International Amateur Radio Union

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International Amateur Radio Union
Iaru logo.png
Abbreviation IARU
Motto "Representing the Interests of Two-Way Amateur Radio Communication"[1]
Formation 1925[1]
Type INGO
Purpose Advocacy
Headquarters Newington, Connecticut, USA
Region served Worldwide
Membership 162 national member societies[2]
Official language English[3]
President Tim Ellam VE6SH[1]
Main organ Administrative Council[4]
Website http://www.iaru.org/

The International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) is an international confederation of national amateur radio organisations that allows a forum for common matters of concern and collectively represents matters to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Following an informal meeting in 1924 of representatives from France, Great Britain, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Luxembourg, Canada, and the United States, a plan was formulated to hold an International Amateur Congress in Paris, France in April, 1925, for the purpose of founding an international amateur radio organization.[5] The Congress was attended by representatives of 23 countries in Europe, North America, South America, and Asia. A constitution for the IARU was adopted on April 17, and the formation of the International Amateur Radio Union was ratified on April 18, 1925.[6]

The protocol of the congress was written in the languages English French and Esperanto. [7]

As of February, 2009, the International Amateur Radio Union is composed of 162 national member societies.[8]

Governance[edit]

The IARU has an elected President and Vice President, an appointed Secretary and other officials (including regional representatives) forming an Administrative Council. These office holders are presently Timothy Ellam (Canada), President; Ole Garpestad (Norway), Vice-President and Rod Stafford (USA), Secretary.[4] The IARU International Secretariat (IARUIS) is operated by a member society after election by members. Currently, the American Radio Relay League (ARRL) operates the IARUIS from its headquarters in Newington, Connecticut, USA.[9]

Regional organisation[edit]

The IARU is organised into three regions, named Region 1, Region 2, and Region 3. These regions correspond to the regulatory regions used by the International Telecommunication Union. Each region has an Executive Committee, typically composed of a President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, and several Directors. These regional officers are elected by representatives from the member societies at triennial regional conferences. Coordinators may be appointed by the Executive Committee of the region to support particular areas within the region, or to promote certain amateur radio activities within the region. All three regions have appointed Coordinators for Amateur Radio Direction Finding, emergency communications, monitoring for electromagnetic interference, and radio propagation.

IARU Region 1[edit]

IARU Region 1 Member Societies.

IARU Region 1 includes the member societies representing amateur radio operators in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and northern Asia. IARU Region 1 has the largest number of member societies among the three IARU regions, and has been the source of several international initiatives. IARU Region 1 lobbying efforts led to the creation of the 30 meter, 17 meter, and 12 meter amateur radio bands, improving the standardization of reciprocal licensing, and promoting Amateur Radio Direction Finding.[10]

