Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act

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The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-240; ISTEA, pronounced Ice-Tea) is a United States federal law that posed a major change to transportation planning and policy, as the first U.S. federal legislation on the subject in the post-Interstate Highway System era.

Objective[edit]

The Act presented an overall intermodal approach to highway and transit funding with collaborative planning requirements, giving significant additional powers to metropolitan planning organizations. Signed into law on December 18, 1991 by President George H. W. Bush, it expired in 1997. It was preceded by the Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 and followed by the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) in 1998, the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) in 2005, and the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) in 2012. ISTEA also provided funds for non-motorized commuter trails; the first trail to be so funded was the Cedar Lake Regional trail that was built in 1995 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

High Priority Corridors[edit]

ISTEA defined a number of High Priority Corridors, to be part of the National Highway System. After various amendments from other laws, this is a list of the Corridors:

Name Location Notes
Corridor 1 North-South Corridor Kansas City, Missouri to Shreveport, Louisiana Interstate 49
Corridor 2 Avenue of the Saints Corridor St. Louis, Missouri to St. Paul, Minnesota
Corridor 3 East-West Transamerica Corridor Hampton Roads, Virginia to southern Kansas
Corridor 4 Hoosier Heartland Industrial Corridor Lafayette, Indiana to Toledo, Ohio
Corridor 5 I-73/74 North-South Corridor Georgetown, South Carolina to Cincinnati, Ohio, Detroit, Michigan and Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan
Corridor 6 United States Route 80 Corridor Meridian, Mississippi to Savannah, Georgia
Corridor 7 East-West Corridor Memphis, Tennessee to Atlanta, Georgia and Chattanooga, Tennessee
Corridor 8 Highway 412 East-West Corridor Tulsa, Oklahoma to Nashville, Tennessee
Corridor 9 United States Route 220 and the Appalachian Thruway Corridor Bedford, Pennsylvania to Corning, New York Interstate 99
Corridor 10 Appalachian Regional Corridor X
Corridor 11 Appalachian Regional Corridor V
Corridor 12 United States Route 25E Corridor Corbin, Kentucky to Morristown, Tennessee
Corridor 13 Raleigh-Norfolk Corridor Raleigh, North Carolina to Norfolk, Virginia Interstate 50
Corridor 14 Heartland Expressway Denver, Colorado to Rapid City, South Dakota
Corridor 15 Urban Highway Corridor M-59 in Michigan
Corridor 16 Economic Lifeline Corridor I-15 and I-40 in California, Arizona, and Nevada
Corridor 17 Route 29 Corridor Greensboro, North Carolina to Washington, D.C.
Corridor 18 Port Huron, Michigan to Chicago, Illinois, Corpus Christi, Texas and Victoria, Texas Interstate 69
Corridor 19 United States Route 395 Corridor Canadian border to Reno, Nevada
Corridor 20 United States Route 59 Corridor Laredo, Texas to Texarkana, Texas Interstate 69
Corridor 21 United States Route 219 Corridor Buffalo, New York to Interstate 80
Corridor 22 Alameda Transportation Corridor ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach to Interstate 10
Corridor 23 Interstate Route 35 Corridor Laredo, Texas to Duluth, Minnesota and the Canadian border (via Interstate 29)
Corridor 24 Dalton Highway Deadhorse, Alaska to Fairbanks, Alaska
Corridor 25 State Route 168 (South Battlefield Boulevard) Great Bridge, Virginia Bypass to the North Carolina state line
Corridor 26 CANAMEX Corridor Nogales, Arizona to the Canadian border
Corridor 27 Camino Real Corridor El Paso, Texas to the Canadian border
Corridor 28 Birmingham Northern Beltline Birmingham, Alabama
Corridor 29 Coalfields Expressway Beckley, West Virginia to Pound, Virginia
Corridor 30 Interstate Route 5 California, Oregon and Washington
Corridor 31 Mon-Fayette Expressway and Southern Beltway Pennsylvania and West Virginia
Corridor 32 Wisconsin Development Corridor Dubuque, Iowa to Eau Claire, Wisconsin
Corridor 33 Capital Gateway Corridor Washington, D.C. to the Baltimore-Washington Parkway in Maryland U.S. Route 50
Corridor 34 Alameda Corridor-East and Southwest Passage East Los Angeles, California to Barstow, California and Coachella, California, and San Bernardino, California to Arizona
Corridor 35 Everett-Tacoma FAST Corridor Everett, Washington to Tacoma, Washington
Corridor 36 New York and Pennsylvania State Route 17 Harriman, New York to I-90 in Pennsylvania Interstate 86
Corridor 37 United States Route 90 Lafayette, Louisiana to New Orleans, Louisiana Interstate 49
Corridor 38 Ports to Plains Corridor Laredo, Texas to Denver, Colorado
Corridor 39 United States Route 63 Marked Tree, Arkansas to Interstate 55 Interstate 555
Corridor 40 Greensboro Corridor Danville, Virginia to Greensboro, North Carolina Interstate 785
Corridor 41 Falls-to-Falls Corridor International Falls, Minnesota to Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin
Corridor 42 Batesville to Fulton, Mississippi formed from portions of ADHS corridors V and X
Corridor 43 United States Route 95 Corridor Eastport, Idaho to Oregon
Corridor 44 Louisiana Highway 1 Corridor Grand Isle, Louisiana to U.S. Route 90
Corridor 45 United States Route 78 Corridor Memphis, Tennessee to Birmingham, Alabama Interstate 22
Corridor 46 Interstate Route 710 Long Beach, California to California State Route 60
Corridor 47 Interstate Route 87 Quebec to New York City
Corridor 48 Route 50 High Plains Corridor Newton, Kansas to Pueblo, Colorado
Corridor 49 Atlantic Commerce Corridor Jacksonville, Florida to Miami, Florida
Corridor 50 East-West Corridor Watertown, New York to Calais, Maine
Corridor 51 SPIRIT Corridor El Paso, Texas to Wichita, Kansas
Corridor 52 Swifton, Arkansas to Jonesboro, Arkansas
Corridor 53 United States Highway Route 6 Interstate 70 to Interstate 15
Corridor 54 California Farm-to-Market Corridor south of Bakersfield, California to Sacramento, California
Corridor 55 Dallas, Texas to Memphis, Tennessee
Corridor 56 La Entrada al Pacifico Corridor Lamesa, Texas to Presidio, Texas
Corridor 57 United States Route 41 corridor Milwaukee, Wisconsin to Green Bay, Wisconsin
Corridor 58 Theodore Roosevelt Expressway Rapid City, South Dakota to Raymond, Montana
Corridor 59 Central North American Trade Corridor border between North Dakota and South Dakota to the Canadian border
Corridor 60 Providence Beltline Corridor Hope Valley, Rhode Island to Massachusetts
Corridor 61 various corridors in Missouri
Corridor 62 Georgia Developmental Highway System Corridors various corridors in Georgia
Corridor 63 Liberty Corridor various corridors in northern New Jersey
Corridor 64 various corridors in southern New Jersey
Corridor 65 Interstate Route 95 Corridor Connecticut
Corridor 66 Interstate Route 91 Corridor Connecticut
Corridor 67 Fairbanks-Yukon International Corridor Canadian border to Fairbanks, Alaska
Corridor 68 Washoe County corridor Reno, Nevada to Las Vegas, Nevada
Corridor 69 Cross Valley Connector Interstate 5 to State Route 14, Santa Clarita Valley, California
Corridor 70 Economic Lifeline corridor I-15, I-40 and other roads in California, Arizona and Nevada
Corridor 71 High Desert Corridor Los Angeles, California to Las Vegas, Nevada
Corridor 72 North-South corridor Kansas City, Missouri to Shreveport, Louisiana Interstate 49
Corridor 73 Louisiana Highway corridor Grand Isle, Louisiana to U.S. Route 90
Corridor 74 Lafayette, Louisiana to New Orleans, Louisiana Interstate 49
Corridor 75 Louisiana 28 corridor Fort Polk, Louisiana to Alexandria, Louisiana
Corridor 76 Toledo, Ohio to Cincinnati, Ohio
Corridor 77 Indiana to Toledo, Ohio
Corridor 78 Cincinnati, Ohio to Cleveland, Ohio
Corridor 79 Interstate Route 376 Monroeville, Pennsylvania to Sharon, Pennsylvania
Corridor 80 Intercounty Connector Interstate 270 to Interstate 95/U.S. Route 1 in Maryland

