Internal Affairs Minister of Israel

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The Interior Minister (Hebrew: שַׂר הַפְּנִים, Sar HaPnim), also known as the Minister of Internal Affairs is head of the Israeli Ministry of Interior and an important portfolio in the cabinet. The current Interior Minister is Gideon Sa'ar of Likud. It should not be confused with the Internal Security Minister.

The position is often demanded by avowedly religious or secular parties as it allows them to control religious councils and planning (including the building of settlements), as well as religion and state issues such as civil marriage and immigration (which is affected by the Who is a Jew? debate). In recent years it has been held by Shas, an ultra-orthodox party, as well as Shinui and Yisrael BaAliyah, both secularist.

There is also occasionally a Deputy Minister of the Interior.

List of Interior Ministers[edit]

Parties

      URF/HHaM/NRP       General Zionists       Ahdut HaAvoda       Alignment/Labor       Shas       Likud       Yisrael BaAliyah       Shinui       Kadima       Independent

Status

      Acting Minister

No. Name Portrait Party Term of office Govt. (P.M.)
1 Yitzhak Gruenbaum Yitzhak Gruenbaum 1948.jpg Independent 14 May 1948 10 March 1949 Prov (Ben-Gurion)
2 Haim-Moshe Shapira Moshe Shapira.jpg United Religious Front;
Hapoel HaMizrachi
10 March 1949 24 December 1952 1·2·3 (Ben-Gurion)
3 Israel Rokach Israel Rokach 1950.jpg General Zionists 24 December 1952 29 June 1955 4 (Ben-Gurion)
5 (Sharett)
(2) Haim-Moshe Shapira Moshe Shapira.jpg Hapoel HaMizrachi 29 June 1955 3 November 1955 6 (Sharett)
4 Yisrael Bar-Yehuda Israel Bar-Yehuda.jpg Ahdut HaAvoda 3 November 1955 17 December 1959 7·8 (Ben-Gurion)
(2) Haim-Moshe Shapira Moshe Shapira.jpg National Religious Party 17 December 1959 16 July 1970[1] 9·10 (Ben-Gurion)
11·12·13 (Eshkol)
14·15 (Meir)
Golda Meir
(as PM)
Alignment
(Labor)
16 July 1970 1 September 1970 15 (Meir)
5 Yosef Burg Yosef Burg.jpg National Religious Party 1 September 1970 3 June 1974 15·16 (Meir)
6 Shlomo Hillel Shlomo Hilel cropped.jpg Alignment
(Labor)
3 June 1974 29 October 1974 17 (Rabin)
(5) Yosef Burg Yosef Burg.jpg National Religious Party 29 October 1974 22 December 1976
(6) Shlomo Hillel Shlomo Hilel cropped.jpg Alignment
(Labor)
16 January 1977 20 June 1977
(5) Yosef Burg Yosef Burg.jpg National Religious Party 20 June 1977 13 September 1984 18·19 (Begin)
20 (Shamir)
Shimon Peres
(as PM)
Alignment 13 September 1984 24 December 1984 21 (Peres)
7 Yitzhak Peretz No image.svg Shas 24 December 1984 6 January 1987 21 (Peres)
22 (Shamir)
8 Yitzhak Shamir Yitzhak Shamir.jpg Likud 6 January 1987 22 December 1988 22 (Shamir)
9 Aryeh Deri Aryeh Deri.jpg Shas 22 December 1988 11 May 1993 23·24 (Shamir)
25 (Rabin)
Yitzhak Rabin
(as PM)
Labor 11 May 1993 7 June 1993 25 (Rabin)
(9) Aryeh Deri Aryeh Deri.jpg Shas 7 June 1993 14 September 1993
10 Yitzhak Rabin
(as PM)
Yitzhak Rabin (1986) cropped.jpg Labor 14 September 1993 27 February 1995
11 Uzi Baram No image.svg Labor 27 February 1995 7 June 1995
12 David Libai No image.svg Labor 19 June 1995 18 July 1995
13 Ehud Barak Ehud Barak Face.jpg Labor 18 July 1995 22 November 1995
14 Haim Ramon Haim Ramon.jpg Labor 22 November 1995 18 June 1996 26 (Peres)
15 Eli Suissa No image.svg Not an MK[2] 18 June 1996 6 July 1999 27 (Netanyahu)
16 Natan Sharansky Natan Shernasky1.JPG Yisrael BaAliyah 6 July 1999 11 July 2000 28 (Barak)
17 Haim Ramon Haim Ramon.jpg One Israel
(Labor)
11 July 2000 7 March 2001
18 Eli Yishai Eli Yishai and Bottles.jpg Shas 7 March 2001 23 May 2002 29 (Sharon)
Ariel Sharon
(as PM)
Likud 23 May 2002 3 June 2002
(18) Eli Yishai Eli Yishai and Bottles.jpg Shas 3 June 2002 28 February 2003
19 Avraham Poraz Avraham Poraz 2012-1.jpg Shinui 28 February 2003 4 December 2004 30 (Sharon)
20 Ophir Pines-Paz Ophir Pines-Paz.jpg Labor 10 January 2005 23 November 2005
21 Ariel Sharon
(as PM)
Ariel Sharon 2001.jpg Kadima 23 November 2005 4 May 2006[3]
22 Roni Bar-On Roni Bar-On.jpg Kadima 4 May 2006 4 July 2007 31 (Olmert)
23 Meir Sheetrit Meir Sheetrit 2009.jpg Kadima 4 July 2007 31 March 2009
(18) Eli Yishai Eli Yishai and Bottles.jpg Shas 31 March 2009 18 March 2013 32 (Netanyahu)
24 Gideon Sa'ar Gid'onSaar2010.JPG Likud 18 March 2013 present 33 (Netanyahu)

1 Shapira died in office.

2 Although Suissa was not an MK at the time, he was later elected to the Knesset for Shas.

3 After Ariel Sharon's stroke, Deputy Interior Minister Ruhama Avraham fulfilled the position's duties.

Deputy Ministers[edit]

Parties

      NRP       Shas       Labor       Shinui       Kadima

No. Name Party Term of office Govt.
1 Shlomo-Yisrael Ben-Meir National Religious Party 28 December 1959 15 December 1969 9·10·11·12·13·14
2 Yosef Goldschmidt National Religious Party 22 December 1969 16 July 1970 15
19 July 1970 1 September 1970
3 Rafael Pinhasi Shas 15 January 1990 11 June 1990 23
4 Salah Tarif Labor 27 November 1995 18 June 1996 25
5 David Azulai Shas 2 May 2001 23 May 2002 29
3 June 2002 28 February 2003
6 Victor Brailovsky Shinui 5 March 2003 29 November 2004 30
7 Ruhama Avraham Kadima 30 March 2005 4 May 2006

External links[edit]