Country Member Society/web site Abbreviation Founded Admit'd
 Albania Albanian Amateur Radio Association AARA
 Algeria Amateurs Radio Algeriens ARA
 Andorra Unió de Radioaficionats Andorrans URA
 Armenia Federation of Radiosport of the Republic of Armenia FRRA
 Austria Österreichischer Versuchssenderverband OEVSV
 Bahrain Amateur Radio Association of Bahrain ARAB
 Belarus Belarussian Federation of Radioamateurs and Radiosportsmen BFRR
 Belgium Royal Union of Belgian Radio Amateurs UBA
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Asocijacija Radioamatera u Bosne i Hercegovine ARABH
 Botswana Botswana Amateur Radio Society BARS
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Federation of Radio Amateurs BFRA
 Burkina Faso Association des Radioamateurs du Burkina Faso ARBF
 Cameroon Association des Radio Amateurs du Cameroun ARTJ
 Ivory Coast Association Des Radio Amateurs Ivoiriens ARAI
 Croatia Hrvatski Radioamaterski Savez HRS
 Cyprus Cyprus Amateur Radio Society CARS
 Czech Republic Český Radioklub CRK
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Association des Radio Amateurs du Congo ARAC
 Denmark Experimenterende Danske Radioamatører EDR
 Djibouti Association des Radioamateurs de Djibouti ARAD
 Egypt Egypt Amateurs Radio Assembly EARA
 Estonia Eesti Raadioamatööride Ühing ERAU
 Ethiopia Ethiopian Amateur Radio Society EARS
 Faroe Islands Føroyskir Radioamatørar FRA
 Finland Suomen Radioamatööriliitto SRAL
 France Réseau des Émetteurs Français REF
 Gabon Association Gabonaise des Radio-Amateurs AGRA
 Gambia Radio Society of The Gambia RSTG
 Georgia National Association Radioamateurs of Georgia NARG
 Germany Deutscher Amateur-Radio-Club DARC
 Ghana Ghana Amateur Radio Society GARS
 Gibraltar Gibraltar Amateur Radio Society GARS
 Greece Radio Amateur Association of Greece RAAG
 Guinea Association des Radioamateurs de Guinea ARGUI
 Hungary Magyar Rádióamatõr Szövetség[1] MRASZ 1928 1936
 Iceland Íslenskir Radíóamatörar IRA
 Iraq Iraqi Amateur Radio Society IARS
 Ireland Irish Radio Transmitters Society IRTS
 Israel Israel Amateur Radio Club IARC
 Italy Associazione Radioamatori Italiani ARI
 Jordan Royal Jordanian Radio Amateur Society RJRAS
 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Federation of Radiosport and Radio Amateur KFRR
 Kenya Amateur Radio Society of Kenya ARSK
 Kuwait Kuwait Amateur Radio Society KARS
 Latvia Latvijas Radio Amatieru Līga LRAL
 Lebanon Radio Amateurs of Lebanon RAL
 Lesotho Lesotho Amateur Radio Society LARS
 Liberia Liberia Radio Amateur Association LRAA
 Liechtenstein Amateurfunk Verein Liechtenstein AFVL
 Lithuania Lietuvos Radijo Mėgėjų Draugija LRMD
 Luxembourg Réseau Luxembourgeois des Amateurs d'Ondes Courtes RL
 Macedonia Radioamaterski Sojuz na Makedonija RSM
 Mali Club des Radioamateurs et Affilies du Mali CRAM
 Malta Malta Amateur Radio League MARL
 Mauritius Mauritius Amateur Radio Society MARS
 Moldova Asociatia Radioamatorilor din Moldova ARM
 Monaco Association des Radio-Amateurs de Monaco ARM
 Mongolia Mongolian Radio Sport Federation MRSF
 Morocco Association Royale des Radio Amateurs du Maroc ARRAM
 Mozambique Liga dos Rádio Emissores de Moçambique LREM
 Namibia Namibian Amateur Radio League NARL
 Netherlands Vereniging voor Experimenteel Radio Onderzoek Nederland VERON
 Nigeria Nigeria Amateur Radio Society NARS
 Norway Norsk Radio Relæ Liga NRRL
 Oman Royal Omani Amateur Radio Society ROARS
 Poland Polski Związek Krótkofalowców PZK
 Portugal Rede dos Emissores Portugueses REP
 Qatar Qatar Amateur Radio Society QARS
 Romania Federaţia Română de Radioamatorism FRR
 Russia Russian Amateur Radio Union SRR
 San Marino Associazione Radioamatori della Repubblica di San Marino ARRSM
 Senegal Association des Radio-Amateurs du Senegal ARAS
 Serbia Savez Radio-Amatera Srbije SRS
 Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Amateur Radio Society SLARS
 Slovakia Slovenský Zväz Rádioamatérov SZR
 Slovenia Zveza Radioamaterjev Slovenije ZRS
 South Africa South African Radio League SARL
 Spain Unión de Radioaficionados Españoles URE
 Swaziland Radio Society of Swaziland RSS
 Sweden Föreningen Sveriges Sändareamatörer SSA
  Switzerland Union of Swiss Short Wave Amateurs USKA
 Syria Syrian Scientific Technical Amateur Radio Society SSTARS
 Tajikistan Tajik Amateur Radio League TARL
 Tanzania Tanzania Amateur Radio Club TARC
 Tunisia Association Tunisienne des Radioamateurs ASTRA
 Turkey Telsiz ve Radyo Amatörleri Cemiyeti TRAC
 Turkmenistan Liga Radiolyubiteley Turkmenistana LRT
 Uganda Uganda Amateur Radio Society UARS
 Ukraine Ukrainian Amateur Radio League UARL
 United Arab Emirates Emirates Amateur Radio Society EARS
 United Kingdom Radio Society of Great Britain RSGB
 Yemen No representation—ham radio prohibited
 Zambia Radio Society of Zambia RSZ
 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Amateur Radio Society ZARS

IARU Region 2[edit]

IARU Region 2 Member Societies.

