Intercept message

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An intercept message is a telephone recording informing the caller that the call cannot be completed, for any of a number of reasons ranging from local congestion, to disconnection of the destination phone, number dial errors or network trouble along the route.

Background[edit]

Before automation, calls to a disconnected or non-working number would be diverted to an intercept operator. The operator would ask what number the subscriber was attempting to call, determine the reason for the intercept and relay the information to the calling party.[1]

The first automatic intercept systems used rotating magnetic drums containing multiple recorded phrases, with a computer or mechanical control system playing phrases in the proper sequence. Initially, the caller was given the option to remain on the line for a live operator after the announcement was completed; this has now been removed.

Jane Barbe and Pat Fleet are well known for being the voices behind many intercept messages originating in the United States.

Many of these recordings end with the phrase "This is a recording" to let the callers know that they have not reached a live operator.

Message wording[edit]

The precise wording of intercept messages is left to the discretion of each local telephone company, except that most such messages nowadays start with one of several Special information tones, standardized by Telcordia when it was still called Bellcore.

In the 1970s, for example, New York Telephone used the following:

"I'm sorry; the number you have reached is not in service, or temporarily disconnected. The number you have reached is not in service at this time. This is a recording."

In rural areas, the name of the town from which the exchange service is furnished was often included in the message; this was especially true if the telephone company providing the service was not part of the Bell System.

Generic message adopted[edit]

By the 1980s, a standardized generic message was adopted, and is in use in a vast majority of localities in America today. It reads as follows:

"We're sorry; you have reached a number that has been disconnected or is no longer in service. If you feel you have reached this recording in error, please check the number and try your call again."

Customized message[edit]

The option also exists to replace the generic message with a customized message, as applicable, such as in cases where a subscriber's telephone number has changed, usually due to relocation. This service is known in America as Number Referral Service, and in Britain as Ceased Number Intercept. An example of a Number Referral Service intercept message is:

"The number you have reached, <old number>, has been changed. The new number is <new number>. Please make a note of it. <old number> has been changed. The new number is <new number>."[2]

Mobile phone messages[edit]

Although landline providers offer Number Referral Service, wireless carriers in the United States do not.[3] It is possible to simulate Number Referral Service using a text-to-speech system to generate a message and a voicemail system to record and replay the message.[4]

Various error conditions, such as a call to a prepaid handset which is out of airtime minutes or a call to a telephone which is not currently on the air, are specific to the mobile service.

Message triggers[edit]

Cancelled service[edit]

When a customer moves and cancels their telephone service, an intercept message is often used even if no new number has replaced the old one. A similar intercept occurs if a number has recently been unlisted; no new number is provided:

"The number you have reached, <old number>, has been changed to a non-published number."[5]

In the past, the call would be forwarded to an intercept operator after usually two readings of the message; today, however, this procedure is not observed, and a fast busy signal follows the second reading of the message instead.

Incorrect number dialed[edit]

A different intercept message is used when the caller has dialled a number the first three digits of which have not yet been assigned within that area code. This message, too, formerly varied by locality; the following was used in New York City in the 1960s:

"If you are calling a number outside New York City, please dial the area code and the local number. If you are dialling a New York City number, please check the number and dial again. This is a recording. If you need assistance, please call your operator."

The standard version of this message in use today is the following:

"We're sorry; we are unable to complete your call as dialed. Please check the number and dial again, or call your operator to help you."

Most of these messages often include the phrase "Your call cannot be completed as dialed". Sometimes a message would say to first dial a 1 or a 0 (the toll prefix for a trunk call) plus the area code of the called number. A message may also be played when 0/1+areacode is prepended unnecessarily on landline phone calls to local destinations.

Tollfree number calling area[edit]

As the owner of a toll-free telephone number must pay to receive all long-distance calls (including misdial calls), a tollfree subscriber may request that the resporg (responsible organisation for a toll-free number, often but not always the inbound long-distance carrier) configure the number to only be reachable from specific area codes, from within one province or state or from specified cities. (The original Bell System InWATS used wide multiple-state or province "bands" as calling areas, modern systems route more finely).

"We're sorry, you have dialled a number which can not be reached from your calling area."[6]

In Canada, this message is translated: "Le numéro que vous avez composé n'est pas disponible de vôtre région". The announcement is repeated, then followed by a numeric identifier.

Network congestion[edit]

AT&T has an intercept message that is heard due to network congestion: "All circuits are busy now, please try your call again 914-2T". The number and digits at the end identify the Network edge or Tandem switch the caller's local exchange company routed the call to. There is also a network message heard when an attempt to route a call to a nodal or ISDN T1 on the terminating end fails due to no call set-up signal from the PBX being received by the far-end Tandem or edge switch "Your call did not go through, 9142T".

Phone left off-hook[edit]

If a phone receiver is left off-hook, sometimes this message is played:

"If you'd like to make a call please hang up and try again. If you need help, hang up and then dial your operator."

The message may be repeated, then followed by a loud, obnoxious rasping off-hook tone intended to remain audible even if the handset is on the desktop instead of at the subscriber's ear. This tone is louder than the standard busy / fast busy signal.

In Australia[edit]

In Australia, a user is often given the following message signifying that a call could not be connected. It is voiced by Anna Hruby, who is known as "The Telstra Lady" for her distinctive and memorable voice. This only applies to the Telstra Network; however, Optus and other networks have similar messages, each voiced by a different individual.

"Your Call could not be connected, please check the number and try again."

The message is usually then followed by a series of letters and numbers signifying the Local Access Switch (LAS) associated with the caller's exchange or the receiving party's exchange.

Variations and enhancements[edit]

In almost any case, a telephone switch may be programmed to return a slow or fast busy signal instead of an intercept message. Intercept messages also often end with a coded identifier signifying which switch the message is being played by; this can be useful for diagnosing network problems.

In some parts of the United States when a line is busy an intercept message plays over a busy signal, then when the message finishes only the busy signal continues. This was done ever since Automatic ring back was introduced. Or the message would play once and then the busy signal is played after the message. For example, the message would say:

"The number you have called is busy. If it becomes free in the next 30 minutes you will hear a special ring when a call can be attempted. Please hang up."

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rudolf F. Graf. Modern Dictionary of Electronics. Retrieved 2013-07-01. 
  2. ^ "Appendix A - Cause Code to Announcement ID Mappings". Cisco BTS 10200 Softswitch Provisioning Guide, Release 5.0.x. San Jose, California: Cisco Systems. 31 May 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2011. 
  3. ^ scaredpoet. "Change of number message?? (post 6)". HowardForums AT&T forum. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  4. ^ lorenwm; Cmorda. "Where can I find a recording of 'The number you have called has been changed; the new number is ....'? (posts 1 and 4)". Google Voice forum. Google, Inc. Retrieved 28 December 2011. "I used this text to speech engine: http://www.research.att.com/~ttsweb/tts/demo.php With the following script: The number you have called,, 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,, has been changed.,, The new number is,, 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,, Please make a note of it,, Again the new number is,, 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0" 
  5. ^ http://www.nirvani.net/misc/telephone_audio/911ch.mp3
  6. ^ "Bell System Phone Company Recordings". Thisisarecording.com. 1997-10-26. Retrieved 2013-07-01.