High-speed rail corridors[edit]

The high-speed corridors designated under ISTEA closely correspond with grants given under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act—seventeen years later.

The legislation also called for the designation of up to five high-speed rail corridors. The options were studied for several months, and announced in October 1992. The first four were announced by United States Secretary of Transportation Andrew Card, while the last was announced by Federal Railroad Administration head Gil Carmichael.[1]

However, there was not significant funding attached to these announcements: $30 million had been allocated to several states by 1997 to improve grade crossings,[2] but that was a very tiny amount in comparison to the billions required for a true high-speed network. Aside from a few places in California and the Chicago–Detroit Line, most areas outside the Northeast Corridor continued to be limited to 79 mph (127 km/h) until $8 billion from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 was distributed in January 2010.[3]

Airbags[edit]

The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 also mandated that passenger automobiles and light trucks built after September 1, 1998 to have airbags installed as standard equipment for the driver and the right front passenger.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chronology of High-Speed Rail Corridors". Federal Railroad Administration, Department of Transportation. 7 July 2007. Archived from the original on 30 November 2009. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "High Speed Ground Transportation for America - CFS Report To Congress". Federal Railroad Administration. September 1997. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  3. ^ Rosenberg, Zach (1 February 2010). "At Long Last, Clear Messages for High-Speed Rail". Wired Blogs. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Office of Research and Development (21 June 2001). "Air Bag Technology in Light Passenger Vehicles". U.S. NHTSA. p. 1. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  5. ^ "Sep 1, 1998: Federal legislation makes airbags mandatory". history.com. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 

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