IARU Region 2 includes the member societies representing amateur radio operators in North and South America. The organization of IARU Region 2 was founded in 1964 when representatives from 15 national radio societies attended the First Panamerican Radio Amateur Congress in Mexico City, Mexico. Antonio Pita, XE1CCP was the region's first elected President.[11]

Country Member Society Abbreviation
 Anguilla Anguilla Amateur Radio Society AARS
 Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Amateur Radio Society ABARS
 Argentina Radio Club Argentino RCA
 Aruba Aruba Amateur Radio Club AARC
 Bahamas Bahamas Amateur Radio Society BARS
 Barbados Amateur Radio Society of Barbados ARSB
 Belize Belize Amateur Radio Club BARC
 Bermuda Radio Society of Bermuda RSB
 Bolivia Radio Club Boliviano RCB
 Brazil Liga de Amadores Brasileiros de Rádio Emissão LABRE
 British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands Radio League BVIRL
 Canada Radio Amateurs of Canada RAC
 Cayman Islands Cayman Amateur Radio Society CARS
 Chile Radio Club de Chile RCCH
 Colombia Liga Colombiana de Radioaficionados LCRA
 Costa Rica Radio Club de Costa Rica RCCR
 Cuba Federacion de Radioaficionados de Cuba FRC
 Dominica Dominica Amateur Radio Club DARCI
 Dominican Republic Radio Club Dominicano RCD
 Ecuador Guayaquil Radio Club GRC
 El Salvador Club de Radio Aficionados de El Salvador CRAS
 Grenada Grenada Amateur Radio Club GARC
 Guatemala Club de Radioaficionados de Guatemala CRAG
 Guyana Guyana Amateur Radio Association GARA
 Haiti Radio Club d'Haïti RCH
 Honduras Radio Club de Honduras RCH
 Jamaica Jamaica Amateur Radio Association JARA
 Mexico Federacion Mexicana de Radio Experimentadores FMRE
 Montserrat Montserrat Amateur Radio Society MARS
 Netherlands Antilles Vereniging voor Experimenteel Radio Onderzoek in de Nederlandse Antillen VERONA
 Nicaragua Club de Radioexperimentadores de Nicaragua CREN
 Panama Liga Panameña de Radioaficionados LPRA
 Paraguay Radio Club Paraguayo RCP
 Peru Radio Club Peruano RCP
 Suriname Vereniging van Radio Amateurs in Suriname VRAS
 Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Amateur Radio Society TTARS
 Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Amateur Radio Society TACARS
 United States American Radio Relay League ARRL
 Uruguay Radio Club Uruguayo RCU
 Venezuela Radio Club Venezolano RCV

IARU Region 3[edit]

IARU Region 3 Member Societies.

IARU Region 3 includes the member societies representing amateur radio operators in Australia, most of Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Although most of their membership is located in other IARU regions, the American Radio Relay League and the Radio Society of Great Britain are full member societies of IARU Region 3. The ARRL represents amateur radio operators in American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Marianas, and other dependent territories in the Pacific Ocean. The RSGB represents amateur radio operators in the British Indian Ocean Territory. IARU Region 3 has a special emphasis on promoting the harmonization of license qualifications in an effort to promote easier reciprocal operations by amateur radio operators in the region.[12]

Country Member Society Abbreviation
 Australia Wireless Institute of Australia WIA
 Bangladesh Bangladesh Amateur Radio League BARL
 Brunei Brunei Darussalam Amateur Radio Association BDARA
 China Chinese Radio Sports Association CRSA
 Republic of China Chinese Taipei Amateur Radio League CTARL
 Fiji Fiji Association of Radio Amateurs FARA
 French Polynesia Club Oceanien de Radio et d'Astronomie CORA
 Hong Kong Hong Kong Amateur Radio Transmitting Society HARTS
 India Amateur Radio Society of India ARSI
 Indonesia Organisasi Amatir Radio Indonesia ORARI
 Japan Japan Amateur Radio League JARL
 Macau Associação dos Radioamadores de Macau ARM
 Malaysia Malaysian Amateur Radio Transmitters' Society MARTS
 Burma Burma Amateur Radio Transmitting Society BARTS
 New Caledonia Association des Radio-Amateurs de Nouvelle-Calédonie ARANC
 New Zealand New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters NZART
 North Korea No representation—ham radio prohibited
 Pakistan Pakistan Amateur Radio Society PARS
 Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Amateur Radio Society PNGARS
 Philippines Philippine Amateur Radio Association PARA
 Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Island Amateur Radio Association PIARA
 Samoa Samoa Amateur Radio Club SARC
 Singapore Singapore Amateur Radio Transmitting Society SARTS
 Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Radio Society SIRS
 South Korea Korean Amateur Radio League KARL
 Sri Lanka Radio Society of Sri Lanka RSSL
 Thailand Radio Amateur Society of Thailand RAST
 Tonga Amateur Radio Club of Tonga ARCOT
 Vanuatu Vanuatu Amateur Radio Society VARS
 Vietnam Vietnam Amateur Radio Club VARC

