifles and asked for more, but the American arms embargo to Cuba prohibited further sales.[7] Castro later gave the rifles to rebels seeking to overthrow the leader of the Dominican Republic, General Rafael Trujillo.[8] In June 1959, the rebels invaded the Dominican Republic in a combined air/sea operation. Betrayed by local residents, the seaborne rebel forces (led by Cuban officers), were surprised at the water's edge; those dropping via parachute were hunted down in the following days by the Dominican army.[9] Captured AR-10 rifles from Cummings' Batista shipment were found on the bodies of guerrillas killed in firefights with government forces.[8][10] When Cummings arrived in the Dominican Republic that same month to discuss the subject of arms sales with the nation's arms procurement officer, an enraged General Trujillo stormed into the room carrying an AR-10 rifle taken off the body of a dead insurgent, demanding to know why Cummings had supplied guns to his enemies.[11]

Cummings' arms import business was significantly impacted after surplus military firearm imports were greatly restricted by the US Gun Control Act of 1968. Importation of foreign commercial arms sustained the business after 1968. Interarms brought to the American market many quality foreign firearm brands including Star pistols.

His daughter Susan Cummings was convicted of voluntary manslaughter in 1998, after shooting her boyfriend Roberto Villegas.

Quotes[edit]

  • "The arms business is based on human folly, and folly has yet to be measured nor its depths plumbed."
  • "All weapons are defensive and all spare parts are non-lethal."

References[edit]

  1. ^ The War Business - The International Trade in Arms, George Thayer, Simon and Schuster, New York NY (1969) pp. 43ff
  2. ^ Bellamy, Christopher (10 August 1992). "Weapons dealer bites bullet in arms recession: Christopher Bellamy meets the man with the Commonwealth's largest private stock of weapons". The Independent (London). 
  3. ^ Sampson, Anthony. The Arms Bazaar. Hodder General Publishing Division. p. 28. ISBN 0-340-22594-7. 
  4. ^ Weiner, Tim (5 May 1998), "Samuel Cummings, 71, Trader In Weapons on a Grand Scale", The New York Times (New York) 
  5. ^ Pikula, Sam (Major), The ArmaLite AR-10, Regnum Fund Press (1998), ISBN 9986-494-38-9, p. 43
  6. ^ a b Pikula, Sam (Major), The ArmaLite AR-10, pp. 45-46
  7. ^ a b Pikula, Sam (Major), The ArmaLite AR-10, pp. 72-73
  8. ^ a b Brogan, Patrick, Deadly Business: Sam Cummings, Interarms, and the Arms Trade, New York: W.W. Norton & Co. (1983), ISBN 0-393-01766-4, pp. 89-92
  9. ^ Time Magazine, Blood on the Beach, New York:Time Publications, 6 July 1959
  10. ^ Time Magazine, Blood on the Beach, New York:Time Publications, 6 July 1959: The Cuban guerrilla invasion consisted of 150 men arriving via Chris-Craft boats, with 63 more dropped by parachute via C-46 Commando. All of the seaborne forces were killed on the beach; all but five of the parachuting rebels were also killed.
  11. ^ Pikula, Sam (Maj.), The ArmaLite AR-10, pp. 72-73

External links[edit]