Internal passport of Russia

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This article is about Identity document used inside Russia. For International passport issued to Russian citizens, see Russian passport.
Internal Passport of the Russian Federation
(Russian: Паспорт гражданина Российской Федерации)
Russian passport.jpg
An example of Internal Passport
Issued by  Russia
Eligibility requirements 14 years of age
legal permanent residence status
Expiration Renewed at age 20 and 45

Internal Passport of Russia (Russian: Паспорт гражданина Российской Федерации) is the primary identity document, an internal passport for Russian citizens residing inside the Russian Federation. For citizens aged under 14 Birth Certificate is used instead. It's a booklet format document, which is standard throughout Russia, however some subjects of Federation can insert an additional pages in subject's national language (Republic of Tatarstan used to include that kind of pages).

Internal passport is initially issued at the age of 14 by the Russian Federal Migration Service only at the Russian territory, and has to be renewed at the ages of 20 and 45 (in particular it means that if passport was reissued shortly before the age of planned renewal (i.e. because of surname change, or due to the bad condition of the document) it still has to be renewed). Every citizen over 14 residing in Russia is required to have a valid internal passport. Russian citizens residing abroad, once they are in Russia, can get the passport upon their decision.For trips outside of Russia (except for some of the CIS countries, as well as Abkhazia and South Ossetia) citizens of Russia issued a special passport.


In 1992, passports — or other photo identification documents — became necessary to board a train. Train tickets started to bear passenger names, allegedly, as an effort to combat speculative reselling of the tickets.

The dissolution of the Soviet Union invoked the need to distinguish Russian citizens among the citizens of the former Union.

On 9 December 1992, special leaves were introduced which were affixed in Soviet passports, certifying that the bearer of the passport was a citizen of Russia. These leaves were optional unless travelling to the other former Soviet republics which continued to accept Soviet passports; for other occasions, other proofs of citizenship were accepted as well. Issuance of the leaves continued until the end of 2002.

On 8 July 1997, the currently-used design of the Russian internal passport was introduced. Unlike the Soviet passports, which had three photo pages, the new passports only have one. A passport is first issued at the age of 14, and then replaced upon reaching the ages of 20 and 45. The text in the passports is in Russian. Passports issued in autonomous entities may, on the bearer's request, contain an additional leaf duplicating all data in one of the official local languages.

A passport exchange was begun; the deadline was initially set at end of 2001, but then prolonged several times and finally set at 30 June 2004. The government had first regulated that having failed to exchange one's passport would constitute a punishable violation. However, the Supreme Court ruled to the effect that citizens cannot be obliged to exchange their passports. The Soviet passports ceased to be valid as means of personal identification since mid-2004, but it is still legal (though barely practicable) to have one.

The propiska was formally abandoned soon after adoption of the current Constitution in 1993, and replaced with "residency registration" which, in principle, was simply notification of one's place of residence.

Nevertheless, under the new regulations, permanent registration records are stamped in citizens' internal passports just as were propiskas. This has led to the widespread misconception that registration was just a new name for the propiska; many continue to call it a "propiska". This misconception is partly reinforced by the fact that the existing rules for registration make it an onerous process, dependent on the consent of landlords, which effectively prevents tenants of flats from registering.


The passport contains the full name, sex, date and place of birth and a photograph of the bearer. It also contains remarks about the holder's registered home address, military duty, marital status, children under 14, other internal and foreign passports issued by the Russian authorities, blood type (optional) and individual taxpayer identification number (also optional). Any unauthorized remarks render the passport invalid. All the data is filled in Russian.

Russian citizen normally has a month after the reason of renewal (i.e. age of 20 or 45, name change after marriage, etc.) occurs to lodge an application. Passports are issued and renewed in 10 days from the date of application (if lodged in the FMS office by the place of resident registration) or in 2 months (if lodged in another office or if the renewed/reissued passport were lost or stolen).

Prior to lodging application, citizen are obliged to pay a fee: normal fee of 200 RUR (~5 EUR) or extended fee of 500 RUR (~12.5 EUR) in case of previous document was lost or stolen.

A temporary identification document can be issued to a citizen while passport is being renewed upon citizen's request.

The Russian police will sometimes do random ID checks to look for draft dodgers, people who don't have the proper registration, etc.

The Russian internal passport is also a valid identity document in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Ukraine, in addition its holder is free to enter the republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia (read more in 2008 Ossetia War). Passport for travel abroad (Russian: заграничный паспорт, zagranichny pasport sometimes translated as international passport or foreign passport) is required for travel abroad to all other countries.

In November 2010 Federal Migration Service had made an announcement of possible cancellation of internal passports with a replacement with plastic ID-cards or drivers licenses. [1]

As of October 2012 this information has been confirmed. Starting from the 1st January 2013, so called Universal Electronic Cards (Russian: Универсальная электронная карта) are being issued. By the year 2015 they are to fully replace old internal passports.[2]

See also[edit]