GAREC - Global Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Conferences[edit]

The Global Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Conference or 'GAREC' is a yearly conference held by the International Amateur Radio Union for discussion of amateur radio operation during natural disasters and other emergencies with the motto, "Saving lives through emergency communications".[13] GAREC was first held in Tampere, Finland in 2005, coinciding with the adoption of the Tampere Convention, a globally binding emergency communications treaty that had been signed in Tampere in 1998.[14] In later conferences, the venue has attempted to rotate in sequence through ITU Regions 1, 2 and 3 ( though not necessarily in that particular order )

Radiosport[edit]

The IARU organises and promotes radiosport activities throughout the world. The rules used for High Speed Telegraphy are maintained by a Working Group of the IARU, and regional and world championships in the sport are sponsored by the IARU. Amateur Radio Direction Finding is similarly supported by the organisation, with a standing Working Group responsible for maintaining the rules used by most international events, including IARU-sponsored regional and world championships. The IARU is less directly involved in the sport of contesting, but does sponsor an annual competition known as the IARU HF World Championship. The IARU does not directly administer any of these sporting events, but authorises and sponsors them through host organisations.[15]

Operating Station and the WAC Award[edit]

The IARU maintains a radio station at its headquarters in Newington, Connecticut. Its callsign is NU1AW. As an amateur radio station licensed by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission the "1" stands for its location in the New England area. "NU" were taken from the pre-1928 era when amateurs made up their own prefixes, and informally used these letters to show they were in "North America—USA". The "AW" suffix represents the connection with the American Radio Relay League, whose own station is W1AW. NU1AW is frequently active during amateur radio contests.[16]

For many years the IARU has issued the Worked All Continents certificate to amateurs who contact fellow hams in the six permanently populated continental areas of the world. Special awards and endorsements for various bands and modes are also available.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c International Amateur Radio Union (2007). "The International Amateur Radio Union". Oct. 22, 2007.
  2. ^ International Amateur Radio Union (2005). "Member Societies". Jan. 7, 2005.
  3. ^ IARU Constitution
  4. ^ a b International Amateur Radio Union (2005). "Constitution of the International Amateur Radio Union". Jan. 11, 2005.
  5. ^ Clinton B. DeSoto (1936). 200 meters & Down — The Story of Amateur Radio. W. Hartford, CT: The American Radio Relay League. pp. 106–109. ISBN 0-87259-001-1. 
  6. ^ Sumner, David (2000). "IARU 75th Anniversary, 18 April 2000". The Calendar, International Amateur Radio Union, No. 180, March 15, 2000.
  7. ^ editeur Etienne Chiron 40 rue de Seine Paris 1925
  8. ^ American Radio Relay League (2009). "IARU Member-Societies Ratify New Officers, Vote to Admit New Members". Retrieved February 19, 2009.
  9. ^ International Amateur Radio Union (2005). "The IARU International Secretariat". January 11, 2005.
  10. ^ International Amateur Radio Union Region 1 (2008). "About IARU and IARU Region 1". Retrieved August 5, 2008.
  11. ^ International Amateur Radio Union (2008). "IARU-R2 History". Retrieved Aug. 5, 2008.
  12. ^ International Amateur Radio Union Region 3 (2008). "Directory". Retrieved Aug. 5, 2008.
  13. ^ http://www.iaru.org/garecnet/
  14. ^ The Tampere Convention on the Provision of Telecommunication Resources for Disaster Mitigation and Relief Operations. http://www.iaru.org/emergency/tc-hams.html. Accessed 13 August 2007.
  15. ^ International Amateur Radio Union (2007). "IARU Contests". Jul. 23, 2007.
  16. ^ International Amateur Radio Unin (1996). NU1AW: IARU's Club Station Retrieved November 30, 2008.

External links[edit]