RENAMO insurgency

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RENAMO insurgency[1] is the ongoing rebellion of the RENAMO party in Mozambique, directed against the government. The insurgency is part of the aftermath of the Mozambican Civil War; it began in mid-2013 and is ongoing,[2] resulting in dozens of deaths.

Background[edit]

Main article: Mozambican Civil War

Support for RENAMO waned in Mozambique elections, and its leader Afonso Dhlakama in October 2012 began retraining ageing veterans demanding "a new political order".[3] As a result, RENAMO turned to arms once again.

Timeline[edit]

2013 Resurgence[edit]

The activity of RENAMO resurged in April 2013, when armed clashes broke out with a RENAMO attack on a police station in Muxungue.[3]

RENAMO participated in two clashes in August 2013, resulting in the deaths of 36 Mozambique soldiers and policemen according to RENAMO announcement; local media figures were put significantly lower in comparison, reporting just 2 deaths.[3]

On 21 October 2013, a government raid on the RENAMO base in Sofala Province resulted in one rebel death.[4]

2014[edit]

In January 2014, 1 person was killed and five injured in a Muxungue ambush by RENAMO.[5]

RENAMO members were suspected of killing four policemen and wounding five others in Mozambique's district of Gorongosa in early March 2014.[6]

A “unilateral ceasefire”, decreed by its leader Afonso Dhlakama, was announced by RENAMO on May 7, 2014.[7]

On May 15, two policemen were killed by RENAMO in the Morutane region of Mocuba district (Zambezia province).[2]

On June 2, Antonio Muchanga (the spokesman of the organization) claimed that “As from today, there are no guarantees of movement”.[7] RENAMO’s explanation for scrapping the truce was a claim that the government was massing forces in the Sofala district of Gorongosa in order to assassinate Dhlakama, who was living in a base on the slopes of the Gorongosa mountain range.[7]

On June 4, the RENAMO rebel movement killed 3 people, attacking a convoy of vehicles on the main north-south highway.[7] Earlier that week 7 people were injured at the same location by RENAMO in similar circumstances.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NSNBC. "With Renamo, both being represented in parliament and having relaunched its armed insurgency, the party is both increasing its political and military campaigns, in what analysts describe as an attempt to cast the country into a new civil war up the October 2014 parliamentary and presidential elections." [1]
  2. ^ a b [2]
  3. ^ a b c [3]
  4. ^ [4]
  5. ^ [5]
  6. ^ [6]
  7. ^ a b c d e [7]