Internal arcuate fibers

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Brain: Internal arcuate fibers
NeuroLex ID birnlex_1091


Internal arcuate fibers
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Diagram showing the course of the arcuate fibers. (Testut.) 1. Medulla oblongata anterior surface. 2. Anterior median fissure. 3. Fourth ventricle. 4. Inferior olivary nucleus, with the accessory olivary nuclei. 5. Gracile nucleus. 6. Cuneate nucleus. 7. Trigeminal. 8. Inferior peduncles, seen from in front. 9. Posterior external arcuate fibers. 10. Anterior external arcuate fibers. 11. Internal arcuate fibers. 12. Peduncle of inferior olivary nucleus. 13. Nucleus arcuatus. 14. Vagus. 15. Hypoglossal.
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Section of the medulla oblongata at about the middle of the olive. (Arcuate fibers labeled at center right.)
Latin fibrae arcuatae internae
Gray's p.782
Anatomical terminology

Internal arcuate fibers are the axons of second-order neurons contained within the gracile and cuneate nuclei of the medulla oblongata.

These fibers cross (decussate) from one side of the medulla to the other to form the medial lemniscus.

Part of the dorsal column-medial lemniscus system (second neuron), the internal arcuate fibers are important for relaying the sensation of fine touch and proprioception to the thalamus and ultimately to the cerebral cortex.

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