Interconnectedness is part of the terminology of a worldview which sees a oneness in all things. A similar term, interdependence, is sometimes used instead, although there are slightly different connotations. Both terms tend to refer to the idea that all things are of a single underlying substance and reality, and that there is no true separation deeper than appearances. Some feel that 'interconnectedness' and similar terms are part of a contemporary lexicon of mysticism, which is based on the same core idea of universal oneness.
The economic interconnectedness, so called economic globalization, has evolved and developed ever since the time immemorial with the countries bartering in prospect of finding mutual interests and gains. The development and advancement of transportation and information technology have contributed to international trade by allowing countries to take advantage of comparative advantage, enlarging financial revenue by making business with other countries to the country. This push towards the globalized society with the rise of China and other rising countries to the world economy has shifted the world market to the more globalized economy than ever.
There are number of categories on economic interconnectedness. Generally economic interconnectedness refers to the procedure towards economic integration through the elimination of trade barriers or connecting of financial potential as the one big economy based on international trade. Furthermore, it also applies to the foreign investment and ownership of nation and industry as the considerable amount of goods produced by multinational corporations in the country is from outside.
Economic interconnectedness has been leading the global market with the advancement in communication, transportation technology, and free-market paradigm, allowing for dynamics for goods, capital, people, and services. However, economic interconnectedness does not necessarily construct positive economic globalization as it brings about some major concerns associated with economic shocks and spillovers. Asim Erdilek, a professor Emeritus at Case Western Reserve University, Weatherhead School of Management and a business columnist at Today's Zaman, clames that,
"Globalization means international interdependence with disadvantages as well as advantages. Managing that interdependence among sovereign nations through alignment of domestic and global goals to minimize the disadvantages and maximize the advantages is one of the most critical challenges of our time. Spillovers refer to how policies in a major country or region, such as the US and the Euro Area, affect other countries or regions through trade, financial, and commodity price linkages in our interconnected global economy."
The mystics[who?] have related this as the notion of "All in one, and one in all,"[this quote needs a citation] which, in turn, relates to the theological concept of pantheism, but in the most thorough meaning of that term: not that "All is within god" (as your breakfast might be within you), or that "God is solely within all", but, rather, that the two, god and the creation (or in secular terms the commonweal/commonwealth), are all one within one-another (i.e. a complete exo-/endo- conception of interconnectedness).
"Our salvation depends upon our knowing and recognizing the Chief Good which is God Himself. I have a capacity in my soul for taking in God entirely. I am as sure as I live that nothing is so near to me as God. God is nearer to me than I am to myself; my existence depends on the nearness and presence of God. He is also near things of wood and stone, but they know it not. If a piece of wood became as aware of the nearness of God as an archangel is, the piece of wood would be as happy as an archangel. For this reason man is happier than the inanimate wood, because he knows and understands how God is near him. His happiness increases and diminishes in proportion to the increase and diminution in his knowledge of this. His happiness does not arise from this that God is near him, and in him, and that He possesses God; but from this, that he knows the nearness of God, and loves Him, and is aware that “the Kingdom of God is near.” (Meister Eckhart)
Political interconnectedness is the fundamental part of any kind of legal framework of governing the construction of international corporations in order to achieve the political agreement and cooperation. Political interconnectedness offers benefits to the nations who participate in various fields of activities and it is widely used for interconnection projects. These projects often include the goals of international cooperation, incentives for conflict avoidance, spurring democratization and promoting international stability. Various types of organizations and institutions exist for the sake of these purposes. The political organizations or political institutions are to mediate the policies of the competing political leaders and their ideas in society to run the local and international regions smoothly. Furthermore, it also conciliates between civil society and decision makers. They help parliament receive peoples' political amends, enforcing the political interconnectedness in society.
Typical examples of political institutions are political parties. In the case of the U.S, the two representatives of political parties are Democratic Party and Republican Party. Their primary roles are the following:
1. solicit and articulate public policy priorities and civic needs and problems as identified by members and supporters
2. socializing and educating voters and citizens in the functioning of the political and electoral system and the generation of general political values
3. balancing opposing demands and converting them into general policies
4. Activating and mobilizing citizens into participating in political decisions and transforming their opinions into viable policy options
5. Channeling public opinion from citizens to government6. Recruiting and training candidates for public office
In terms of religion, spirituality, personal world-views and paradigms, the theology of "god present within every human being," a concept familiar to Quakers, might help to explain various life actions (e.g. Quaker testimonies) such as, the rejection of human slavery (to own a slave would, in this cosmo-theological world-view, be to claim ownership of 'that of god' present within the slave).
- Dependent origination
- Gaia theory
- Indigo children
- New Age